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Geoffrey Chaucer Chaucer, Geoffrey (Poetry Criticism) - Essay. Geoffrey Chaucer 1340?–1400. English poet, prose writer, and essay translator. Don T! See also Geoffrey Chaucer Literary Criticism and The Wife of Bath's Prologue and change life Tale Criticism . Widely regarded as the father of English poetry, Geoffrey Chaucer is the foremost representative of Middle English literature. His Canterbury Tales is one of the most highly esteemed works in the English language, and its General Prologue has been acclaimed by critics as the most perfect poem in the English language. Notable among his other works are the Book of the Duchess, Parlement of Foules, House of don t send a resume Fame, Troilus and Criseyde , and Legend of Good Women.
Familiar with French, English, Italian, and major life essay Latin literature, Chaucer was able to meld characteristics of each in a unique body of work that affirmed the ascent of English as a literary language. Chaucer's works, which reflect his consummate mastery of various literary genres, styles, and cst students with essay questions techniques, as well as his erudition, wit, and insight, are regarded as classics of major essay European literature. Born into a family of London-based vintners sometime in the early 1340s, Chaucer had a long and distinguished career as a civil servant, serving three successive kings—Edward III, Richard II, and Henry IV. As a member of court, he traveled to Spain in how to write critic 1366 on what would be the first of a series of diplomatic missions to the continent over the next decade. In 1368 the death of major life Blanche, the first wife of John of Gaunt—Edward Ill's fourth son and the poet's courtly patron—occasioned Chaucer's composition of the Book of the companies write proposals, Duchess , which was in circulation by the time he went to essay, France in 1370. He traveled to Italy in 1372 and 1373, visiting Genoa and Florence, and upon his return to England was appointed a customs official for the Port of London, a post he would hold until 1386. Don T A Resume! Chaucer's career as a civil servant frequently took him to continental Europe over major change the course of the next decade, but by 1385 he was living in Kent, where he was appointed a justice of the peace.
The following year he became a member of Parliament. The next few years were difficult ones for Chaucer. Linked to essay questions, the royal family, he suffered as the aristocracy began to seize power in England. Life! His fortunes rose again, however, with the return of John of how to Gaunt from the continent and life Richard II's regained control of the government from the upstart barons. Chaucer was appointed a clerk of the king's works, but was removed from this office in 1391. The next few years were dismal for him.
By 1396, records suggest, he had established a close relationship with John of Gaunt's son, the. Earl of Derby, who as King Henry IV later confirmed Chaucer's grants from Richard II and added an additional annuity in 1399. In December of that year, Chaucer leased a house in send the garden of Westminster Abbey, where he lived for the remainder of his life. When Geoffrey Chaucer died on 25 October 1400, he was accorded the honor of burial in the Abbey (then traditionally reserved for royalty) and his tomb became the nucleus of what is now known as Poets' Corner. Inspired in large part by French court poetry, Chaucer's first major work, the Book of the Duchess , was written to soothe the grief of John of Gaunt after his wife's death in 1368. At the opening of the poem the change, narrator succumbs to sleep as he reads the story of Seyes and Alcyone. Write Research! In a dream he meets a mourning Black Knight. Essay! The narrator then inquires about the Knight's anguish, and the Knight, as he relates his stornion of the cst students with disabilities questions, work holds that Chaucer surpasses his French models in the Book of the Duchess by transforming the insincere courtly language and change sentimental romance imagery of don t a resume dying for love into a poignant reality. House of major change Fame and Parlement of Foules are thought to comment upon efforts to that write, arrange a suitable marriage for the young Richard II. Life! A dream-vision, House of Fame appears to be an examination of the function of in an email a resume poets, the nature of poetry, and the unreliability of fame.
Parlement of Foules also takes the major life, form of a dream-vision, and betrays the influence of Italian Renaissance literature. The work is generally seen as an allegorical disputation on love. Troilus and Criseyde , an adaptation of Boccaccio's Il Filostrato (c. 1338) was long considered by some critics to be Chaucer's finest poetic achievement. A tale of thwarted love set against the backdrop of the Trojan War, the work is thought to possess a symmetry, decorum, and metaphorical quality lacking in Boccaccio's story. Likewise, Chaucer's adaptation adds depth and changes the depiction of the main characters. His Criseyde is more refined, elegant and sympathetically portrayed than her capricious predecessor; she is not degraded after deciding to accept the political betrothal to the Greek warrior Diomede rather than marry Troilus. Troilus himself is reduced to an impotent passivity, although he formulates many of the primary concerns of the story.
Critics note these as tensions between erotic and intellectual spheres, interpreting the poem in one of what in an sending a resume letter three general ways: as a psychological novel, the first in English; as the essay, epitome of courtly love romances; or, as a religious and philosophical allegory. The last of Chaucer's dream-vision poems, Legend of Good Women relates the traditional stories of such faithful women as Dido, Cleopatra, and Lucrece. Don T! Considered somewhat dull and perfunctory by some, the unfinished Legend is valued by critics largely for its structure as a collection of major change interconnected stories that prefigures the form of Chaucer's masterpiece, the Canterbury Tales. Begun sometime around 1386, the Canterbury Tales features a series of stories told by a group of travelers on a pilgrimage to the shrine of Thomas a Becket in essay sagmeister Canterbury, and is said to reflect the diversity of fourteenth-century English life. The pilgrims depict the major change life essay, full range of medieval society, and the tales they relate span the literary spectrum of the essay sagmeister, period. The Canterbury Tales begins with a General Prologue, introducing the pilgrims with short, vivid sketches—beginning with a knight and his entourage, followed by several ecclesiastics and representatives of the major life, lower classes. The stories told are generally indicative of class and personality, with certain exceptions, often for ironic effect as scholars note.
The social variety of the pilgrims is highlighted by the diversity of the tales and their themes: courtly romance, racy fabliau , allegory, sermon, beast fable, saint's life, and, at times, a mixture of these genres. In part due to the intricacy and send proposed length of the work, critics believe that Chaucer's final plan for major change his Canterbury Tales was never realized; he either died before be could place the sections he envisioned in the proper sequence or stopped work on it all together. Nevertheless, the work contains what many readers feel is a realistic depiction of Chaucer's world that points to the vast and diverse knowledge of the poet and conjures the complexity of the fourteenth-century European mind. Chaucer's genius was recognized in his own time and his works have since attracted a vast body of accidental criticism. Life Essay! Praised by French and English contemporaries alike for his technical skill, he was revered as a master poet and lauded for essay his contributions to the English language. The outstanding English poet before Shakespeare, Geoffrey Chaucer brought Middle English to its full efflorescence. The originality of change life his language and style, the what to write email when sending letter, vivacity of his humor, the civility of his poetic demeanor, and the depth of his knowledge are continually cited as reasons for the permanence of his works. Essay! His poems continue to draw the interest of readers and critics centuries after his death and remain among the most acclaimed works throughout the English-speaking world. Access our Geoffrey Chaucer Study Guide for Free. Book of the Duchess c. 1368-1369.
Anelida and companies that proposals Arcite c. 1373-1374. Canterbury Tales c. 1375-1400. House of Fame c. 1378-1381. Parlement of Foules c. 1378-1381. Troilus and Criseyde c. 1382-1386. Legend of Good Women c. 1386. Chaucer's Poetry: An Anthology for the Modern Reader [edited by E. Major Change Essay! Talbot Donaldson] 1975. Other Major Works. Roman de la Rose [translator; The Romance of the Rose ] (poetry) c. 1360.
Boecius de consolacione [translator; Consolation of to write email sending Philosophy ] (prose) c. 1380. Treatise on the Astrolabe (prose) c. 1391. Equatorie of the Planetis (prose) c. 1391. The Complete Poetry and Prose of Geoffrey Chaucer [edited by John H. Fisher; revised edition, 1989] (poetry and prose) 1977. A Variorum Edition of the Works of Geoffrey Chaucer [edited by Paul G. Ruggiers] (poetry and life essay prose) 1979. The Riverside Chaucer [edited by Larry D. Benson] (poetry and prose) 1987. SOURCE: A Descriptive Catalogue, in Blake: Complete Writings , edited by Geoffrey Keynes, Oxford University Press, 1966, pp. 563-85. [ Blake is perhaps the most esteemed English poet and how to artist of the Romantic period. In the following excerpt from his 1809 Descriptive Catalogue of his paintings and drawings, he describes Chaucer's Canterbury pilgrims as examples of universal human life. ] The characters of Chaucer's Pilgrims are the characters which compose all ages and nations: as one age falls, another rises, different to life essay, mortal sight, but to immortals only the same; for we see the same characters repeated again and write proposals again, in major life animals, vegetables, minerals, and disabilities essay in.
(The entire section is 2273 words.) Get Free Access to this Geoffrey Chaucer Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to change life, unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Ralph Waldo Emerson (lecture date 1835)
SOURCE: English Literature, in The Early Lectures of cst students with Ralph Waldo Emerson: 1833-1836, Vol. I , edited by Stephen E. Whicher and Robert E. Major Change! Spiller, Harvard University Press, 1959, pp. 205-88. [ Emerson, an influential literary figure and philosopher during the nineteenth century, founded the American Transcendental movement. In the following excerpt from a lecture delivered in 1835, he places Chaucer in the English literary tradition, praising him for his delightful and authentic literary portraits. ] Geoffrey Chaucer in don t send the unanimous opinion of scholars is the earliest classical English writer. He first gave vogue to many Provencal words by major change life, using them in his elegant and. (The entire section is 1249 words.) Get Free Access to this Geoffrey Chaucer Study Guide.
Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and send thousands more. George Lyman Kittredge (essay date 1915) SOURCE: Troilus, in Chaucer and His Poetry , Harvard University Press, 1915, pp. 108-21. [ Kittredge is renowned as the major change life, editor of the Complete Works of Shakespeare (with Irving Ribner) and for his collections of English and Scottish ballads as well as for his studies of Chaucer, including Observations on the Language of Chaucer's Troilus and Chaucer and His Poetry from which the following excerpt is taken. In this passage, Kittredge summarizes the situation and how to write critic action of Troilus and Criseyde and argues that it is a superlative love tragedy. ] Chaucer is known to everybody as the prince of essay storytellers, as incomparably the greatest of our. (The entire section is 3018 words.) SOURCE: Chaucer and the Rhetoricians, in Proceedings of the British Academy , Oxford University Press, 1926, pp. How To Write! 95-113. [ Manly was an esteemed professor of Medieval English known for his valuable contribution to Chaucer studies through his lectures and his eight-volume collection.
The Text of the Canterbury Tales, Studied on the Basis of All Known Manuscripts. In the following excerpt from his published lectures, Manly describes the rhetorical styles of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Book of the Duchess, Parlement of major change life essay Foules, and other poems. He traces Chaucer's style to the lessons given in medieval rhetorical texts, suggesting that Chaucer was following set conventions in his. (The entire section is 6442 words.) John Livingston Lowes (lecture date 1930) SOURCE: The Art of don t Geoffrey Chaucer, in Proceedings of the British Academy , Oxford University Press, 1930, pp. 297-326. [ Lowes is noted for major change life his essays and lectures on poetry and is the author of Geoffrey Chaucer and the Development of His Genius. In the following excerpt from one of his published lectures, Lowes provides cultural, biographical, and literary sources for Chaucer's works .] My subject, as I have announced it, is a theme for a volume, but titles can seldom be brief and critic specific at once. I mean to limit myself to an attempt to answer—and that but in part—a single question: What, aside from major, genius, made the poet of the greater.
(The entire section is 7448 words.) SOURCE: The Legend of Good Women, in The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer , Houghton Mifflin Company, 1957, pp. Write Proposals! 480-82. [ F. N. Robinson is the change life, editor of the widely used The Works of that research proposals Geoffrey Chaucer noted for its extensive textual notes and introductions to Chaucer's works. In the following essay originally published in 1933, Robinson discusses the Legend of Good Women in relation to its sources and other works by Chaucer. ] Next to the description of April with his shoures sote at the beginning of the essay, Canterbury Tales , probably the most familiar and best loved lines of Chaucer are those in the Prologue to the Legend of Good Women which tell of. (The entire section is 1819 words.) SOURCE: The Framework of the Canterbury Tales , in University of Toronto Quarterly , Vol. To Write In An Email Sending And Cover Letter! XX, No.
2, January, 1951, pp. 137-54. [ In the following excerpt, Clawson explains the functions of the framing narrative within the General Prologue and throughout the Canterbury Tales as a linking device. Major Change Essay! ] [The] idea of that write research proposals a pilgrimage as the occasion for the telling of major change a sequence of stories was one of the happiest devices of essayist Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Change! [Quotations are from the Complete Works edited by F. N. Robinson (1933).] The religious motive of a pilgrimage made possible the coming together on a friendly footing of representatives of many. (The entire section is 2089 words.) Charles A. Owen, Jr. (essay date 1953) SOURCE: The Crucial Passages in Five of the Canterbury Tales: A Study in Irony and Symbol, in The Journal of English and Germanic Philology , Vol. LII, No. 3, July, 1953, pp. 294-311.
[ Owen is accidental essayist renowned for the textual criticism in his works , Discussions of the Canterbury Tales, Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales and major life essay Pilgrimage and Storytelling in the Canterbury Tales. In the following essay, Owen analyzes symbolic passages in the Franklin's Tale, the Merchant's Tale, the don t send, Wife of change essay Bath's Tale, the Pardoner's Tale, and the Nun's Priest's Tale to show how they foreshadow and unify their plots. ] Chaucer's Art in the Canterbury Tales . (The entire section is 6905 words.) E. Talbot Donaldson (essay date 1954) SOURCE: Chaucer The Pilgrim, in PMLA , Vol. LXIX, No. 4, September, 1954, pp. 928-36. [ Donaldson is write research a scholar of Medieval and Old English Literature known for his translation of life Beowulf for modern readers and that write his book , Speaking of Chaucer. In the following excerpt, Donaldson analyzes the persona of the fictional Chaucer, the narrator of the Canterbury Tales, and discusses the differences and similarities between this fictional protagonist and the poem's actual author. ] Verisimilitude in a work of fiction is not without its attendant dangers, the chief of which is that the responses it stimulates in the reader may be those appropriate not so much.
(The entire section is 4159 words.) E. Talbot Donaldson (essay date 1958) SOURCE: Troilus and Criseide, in Chaucer's Poetry: An Anthology for the Modern Reader , Scott, Foresman and Company, 1975, pp. 1129-44. [ In the following excerpt from an essay originally published in 1958. Donaldson presents the theme of Troilus and Criseyde as a paradoxical statement in which Chaucer asserts both the change life essay, importance and the transitory nature of human values. ] Chaucer's longest single poem is his greatest artistic achievement and one of the send, greatest in English literature. It possesses to the highest degree that quality, which characterizes most great poetry, of being always open to reinterpretation, of yielding different meanings to different. (The entire section is 6742 words.) SOURCE: Fiction and Game in The Canterbury Tales , in The Critical Quarterly , Vol. 7, No. 2, Summer, 1965, pp.
185-97. [ In the following excerpt, Josipovici explains the function of the game motif as a method of resolving immoral aspects of the Miller's Tale and major change The Pardoner's Prologue and Tale, and as a method of essay on stefan ironic self-revelation that reveals the folly of the pilgrims .] Wherever we turn in major change life essay The Canterbury Tales [quotations are taken from The Poetical Works of Chaucer , ed. by F. N. How To! Robinson (1933)] we are faced with a conflict between the moral and the immoral, the change essay, edifying and the unedifying, the religious and write critic the secular. This conflict. (The entire section is 3818 words.) SOURCE: The Satiric Pattern of The Canterbury Tales, in Six Satirists , edited by Beekman W. Cottrell et ai , Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1965, pp.
17-34. [ Knox has written a study of irony in literature from 1500 to 1755. In the following essay, Knox analyzes the forms of essay irony in the Canterbury Tales.] Suppose we put to ourselves this question: To what extent, precisely, are the Canterbury Tales a work of satire? From one point of view we might answer the question very easily, simply by running through the Tales collecting an exhibit of disengaged passages and episodes which strike us as obviously satiric. But suppose we put the. (The entire section is 7636 words.)
SOURCE: Chaucer's Religious Tales, in The Critical Review , No. 10, 1967, pp. 18-32. [ Robinson is the noted author of Chaucer and the English Tradition and Chaucer's Prosody: A Study of the Middle English Verse Tradition. In the following essay, Robinson discusses the religious motifs used in the Prioress's Tale, the Clerk's Tale, and the Man of Law's Tale. ] Of the devotional and moral Canterbury Tales —a surprisingly large proportion of the accidental essayist, whole work—the potentially interesting ones are the Prioress's, the Man of Law's and major change essay the Clerk's; and about these three there is a deep-seatedly mistaken critical tradition, namely that they are all. (The entire section is 5505 words.) Paul Beekman Taylor (essay date 1991)
SOURCE: The Uncourteous Knights of with disabilities questions The Canterbury Tales , in English Studies , Vol. 72, No. 3, 1991, pp. 209-18. [ Taylor is the author of Chaucer's Chain of Love. In the following essay, he examines Chaucer's portrayal of flawed knighthood by analyzing the Franklin's Tale, the Physician's Tale, the essay, Wife of Bath's Tale, and the Merchant's Tale. ] Although the pilgrim-knight whom hazard honours as the first teller of write tales is portrayed by Chaucer in great detail as a warrior who serves both secular and religious causes, the major, Knight's own tale tells of knights in the service of ideals of courtesy.
Indeed, the eight tales which feature knights concern. (The entire section is 4604 words.) Carol Falvo Heffernan (essay date 1995) SOURCE: The Book of the Duchess: Chaucer and the Medieval Physicians, in The Melancholy Muse: Chaucer, Shakespeare and Early Medicine , Duquesne University Press, 1995, pp. 38-65.
[ In the following excerpt, Heffernan analyzes the narrator of the don t send a resume, Book of the Duchess in terms of life medieval concepts of depression. On Stefan! ] Comparing Chaucer's understanding of mental states, as it appears in The Book of the Duchess , with those ideas recorded in medical texts makes even more evident the human values in the poem to which generations of readers have responded. Examining Chaucer thus is not an unliterary approach. Even Robert Jordan [in Chaucer's Poetics and the. (The entire section is 5680 words.) SOURCE: The Book of the Duchess, in Oxford Guides to Chaucer: The Shorter Poems , edited by A. J. Minnis et al. , Clarendon Press, 1995, pp. 73-90. [ Minnis is life essay a scholar of Medieval Literature and the author of many notable works including Chaucer and the Pagan Antiquity and Chaucer's Boece and the Medieval Tradition of Boethius. In the following excerpt, Minnis uses historical information and analyses of verse form, rhetoric, and style to praise Chaucer's The Book of the critic, Duchess.]
Blanche of Lancaster died on 12 September 1368, perhaps of the plague. Two major monuments were constructed to preserve her memory. One was a poem by Geoffrey. (The entire section is 6265 words.) Allan, Mark and Fisher, John H. The Essential Chaucer: An Annotated Bibliography of Major Modern Studies.
London: Mansell Publishing Limited, 1987, 243 p. A descriptive guide to twentieth-century Chaucer studies cross referenced by Chaucer's titles, subjects of essay his works, and topics of studies. Hahn, Thomas, edited by. The Chaucer Bibliographies. Toronto: University of don t Toronto Press, 1983-. The definitive bibliography of major life Chaucer studies, anticipated to be sixteen volumes; to date volumes on Anelida and Arcite , the translations, scientific works and. (The entire section is 1902 words.)
Geoffrey Chaucer Homework Help Questions. Chaucer uses satire in the descriptions of the pilgrims in the General Prologue of The Canterbury Tales to reveal corruption in the Church that was prevalent in society. Many members of essay the. It was during the Middle Ages when The Age of Chaucer was important (the 14th Century). During this period, the people of England found themselves unhappy with many religious, political, and social. This is a huge question - and people have written whole books in order to answer it. I can provide you with the main points though: Chaucer considerably expanded the word-stock of English, being. Chaucer was many things in his life. Due to life, the connections of his father, he became a courtier (court worker) in the court of Edward III. On Stefan! Chaucer is believed to have studied law, but he became a.
Chaucer definitely has a negative view of religious leaders, and characterizes them as hypocrite in The Canterbury Tales. When Chaucer speaks of the Monk in the prologue, who is.
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An Experience That Changed My Life Essay | Majortests
con vietnam essay In 20000 BC, before the major change life essay, first history was recorded in writings, there had been already among people the legends and mythology about the origin of Viet nation from HUNG VUONG. These are stories on HONG BANG dynasty, offspring of dragon and fairy, bag of hundred eggs, eighteen kings of Hung Vuong dynasty, Son Tinh - Thuy Tinh's conflict, Thanh Giong's victory over accidental essayist An foreign aggressors, folk of major life, betel and areca nuts, banh chung banh day, watermelon . All these legends together can be regarded as a folk history. These historic legends were firstly collected and compiled by a resume, the contemporary authors' view. The two symbolic works of this aspect were Viet Dien U Linh by Ly Te Xuyen with a foreword in 1329, and Linh Nam Trich Quai by Tran The Phap in around end of Tran (1226), then edited by Vu Quynh and Kieu Phu in Le era (1428) with prologue in life, 1492-1493. According to one of the numerous legends concerning the how to write, origin of their state, a Vietnamese prince named LAC LONG QUAN came to major change essay, Northern Viet Nam from his home in on stefan, the sea. He married a princess from the mountain, AUCO, who is also described as the wife of life, a Northern Intruder (Chinese?), on the top of Mount Tan Vien, sometimes around 2800 BC Instead of the commonplace results of a union, the princess laid 100 eggs - when they hatched, a son emerged from a resume each of major change essay, them. Afterward, the parents separated because he was dragon from the sea, she was lady fair from the to write in an sending a resume, mountain. Therefore, the major life essay, mother led half the with disabilities questions, progeny across the northern mountains, and became the ancestors of the Muong. While the remaining fifty followed the change life, father to on stefan, the sea and became ancestors of the Vietnamese. The most valiant of the sons was chosen to be the first of the eighteen HUNG VUONG kings.
Lac Long Quan, a prince of the sea, and Au Co, a princess of the mountains, are regarded by the Vietnamese as their primal ancestors. Tai lieu tham khao: Lich su Viet Nam Trials and Tribulations of a Nation. Viet Nam has been successively known as. The new state based on major life essay the irrigation system in the region of the three rivers in Upper Tonkin must have produced excess wealth, requiring protection against predatory enemies from the exposed borders to the North and the South. Therefore the need for extensive use of bronze technology for various weaponry. By the Dong son period, the essay on stefan, kingdom of VAN LANG extended to Hunan in Southern China. The capital was moved to Vinh Phu where the three rivers - Song Da (Black River), Song Ma (Red River) and change life Song Chay meet. What led to the fall of the HUNG rulers of VAN LANG, known to us partly through the Dong son cultural remains, cannot be established by historical evidence. By 300 BC, it seems the that research, people in the region of Kwangtung and major Tonkin were divided into AU VIET, namely, Vietnamese of the highlands and LAC VIET, Vietnamese of the plains.
AN DUONG VUONG, about whom also not much is known, politically united them into accidental essayist the kingdom of AU LAC. Most scholars by now, accept that the Vietnamese are not descended from one single racial group, that they are instead a racial mixture of Austro-Indonesian and Mongolian races. The government is still very simple. Hung Vuong is the head of Van Lang. In Hung Vuong title, Vuong (a Chinese word, meaning King) is clearly to be added by later-time historians because of the concept of the major life essay, head of a state should be the King. In Muong language, there is term kun in lang kun indicating the eldest son of the first family in line of descent who ruled the Muong. When A Resume And Cover. Probably, the word Hung is the Chinese phonetic transcription of an life essay ancient Vietnamese which is that research synonymous and homonymous with kun, khun, khunzt . to address the chief of tribe, the leader. He was assisted by major, Lac Hau (civilian chiefs). Van Lang was composed of how to write, 15 bo(administrative division), and change according to sagmeister, Viet Su Luoc, these bo were originally 15 tribes. Each bo was headed by Lac Tuong (military chiefs), or according to major change, a number of legend and mythological tradition, these functionaries were also named bo chua, bo tuong, phu dao (meaning chief of don t send, tribes).
Archaeological findings indicate that the early peoples of the Red River delta area may have been among the first East Asians to practice agriculture, and by change life, the 1st century BC they had achieved a relatively advanced level of a resume, Bronze Age civilization. In 221 BC the life essay, Ch'in dynasty in China completed its conquest of neighboring states and companies that write became the first to rule over life a united China. The Ch'in Empire, however, did not long survive the death of its dynamic founder, Shih Huang Ti, and essay on stefan the impact of its collapse was soon felt in Viet Nam. Major Change Life. In the wreckage of the empire, the Chinese commander in essay on stefan sagmeister, the south built his own kingdom of Nam Viet (South Viet; Chinese, Nan Yüeh); the young state of Au Lac was included. In 111 BC, Chinese armies conquered Nam Viet and absorbed it into the growing Han Empire.
The Chinese conquest had fateful consequences for the future course of Vietnamese history. Change Essay. After briefly ruling through local chieftains, Chinese rulers attempted to integrate Viet Nam politically and culturally into the Han Empire. Chinese administrators were imported to accidental, replace the major, local landed nobility. Political institutions patterned after the Chinese model were imposed, and Confucianism became the official ideology. The Chinese language was introduced as the medium of official and literary expression, and Chinese ideographs were adopted as the written form for the Vietnamese spoken language.
Chinese art, architecture, and don t a resume music exercised a powerful impact on their Vietnamese counterparts. 39. TRUNG SISTERS. Vietnamese resistance to rule by the Chinese was fierce but sporadic. The most famous early revolt took place in AD 39, when two widows of local aristocrats, the major change life, Trung sisters, led an uprising against foreign rule. Companies Research. The revolt was briefly successful, and the older sister, Trung Trac, established herself as ruler of an independent state. Chinese armies returned to the attack, however, and in AD 43 Viet Nam was reconquered. The Trung sisters' revolt was only the first in major life essay, a series of a resume, intermittent uprisings that took place during a thousand years of Chinese rule in Viet Nam. Finally, in 939, Vietnamese forces under Ngo Quyen took advantage of chaotic conditions in China to defeat local occupation troops and set up an independent state. Change Life Essay. Ngo Quyen's death a few years later ushered in a period of essayist, civil strife, but in the early 11th century the major change life, first of the great Vietnamese dynasties was founded.
Under the astute leadership of several dynamic rulers, the Ly dynasty ruled Viet Nam for more than 200 years, from 1010 to 1225. Although the rise of the Ly reflected the emergence of a lively sense of Vietnamese nationhood, Ly rulers retained many of the how to write, political and social institutions that had been introduced during the period of Chinese rule. Confucianism continued to provide the foundation for major life the political institutions of the state. Essayist. The Chinese civil service examination system was retained as the means of selecting government officials, and change essay although at first only members of the nobility were permitted to compete in the examinations, eventually the sagmeister, right was extended to include most males. Major. The educational system also continued to essay on stefan, reflect the Chinese model. Young Vietnamese preparing for the examinations were schooled in the Confucian classics and grew up conversant with the great figures and ideas that had shaped Chinese history. Vietnamese society, however, was more than just a pale reflection of China. Change. Beneath the veneer of Chinese fashion and thought, popular mostly among the cst students disabilities, upper classes, native forms of expression continued to flourish. Young Vietnamese learned to major essay, appreciate the great heroes of the Vietnamese past, many of whom had built their reputation on resistance to in an a resume letter, the Chinese conquest. At the village level, social mores reflected native forms more than patterns imported from China.
Although to the superficial eye Viet Nam looked like a smaller dragon, under the tutelage of the great empire to the north it continued to have a separate culture with vibrant traditions of major life essay, its own. 1010. LY DYNASTY. Like most of on stefan sagmeister, its neighbors, Viet Nam was primarily an life essay agricultural state, its survival based above all on the cultivation of wet rice. As in essay, medieval Europe, much of the land was divided among powerful noble families, who often owned thousands of serfs or domestic slaves. A class of landholding farmers also existed, however, and powerful monarchs frequently attempted to protect this class by limiting the power of major change essay, feudal lords and dividing up their large estates.
The Vietnamese economy was not based solely on agriculture. Commerce and manufacturing thrived, and local crafts appeared in regional markets throughout the area. Viet Nam never developed into a predominantly commercial nation, however, or became a major participant in regional trade patterns. 1225. TRAN'S TERRITORIAL EXPANSION. Under the to write email when letter, rule of the Ly dynasty and its successor, the change life essay, Tran (1225-1400), Viet Nam became a dynamic force in Southeast Asia. China's rulers, however, had not abandoned their historic objective of controlling the Red River delta, and when the Mongol dynasty came to power in the 13th century, the armies of Kublai Khan attacked Viet Nam in an effort to reincorporate it into the Chinese Empire. The Vietnamese resisted with vigor, and after several bitter battles they defeated the write, invaders and drove them back across the change essay, border. How To. While the Vietnamese maintained their vigilance toward the north, an life essay area of equal and growing concern lay to the south. For centuries, the Vietnamese state had been restricted to its heartland in the Red River valley and adjacent hills. Tension between Viet Nam and the kingdom of Champa, a seafaring state along the central coast, appeared shortly after the restoration of Vietnamese independence.
On several occasions, Cham armies broke through Vietnamese defenses and occupied the capital near Hanoi. Disabilities. More frequently, Vietnamese troops were victorious, and they gradually drove Champa to the south. Major Change Life. Finally, in the 15th century, Vietnamese forces captured the Cham capital south of send, present-day Da Nang and virtually destroyed the kingdom. For the next several generations, Viet Nam continued its historic march to the south, wiping up the life essay, remnants of the Cham Kingdom and what email sending a resume and cover gradually approaching the marshy flatlands of the Mekong delta. There it confronted a new foe, the Khmer Empire, which had once been the most powerful state in the region.
By the major essay, late 16th century, however, it had declined, and it offered little resistance to Vietnamese encroachment. By the end of the 17th century, Viet Nam had occupied the lower Mekong delta and began to advance to the west, threatening to transform the disintegrating Khmer state into a mere protectorate. 1428. LE DYNASTY. The Vietnamese advance to the south coincided with new challenges in the north.
In 1407 Viet Nam was again conquered by Chinese troops. For two decades, the Ming dynasty attempted to reintegrate Viet Nam into what when a resume the empire, but in 1428, resistance forces under the major change, rebel leader Le Loi dealt the essayist, Chinese a decisive defeat and restored Vietnamese independence. Le Loi mounted the throne as the first emperor of the Le dynasty. The new ruling house retained its vigor for more than a hundred years, but in the 16th century it began to decline. Power at court was wielded by two rival aristocratic clans, the Trinh and the Nguyen. Change Essay. When the former became dominant, the cst students, Nguyen were granted a fiefdom in the south, dividing Viet Nam into two separate zones.
Rivalry was sharpened by the machinations of European powers newly arrived in Southeast Asia in pursuit of major change, wealth and Christian converts. By the late 18th century, the Le dynasty was near collapse. Vast rice lands were controlled by grasping feudal lords. Send. Angry peasantsled by the Tay Son brothersrevolted, and in 1789 Nguyen Hue, the ablest of the brothers, briefly restored Viet Nam to united rule. Nguyen Hue died shortly after ascending the throne; a few years later Nguyen Anh, an heir to the Nguyen house in the south, defeated the Tay Son armies. As Emperor Gia Long, he established a new dynasty in 1802. 1830. FRENCH INTERVENTION.
A French missionary, Pierre Pigneau de Behaine, had raised a mercenary force to help Nguyen Anh seize the throne in the hope that the new emperor would provide France with trading and missionary privileges, but his hopes were disappointed. The Nguyen dynasty was suspicious of French influence. Change Essay. Roman Catholic missionaries and with questions their Vietnamese converts were persecuted, and life a few were executed during the 1830s. Religious groups in France demanded action from the government in Paris. When similar pressure was exerted by commercial and military interests, Emperor Napoleon III approved the accidental essayist, launching of a naval expedition in essay, 1858 to punish the Vietnamese and force the court to accept a French protectorate. With Disabilities Essay. The first French attack at Da Nang Harbor failed to achieve its objectives, but a second farther south was more successful, and in 1862 the court at Hue agreed to change life essay, cede several provinces in companies that research proposals, the Mekong delta (later called Cochin China) to France. In the 1880s the French returned to the offensive, launching an attack on the north. After severe defeats, the Vietnamese accepted a French protectorate over the remaining territory of Viet Nam. 1854.
COLONIAL RULE RESISTANCE. The imposition of French colonial rule had met with little organized resistance. The national sense of identity, however, had not been crushed, and anticolonial sentiment soon began to life essay, emerge. Poor economic conditions contributed to native hostility to French rule. Although French occupation brought improvements in transportation and communications, and contributed to the growth of essay sagmeister, commerce and manufacturing, colonialism brought little improvement in livelihood to life, the mass of the population. In the countryside, peasants struggled under heavy taxes and essay high rents. Workers in major, factories, in send a resume, coal mines, and on rubber plantations labored in life, abysmal conditions for low wages. By the early 1920s, nationalist parties began to demand reform and write independence. In 1930 the major change life, revolutionary Ho Chi Minh formed an Indochinese Communist party. Until World War II started in 1939, such groups labored without success.
In 1940, however, Japan demanded and received the right to place Viet Nam under military occupation, restricting the local French administration to figurehead authority. Seizing the opportunity, the write, Communists organized the major life essay, broad Vietminh Front and prepared to launch an uprising at the war's end. The Vietminh (short for Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh, or League for the Independence of Viet Nam) emphasized moderate reform and national independence rather than specifically Communist aims. When the Japanese surrendered to the Allies in August 1945, Vietminh forces arose throughout Viet Nam and declared the establishment of an independent republic in Hanoi. The French, however, were unwilling to concede independence and in October drove the Vietminh and other nationalist groups out of the south. For more than a year the French and the Vietminh sought a negotiated solution, but the talks, held in France, failed to resolve differences, and war broke out in December 1946.
The conflict lasted for nearly eight years. 1954. DIEN BIEN PHU FIRST MASS EXODUS FROM NORTH TO SOUTH. The Vietminh retreated into write the hills to build up their forces while the French formed a rival Vietnamese government under Emperor Bao Dai, the life essay, last ruler of the Nguyen dynasty, in populated areas along the coast. Vietminh forces lacked the strength to defeat the don t send a resume, French and generally restricted their activities to guerrilla warfare. In 1953 and 1954 the French fortified a base at Dien Bien Phu. After months of siege and life heavy casualties, the Vietminh overran the to write, fortress in a decisive battle. After Geneva, the life essay, Vietminh in Hanoi refrained from armed struggle and began to build a Communist society. In the southern capital, Saigon, Bao Dai soon gave way to a new regime under the staunch anti-Communist president Ngo Dinh Diem. With diplomatic support from the United States, Diem refused to disabilities questions, hold elections and attempted to change, destroy Communist influence in the South.
By 1959, however, Diem was in trouble dealing with domestic opposition that led to essay sagmeister, rising unrest. The Communists decided it was time to resume their revolutionary war. 1975. VIET NAM WAR'S GRUESOME ENDING. In the fall of change life essay, 1963, Diem was overthrown and killed in a coup launched by critic, his own generals. In the major life essay, political confusion that followed, the security situation in South Viet Nam continued to deteriorate, putting the essay, Communists within reach of victory. Major Change Life. In early 1965, to prevent the total collapse of the Saigon regime, U.S. In An Email When Sending Letter. President Lyndon Johnson approved regular intensive bombing of North Viet Nam and the dispatch of U.S. combat troops into the South. The U.S. intervention caused severe problems for the Communists on the battlefield and compelled them to send regular units of the North Vietnamese army into the South. It did not persuade them to abandon the struggle, however, and in 1968, after the life, North's bloody Tet offensive shook South Viet Nam to its foundations, the Johnson administration decided to pursue a negotiated settlement. Ho Chi Minh died in 1969 (?) and was succeeded by another leader of the revolution, Le Duan.
The new U.S. president, Richard Nixon, continued Johnson's policy while gradually withdrawing U.S. troops. Accidental. In January 1973 the war temporarily came to an end with the signing of a peace agreement in Paris. The settlement provided for the total removal of remaining U.S. troops, while Hanoi tacitly agreed to accept the Thieu regime in preparation for new national elections. The agreement soon fell apart because in early 1975 the Communists launched a military offensive. In six weeks, the resistance of the Thieu regime collapsed, and on major change life April 30 the Communists seized power in Saigon. A mass exodus began. An estimated 2 million people set out by sea thus the term boat people. For every person made it to send, the shore 2 others died of starvation, drowing or murdered, raped by pirates.
The escapes continued many years afterward. Following the major, Fall of Saigon, Reeducation camps were set up by the communist government to imprison over to write in an email a resume letter 2+ million former military officers and government workers as means of revenge and repression. According to published academic studies in the United States and Europe, 165,000 people died in re-education camps due to tortured or abused. Prisoners were incarcerated for as long as 17 years, with most terms ranging from 3 to 10 years. 1976. COMMUNIST VIET NAM. In 1976 Vietnam beame a new Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.
The conclusion of the war, however, did not end the violence. Major Change Life. Border tension with the don t a resume, Communist government in Cambodia escalated rapidly after the fall of major life, Saigon, and in early 1979 the essay on stefan, Vietnamese invaded Cambodia and installed a pro-Vietnamese government. A few weeks later, Viet Nam was itself attacked by its Communist neighbor and erstwhile benefactor, China. Within Viet Nam, postwar economic and social problems were severe, and reconstruction proceeded slowly. Corruption further retarded Viet Nam's recovery. The country signed a peace agreement with Cambodia in 1991 and shortly thereafter restored diplomatic relations with China.
The United States removed a trade embargo in 1994. WHO'S WHO IN VIET NAM HISTORY? Kinh Duong Vuong reigns over the Xich Quy kingdom that spread in the North up to the Blue river; in the South to Central Viet Nam; in the West up to Sseutch'ouan; and in the East as far as the major, sea. The Hong Bang dynasty that reigns over the Van Lang kingdom situated in Tonquin and in the Northern part of Central Viet Nam. The Thuc dynasty. The Trieu dynasty. Chinese general Tch'ao To (Trieu Da) who reigns over the Nan-yue (Nam Viet) kingdom with capital at Fan-yu, subdued the Au Lac kingdom.
He founded the Trieu dynasty that reigns at Fan-yu. In Tonquin (Kiao-tche, Giao Chi), legend of My Chau and cst students with disabilities essay Trong Thuy attached to the Co Loa capital (Phuc Yen province). Trung Trac and life essay Trung Nhi. In 39, when two widows of local aristocrats, the Trung sisters, led an cst students questions uprising against foreign rule. The revolt was briefly successful, and the older sister, Trung Trac, established herself as ruler of an life essay independent state. That Research. Chinese armies returned to the attack, however, and in 43 Viet Nam was reconquered.
M t xin r a s ch n c th , Hai xin em l i nghi m x a h H ng. Ba k o oan c l ng ch ng, B n xin v n v n s công lênh n y! Foremost, I will avenge my country, Second, I will restore the Hung lineage, Third, I will avenge the death of my husband,
Lastly, I vow that these goals will be accomplished. Source: Thien Nam Ngu Luc, 17th century. Trieu Thi Trinh (225-248) aka Trieu Au, fought for Viet Nam's independence against China in 248. Defeated at the age of 23, she committed suicide. Tôi mu n c i c n gi m nh, p lu ng s ng d , ch m c k nh bi n kh i, nh u i quân Ngô, gi nh l i giang s n, c i ch nô l , ch tôi không ch u khom l ng l m t thi p ng i. I want to track storms, ride hazardous waves, hunt sharks in change life essay, the open sea, expel the Chinese invaders, restore the country, untie servitude, and never descend to don t, be someone's concubine. Source: Viet Su Thong Giam Cuong Muc. The earlier Ly and Trieu. The Ngo dynasty.
In a protracted war which ended with the celebrated battle of Bach Dang. General Ngo Quyen vanquished the Chinese invaders and founded the first National dynasty. Ngo Quyen transfered the capital to Co Loa, the capital of Au Lac Kingdom, thus affirming the continuity of the traditions of the Lac Viet people. Change Life. Ngo Quyen spent 6 years of his reign fighting the continual revolts of the feudal lords. Accidental Essayist. At his death in 967, the kingdom fell into chaos and became known as the major change essay, land of Thap Nhi Su Quan, the 12 feudal principlities constantly fighting each other. The Dinh dynasty. The most powerful of the 12 feudal lords, Dinh Bo Linh rapidly ruled out the others. He reunified the accidental essayist, country and took the imperial title of Dinh Tien Hoang De (The First August Emperor Dinh). He negotiated a non-aggression treaty in exchange for tributes payable to the Chinese every 3 years. This set the traditions with China which were to last for centuries. On the domestic front, Dinh Tien Hoang established a royal court and a hierarchy of civil and military servants.
He instated a rigorous justice system and change introduced the death penalty to serve as a deterrent to all who threatened the new order of the new kingdom. He organized a regular army divided into 10 Dao. Security and order were progressively re-established, inaugurating a new era of on stefan sagmeister, Thai Binh (peace). He was assasinated in 979 by major change life essay, a palace guard, who according to the Annals, saw a star falling into his mouth - a celestial omen heralding promotion. The heir to the throne was only on stefan, 6 years old. The earlier Le dynasty. Le Hoan dethroned Dinh Bo Linh's heir and proclaimed himself King Le Dai Hanh. He retained the capital in Hoa Luu and succeeded in warding off several Chinese invasions. With peace assured on the northern border, he decided to pacify the major life, South. Accidental Essayist. In 982, Le Dai Hanh launched a military expedition against the Champa kingdom, entered Indrapura (present-day Quang Nam) and change life essay burnt the Champa citadel. The conquest of this nothern part of the Champa Kingdom brought about a marked Cham influence on Vietnamese culture, particular in the fields of music and dance.
Le Dai Hanh devoted a great deal of energy to developing the road network in order to better administer the countrýs different regions. After 24 years of difficult rule, he died in 1005. Genghis Khan, original name Temujin (1167?-1227), Mongol conqueror, whose nomad armies created a vast empire under his control, from China to Russia. He was born near Lake Baikal in Russia, the son of Yesukai, a Mongol chief and what when sending and cover ruler of a large region between the Amur River and change life the Great Wall of in an email sending and cover letter, China. Major Change Essay. At the age of 13, Temujin succeeded his father as tribal chief. Essayist. His early reign was marked by successive revolts of his subject tribes and an intense struggle to retain his leadership, but the major change essay, Mongol ruler soon demonstrated his military genius and conquered not only his intractable subjects but his hostile neighbors as well. By 1206 Temujin was master of what to write when and cover letter, almost all of Mongolia.
In that year, a convocation of the subjugated tribes proclaimed him Genghis Khan (Chinese cheng-sze, precious warrior; Turkish khan, lord), leader of the united Mongol and Tatar tribes; the city of Karakorum was designated his capital. The khan then began his conquest of China. By 1208 he had established a foothold inside the Great Wall, and in 1213 he led his armies south and west into the area dominated by the Juchen Chin (or Kin) dynasty (1122-1234), not stopping until he reached the Shantung Peninsula. In 1215 his armies captured Yenking (now Beijing), the last Chin stronghold in northern China, and in 1218 the Korean Peninsula fell to the Mongols. Major Life Essay. In 1219, in retaliation for the murder of companies that write research, some Mongol traders, Genghis Khan turned his armies westward, invading Khoresm, a vast Turkish empire that included modern Iraq, Iran, and part of Western Turkestan.
Looting and massacring, the Mongols swept through Turkestan and sacked the cities of Bukhoro and Samarqand. In what are now northern India and major Pakistan, the essayist, invaders conquered the cities of Peshawar and Lahore and the surrounding countryside. In 1222 the Mongols marched into Russia and plundered the region between the Volga and Dnepr rivers and from the Persian Gulf almost to the Arctic Ocean. The greatness of the khan as a military leader was borne out not only by his conquests but by the excellent organization, discipline, and maneuverability of his armies. Moreover, the Mongol ruler was an admirable statesman; his empire was so well organized that, so it was claimed, travelers could go from one end of his domain to the other without fear or danger. At his death, on major change life August 18, 1227, the Mongol Empire was divided among his three sons and gradually dissipated. Companies That Write. Four of his grandsons, however, became great Mongol leaders in their own right. Major Essay. Genghis Khan's invasions were of essayist, great historical importance long after his death, for the Turks, who fled before him, were driven to their own invasion of Europe. Nam Qu c s n h Nam Ð c. ti t nhiên nh ph n t i thiên th. nh h ngh ch l lai xâm ph m. nh ng h nh khan th b i h.
Over the major life essay, southern mountains and what in an when a resume and cover letter rivers, the Emperor of the South shall reign, This was written down in the Book of Heaven. How dare those barbarians invade our soil? They will surely meet with defeat. Ly Cong Uan was a disciple of a famous monk, Van Hanh, who helped him into power in the Hoa Luu Court. Assuming the major change, name Ly Thai To, the new sovereign inaugurated his dynasty with a change of capital. According to the Annals, king Ly Thai To saw the apparition of an ascending dragon on on stefan sagmeister the site of the future capital and decided to name it Thang Long (Ascending Dragon).
Ly Thanh Tong rechristened the country Dai Viet. Ly Thai Tong, Ly Anh Tong, and Ly Cao Tong led the Buddhist sects of major essay, Thao Duong and with essay founded some 150 monasteries in the region of Thang Long. Major Change. The Ly dynasty consolidated the monarchy by setting up a centralized government and establishing a tax system, a judiciary system and a professional army. Important public works, including the building of essay on stefan, dikes and canals, were undertaken inorder to develop argriculture and settle the change essay, population. Cst Students. Vietnamese art and change essay culture thrived during the Ly dynasty. The Tran dynasty. Tran Hung Dao (1213-1300), Vietnamese general.
In 1284, Kublai Khan leads a 500,000-man Chinese army into Viet Nam. Guerrillas organized by Tran Hung Dao virtually destroy the invasion force. He is greatly credited with having repelled three major Mongol invasions. He recommended many men of great talents: Da Tuong, Yet Kieu, were credited with killing Generals Omar and Sogetsu of Yuan army. Many other intellects/ pillars of the Tran court were his former subordinates. If the Mongols are not defeated, we will not retreat. Kublai Khan (1215-94), Mongol military leader, founder and first emperor (1279-94) of the cst students with disabilities essay, Mongol Yuan dynasty in China, grandson of the Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan and his best-known successor.
Kublai Khan completed the change life, conquest of China that was begun by with essay questions, his grandfather. From 1252 to change life, 1259 he aided his brother Mangu Khan in the conquest of southern China, penetrating successfully as far as Tibet and Tonkin. Upon the death of Mangu in 1259 he became the khan, or ruler. With. Between 1260 and 1279 he succeeded in driving the Kin Tatars out of northern China and in subduing rebellious factions among the Mongols. In 1264 he founded his capital on the site now occupied by change, Beijing; it was called Khanbalik, which is romanized as Cambaluc or Cambalu. He relinquished all claims to how to write, the parts of the major change life essay, Mongol Empire outside China, consolidated his hold on China, and in 1279 established the Yuan dynasty as the successor to the Southern Sung dynasty. He undertook foreign wars in attempts to essay, enforce tribute claims on neighboring states, conquering Burma and major change life Korea.
His military expeditions to Java and Japan, however, met with disaster. His name was known all over Asia and also in Europe. Write Critic. The court at Cambaluc attracted an international group of adventurous men, including the famous Venetian traveler Marco Polo. Kublai Khan did much to encourage the advancement of literature and the arts. He was a devout Buddhist and made Buddhism the state religion, but during his reign other religions were also tolerated. Major. Bronze seal as authority emblem of Mongol officers. Princess Huyen Tran, married to the King of Champa in 1307. The marriage extended the national territory southwards with the peaceful annexation of the Hue region and at the same time inaugurated the politics and diplomatic marriage.
Le Qui Ly, founded a dynasty under his ancestral name of Ho. Under Ho, the competitive examination system for administrators was modified to demand more practical knowledge of send, peasant life, mathematics, history, the Confucian classics and literature. Legal reforms were undertaken and a medical service established. Major Change Life. In 1407, The Ming intervention provoked the fall of the Ho dynasty. During the short period of Chinese occupation that followed, the Vietnamese suffered the most inhuman exploitation. The later Tran dynasty. Le Loi, Vietnamese emperor (1428-1433), established the kingdom of Dai Viet.
He organized a resistance movement from his village and waged a guerrilla war against the China's Ming Empire. By employing a strategy of to write in an email sending and cover letter, surprise attacks targeting his adversary's weakest points, Le Loi managed to further weaken the enemy and at the same time avoid combat with the superior Chinese forces. Change Life. His enforcement of strict military discipline ensured that no pillaging was carried out by his troops in the regions under his control and this made him a very popular hero. Nguyen Trai, poet and strategist, set down the Vietnamese strategy in an essay which subordinate military action to the political and moral struggle, it stated: Better to conquer hearts than citadels. In 1426, Vietnamese finally routed the how to critic, Chinese on a field at Tot Dong, west of Hano In an life essay accord signed two years later, the Chinese recognized Viet Nam's independence, and essay questions apart from a last abortive attempt in 1788, China never again launched a full-scale assault against major change Viet Nam. Binh Ngo Dai Cao. Great Proclamation on the Victory over China, 14th Century.
Le Thai Tong, Vietnamese emperor, son of Le Thai To. His sudden death was followed by a decade of confusion marked by intrigues and plots within the Royal Court. Under his 36 year reign the country prospered as never before. Le Thanh Tong revised the fiscal system, encouraged argriculture and placed great emphasis on write customs and moral principles. A writer himself, he founded the Tao Dan Academy and wrote the first volume of national history. He reorganized army won an major change essay easy victory over the Champa army in 1471. How To. His farmer-soldiers excelled not only on the battlefields, but also in the fields where they established militarized argricultural communities wherever they went. In this way the national territory was gradually expanded southwards, until finally the Champa Kingdom was completely absorbed and assimilated in 1673. Alexandre de Rhodes, the misionary who traveled through out Asia in major change life, the 17th century. An accomplished linguist, he improvised Portuguese into Quoc Ngu, still in don t, use today, to transcribe the Vietnamese language in change, Roman letters instead of Chinese ideographs.
The Mac dynasty. Mac Dang Dung, shrewded and what to write in an email when a resume and cover letter scheming adviser at the Royal Court, seized control and found the Mac dynasty. The later Le dynasty. The Tay Son brothers. The Tay Son brothers - Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Lu and Nguyen Hue - staged an uprising against the leading Le Lords. Quang Trung (1752-1792) was born in Kien Thanh hamlet, Binh Thanh village, Binh Khe district (Binh Dinh province). In 1788, the major life essay, Qing court decided to send an how to expeditionary corps to major life essay, conquer the divided country.
Nguyen Hue proclaimed himself Emperor Quang Trung in Phu Xuan and overran the Chinese troops. A Resume. He pacified the Northern part of the major change essay, country from the Chinese border to the Hai Van pass in write, the Center and devoted his energies to national rehabilitation, administrative reorganization and economic development. Significantly, Quang Trung replaced the Chinese Han with the popular Nôm as the major change essay, official language. He died not long after 1792. Loi du tuong si (Military persuasion) Ð nh cho n ch ch luân b t ph n. Ð nh cho n phi n gi p b t ho n. Ð nh cho s tri nam qu c anh h ng chi h u ch. Fight, so our hair can grow. Fight, so our teeth can be black*
Fight, so the enemy's moral contradict within. Fight, so the enemy has no way out. Fight, because it's our birth-right. The Nguyen dynasty. Gia Long, nicknamed Nguyen Anh, founding emperor of the Nguyen dynasty. In 1778, when the on stefan, Nguyen Capital of Gia Dinh (Saigon) was seized by the Tay Son Rebellion, he was the only surviving member of the Nguyen lords. Major Change Life Essay. In 1787, he signed a treaty with France to on stefan, restore the Nguyen in power in major life essay, return for cst students with disabilities essay questions the cession port of Tourane (Da Nang) and the island of Poulo Condore. Life Essay. The promised assistant from France did not materialize. In 1801, he subdued the Tay Son with helps from the training in how to write, modern military techniques and major life Bishop of Adran.
The dynastic name Gia Long, taken from the essayist, names of the southern (Gia Dinh) and change life essay northern (Thang Long) capitals, symbolized the reunification. The new capital was place at Hue (Phu Xuan), near the to write in an when and cover, central coast. Le Van Duyet (1763-1832), regional official in South Viet Nam during 19th century. In 1799, he led Nguyen forces against major life the Tay Son at Qui Nhon. Gia Long appointed him regent of South Viet Nam including the email sending letter, authority to conduct foreign relations with Europe and other Southeast Asian nations. His attempt to prevent Minh Mang's succession to the throne when Gia Long died, earned him the major change life essay, extreme wrath of the monarch. When he died in 1832, he was post-humously convicted and his grave desecrated, leading his adopted son, Le Van Khoi, to rebel.
The revolt posed a serious threat to Minh Mang because advantage was taken of write, it by Siam sending its troops to Cochin-China. Minh Mang defeated Siamese troops and crushed the rebellion. Pierre Pigneau de Be'haine, Bishop of Adran, the Catholic missionary who first evoked France's interest in Viet Nam. Change Life Essay. He befriended a pretender to the Vietnamese throne, Nguyen Anh, who founded the Nguyen dynasty. The Bishop of Adran saw an opportunity to expand the church's influence in the post Tay Son era and negotiated a promise of military aid for Nguyen Anh from the French Government in accidental essayist, exchange for territorial and commercial rights. Prince Canh, Gia Long's eldest son, who accompanied Pierre Pigneau de Be'haine to major, the court of send a resume, Louis XVI at Versailles, where he caused a sensation. Change Life. Canh was educated at a missionary school in Malacca and converted to Catholicism which made him the with disabilities essay, first Viet prince educated by essay, Westerners.
Minh Mang, Nguyen's 2nd emperor, once prince Mien Tong, son of that write proposals, Gia Long, a gentle scholar who French propagandists of the life essay, time depicted as a cruel tyrant. A Resume. The Catholic missions had sped up their evangelization of the people provoked Ming Mang's anti-Catholic policy which ordered the prosecution of Catholic missionaries and their Vietnamese converts. The anti-Catholic policy gave French a pretext to intervene in Viet Nam. The landing of a French party in the port of Tourane, in August 1858, heralded the beginning of the colonial occupation which was to major life essay, last almost a century. Phan Thanh Gian (1796-1867).
In 1826, he earned a doctorate in cst students with disabilities questions, the civil service examaminations and entered the imperial bureaucracy. He served as a deputy chief of a diplomatic mission to major change life, China, and later was named province chief in Quang Nam and to write in an when sending a resume Binh Dinh provinces. In 1862 he was appointed to negotiate a treaty with Napoleon III following the defeat by French forces at Ky Hoa. When the French violated the pact, Phan commited suicide after pledging his sons never to cooperate with France. Thieu Tri, Nguyen's 3rd emperor, became more and more entrenched in change life essay, his Confucian doctrine, the country experienced an era of stagnancy. A Resume. The court mandarins were increasingly blinded to the development of the major change life, outside world and worse still, implemented a policy of isolation that forbade any contact with foreigners.
In 1843, When Tri began to imprison the missionaries, French government sent a military expedition to Indochina with orders to protect and defend French interests and free the missionaries. Tu Duc, Nguyen's 4th emperor, whose crass persecution of Christians in his realm provided France with a pretext to pursue its colonial encroachment in the region. The execution of a Spanish bishop in what when sending and cover letter, 1857 led to the French capture of major life, Saigon in 1859, and three years later Tu Duc was forced to cede part of Cochin China; by 1867 France had annexed all of it. Tu Duc's later attempt to play the French against intervention by China succeeded only in the French occupation of Tonkin in 1882, but he died shortly before the final reduction of his country to a French protectorate in 1883. Ham Nghi, Nguyen's 8th emperor. After establishment of French Protectorate in 1884. Brother of how to write critic, Emperor Kien Phuc, who died after a brief reign in 1884, Ham Nghi rose to the throne at the age of twelve. In July 1845 he fled the capital of major change, Hue with Regent Ton That Thuyet to launch the Can Vuong resistance movement against French occupation. With Disabilities Questions. Captured in major essay, November 1888, Ham Nghi was sent to live out his life in exile in Algeria, and died there in 1947.
Left: 18 years old portrait by M. Vuillier when he started his term as prisoner. Dong Khanh, Nguyen's 9th emperor, selected by the French to rule because of his docility. He reigned three years: 1885-1889. On Stefan. As his uncle, Emperor Tu Duc, had no children, Dong Khanh was adopted and major change life made the Duke of Kien Giang. Thanh Thai, Nguyen's 10th emperor under the French Protectorate.
A son of don t, Emperor Duc Duc, who reigned for only 3 days. He resented French domination and was deposed on suspicion of conspiracy in 1907. Major Life Essay. Exiled to the island of Reunion, he was later returned to Viet Nam. Duy Tan was son of essay on stefan sagmeister, King Thanh Thai became Nguyen's 11th emperor at 7 years old. He reigned for 9 years: 1907-1916. After France deposed and exiled King Thanh Thai, they wanted a very young succesor to easily controlled. Eventually his rebellion against the French led to his exile to Reunion Island in 1916. Right: Duy Tan as a boy.
Filthy hands could be washed, but how do you clean a filthy* country? The answer is simply to get rid of all foreign substances. (Khi tay ban thi lay nuoc ma rua, khi nuoc ban thi lay chi ma rua? Nuoc ban thi phai tim cach tru khu nhung chat ngoai lai lan vao trong do, hieu khong?) * Filthy= referring to the French colonial rulers. Khai Dinh, Nguyen's 12th emperor. Khai Dinh means auger of major essay, peace and stability. He reigned nine years: 1916-1925.
He was the son of Emperor Dong Khanh. Like his father, as French puppet, he was unpopular with the people. His unpopularity reached its peak in 1923 when he authorized the French to raise taxes on the Vietnamese peasants to pay for the building of essay, his palatial tomb. Bao Dai, last emperor of the Nguyen dynasty of Viet Nam. Bao Dai means keeper of greatness. He reigned 19 years: 1926-1945. He ruled under French and during the last days of World War II Japanese protection until forced out by the Viet Minh in 1945.
He returned in 1949 to head the life, new state of how to write, Viet Nam til 1955, set up by major change, France to rival the Communist government of accidental, Ho Chi Minh. After Viet Nam's partition in 1954, Bao Dai remained head of state in South Viet Nam until deposed by Premier Ngo Dinh Diem the following year. Thereafter he lived in exile and died in change life, 1997 (83 yo). Truong Cong Dinh, (1820-1864). Military commander of Vietnamese forces resisting the how to write critic, French conquest of South Viet Nam in change life essay, the early 1860s. Born in Quang Nam Province, he was the son of a career military officer, who was appointed commander of royal troops in Gia Dinh Province, near present-day Saigon. When the threat of French invasion loomed in the late 1850s, he helped organize military settlements (cong dien) and became deputy commander of militia forces in the region. After taking part in the Battle of Ky Hoa (February 1861), Truong Dinh withdrew his forces south of Saigon, where he launched a prolonged guerrilla resistance against essay French occupation. Ordered to desist by the imperial court after the Treaty of major change essay, Saigon (June 1962), he refused and continued the struggle. Wounded in battle in August 1864, he committed suicide. Ton That Thuyet, lanh tu phong trao Can Vuong.
Anti-French resistance leader in 19th century Viet Nam. After the Treaty of don t send a resume, Protectorate in 1884 established French control over the Vietnamese Empire, Ton That Thuyet, an influential court official, fled with the young Emperor Ham Nghi in major change life essay, the hope of launching a nationwide revolt against French rule. Send A Resume. Seeking refuge in the mountains north of Hue, Ton That Thuyet and Ham Nghi issued an appeal entitled Save the King (Can Vuong) to the Vietnamese people for support. Phan Dinh Phung (1847-1895), lanh dao cuoc khoi nghia Huong Son, Huong Khe - Ha Tinh. Cung voi Cao Thang chi huy cuoc khoi nghia chong quan Phap trong 10 nam, 1885-1895. Anti-French resistance leader in late 19th-century Viet Nam. Raised in a scholar-official family from Ha Tinh Province, Phan Dinh Phung received a doctorate in the civil service examinations given in 1877.
He served in the Imperial Censorate (Do Sat Vien), where he was noted for change essay his integrity and was briefly imprisoned in 1883 for refusing to sanction a successor to the deceased Emperor Tu Duc not designated by the emperor himself. Don T Send A Resume. When Emperor Ham Nghi issued his famous Can Vuong (Save the King) appeal in July 1885, Phan Dinh Phung responded and launched a revolt in his native province of essay, Ha Tinh. The movement quickly spread to neighboring provinces and don t lasted 10 years, despite numerous appeals to Phan Dinh Phung from colleagues who had chosen to collaborate with the major change life, French, and despite the desecration of his ancestral plot by accidental, the colonial regime. The movement was a nuisance to the French, but the rebels lacked weapons and life essay central direction from the puppet court in Hue, and shortly after Phan Dinh Phung died of dysentery in December 1895 it collapsed. Hoang Hoa Tham (1858-1913), also known as De Tham (colonel Tham), leader of Yen The Imsurrection (lanh dao cuoc khoi nghia nong dan Yen The (Ha Bac)). Holding out against French control for 30 years (da ben bi to chuc chong Phap trong gan 30 nam (1885-1913)). Pirate leader and patriot in French-ruled Viet Nam. Born in a poor peasant family in Hung Yen Province in the mid-19th century, De Tham was raised in Yen The, in the rugged mountains north of the Red River Delta, and as a young man joined the Black Flag bandit organization led by the pirate leader Luu Vinh Phuc. He became a bandit leader, stealing from the rich to help the poor. After vainly attempting to suppress his movement, the French made a truce with De Tham in accidental essayist, 1893, but the latter began to cooperate with anticolonial elements and allegedly took part in major change life, a plot to poison the Hanoi military garrison planned by Phan Boi Chau.
The French resumed their efforts to capture him, and he was assassinated by an agent of the companies proposals, French in major change, 1913. Phan Boi Chau (1867-1940), lanh tu phong trao Dong Du, 1904-1909. Founder of the anti-colonial movement in early 20th-century Viet Nam. He earned a second class degree (Pho bang) in the metropolitan examinations in in an sending a resume, 1900. In 1903 he formed a revolutionary organization called the Restoration Society (Duy Tan Hoi) under the titular leadership of Prince Cuong De.
Two years later he established his headquarters in Japan, where he wrote patriotic tracts designed to stir anti-French sentiments among the general population and encourage young Vietnamese to life essay, flee abroad and join his exile organization. In 1912 he transformed the Modernization Society into a new organization, the Vietnamese Restoration Society (Viet Nam Quang Phuc Hoi). Several attempted uprisings in Viet Nam failed. Phan Boi Chau himself was briefly imprisoned in China. On his release in 1917, he appeared temporarily discouraged at the prospects of essayist, victory, writing a pamphlet entitled France-Vietnamese Harmony (Phap-Viet De Hue) . In 1925 Phan Boi Chau was seized by French agents while passing through the International Settlement in Shanghai. Life Essay. Brought under guard to Hanoi, he was tried and convicted of treason. He spent the send a resume, remainder of his life in house arrest in Hue and died in life essay, 1940. Cuong De (1882-1951), Prince.
Member of the Nguyen royal house who took an with questions active role in major change, anti-colonial activities in French-ruled Viet Nam. A descendent of Prince Canh, the first son of founding Emperor Gia Long. Sagmeister. Cuong De is a leader of Phong Trao Dong Du (On the Way to major change life essay, the East movement), led by the revolutionary Phan Boi Chau in cst students, support of Indochinese independence from France. The organization was encouraged by the victory of Japan over essay Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, and received financial support from China and Japan. Between 1905 and 1910, it sponsored some 200 Vietnamese to companies that write research, study in Japan. Luong Van Can (1854-1927), founder of Tonkin Free School (sang lap Dong Kinh Nghia Thuc tai Ha Noi, 1907), was a Vietnamese mandarin, independence activist and major writer.
His most noted work is Nha Nuoc (The State). The school/ movement aimed to modernize Vietnamese society by abandoning Confucianism and and adopting new ideas from the West and Japan. In particular, it promoted the quoc ngu script for writing Vietnamese in place of classical Chinese by publishing educational materials and newspapers using this script. In March 1908, a tax revolt and an attempted poisoning of French soldiers in sagmeister, Hanoi were blamed on the leaders of the change life essay, school by the French. Subsequently, all the leaders were arrested and the school's publications were suppressed.
Phan Chu Trinh (1872-1926), one of leaders of Duy Tan movement (thu linh cua phong trao Duy Tan), 1906-1908. His alias is Tay Ho (West Lake). He sought to end France's colonial occupation and attaining liberation by peace, appealing to French democratic principles, international support and educating the population. On Stefan Sagmeister. His plan was to raise up the people to abolish the monarchy instead of major change life essay, drive out foreign enemy, restore nation's independence first. He asked the how to write critic, French to live up to their civilisasion mission and criticizing them for their exploitation. In 1915, as part of The Group of Vietnamese Patriots, he co-wrote patriotic articles signed with the name Nguyen Ai Quoc which Ho Chi Minh later stole it. In 1908, he was arrested and sent to Con Dao island. In 1911, he was pardoned and sentenced to house arrest.
He said I would rather return to prison than have partial freedom. He wrote 10 characteristics needed to improve the common populace 1. die for your believe 2. own a profession 3. Life. have sense of adventure travel the world 4. have the questions, spirit of caring, love and help each other 5. grow financial system through honesty 6. Essay. get rid of tradition that bankrupt poor families 7. Don T Send A Resume. innovate instead of being stagnant 8. Hard work organize over laziness 9. Self-reliance and avoid superstition 10. As political leaders, one should put the benefit of the people above all and not for personal gain. Nguyen Thai Hoc (1908-1930), leader of Vietnamese Nationallist Party (lanh tu Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang (VNQDD)) sought independence from French colonial rule from 1927 to essay, 1954. The Yen Bai mutiny was a revolt to inspire a wider uprising in an attempt to sagmeister, overthrow the colonial regime and establish independence. However, the French crushed VNQDD severely dammaged by deaths, arrests and executions. Major Change Life. Hoc was executed along with 11 VNQDD members on June 17, 1930.
Right picture: Pho Duc Chinh, the 23 years old members of VNQDD. Before he stepped up to the guillotine, he requested to face the blade. He proudly screamed Viet Nam van tue (Viet Nam forever). Ngo Dinh Diem (1901-1963). First president of South Vietnam: Oct 1955-Nov 2, 1963.
Single, roman catholic and staunch anti-communist. Don T A Resume. His domestic oppositions have been infiltrated by the communist and led to rising unrest. He was overthrown in a US-backed military coup and executed along with his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu by ARVN officer Nguyen Van Nhung, inside Cha Tam church; After the victory of major, Viet Minh at essayist, Dien Bien Phu, the Viet Minh and change China Communist gain control over entire North Viet Nam. The Viet Minh has great supports from Soviet and China: Over 3000 Chinese advisors were participated in Dien Bien Phu; French withdrawal from Indochina resulted in the 1954 Geneva Accords. On Stefan Sagmeister. Diem didn't sign the accord because he didn't agree to the terms that the country will be divided into North and South. Diem denied the ability to vote for unification of Viet Nam, he believed Ho Chi Minh and the communist could not win the election, so they will sabotage it. Never regret a non-existed general election. In his 8 years term, South Viet Nam growth tremendously in all aspects: economic, political, educational, social development which was respected internationally. THOI KY DAU TRANH GIANH DOC LOC DAN TOC.
Trai hon 1,000 nam, cac tap doan phong kien phuong bac, tu Ch'in, Han, Sui, Tang, Sung, Yuan, Ming, Manchu den China, da thay phien nhau thuoc hien muu do xam luoc va dong hoa dan toc ta. Bang nhung chinh sac ap buc boc lot namg ne, chinh sach dong hoa tham doc. Chung muon xoa bo nen van hoa lau doi cua dan toc ta, bien dat nuoc ta thanh quyen huyen cua chung. Mac du voi am muu dong hoa triet de cua ke thu xam luoc tron suot hon 1,000 nam, nhung tinh hoa van hoa, tieng noi dan toc ta van duoc bao ton va phat trien. Voi tinh than doc lap dan toc, quyet khong chiu cam tam lam no le.
Nhan dan ta da lien tuc vung day chong lai ke thu. Tieu bieu la cuoc khoi nghia do Trung Sisters, ly bi lanh dao. Dac biet, nam 938 nhan dan ta duoi su lanh dao cua Ngo Quyen danh tan quan Tang (China) tren Bach Dang River, mo ra mot ky nguyen moi - thoi ky doc lap lau dai cua dan toc. COPYRIGHT NOTICE: ALL MATERIAL AT THIS SITE IS COPYRIGHT BY VIETTOUCH, AND MAY NOT BE REPRINTED IN WHOLE OR IN PART, OR STORED, OR TRANSMITTED BY ANY MEANS, INCLUDING ELECTRONIC, WITHOUT THE PRIOR CONSENT OF THE OWNER, EXCEPT FOR THE INDIVIDUAL OR EDUCATIONAL USES. ALL COMMERCIAL USE TRANSMISSION AND REPRODUCTION OF THIS SITE IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED.
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Essay to change major
essay of explication A poetry explication is a relatively short analysis which describes the possible meanings and relationships of the words, images, and other small units that make up a poem. Writing an explication is an effective way for a reader to life connect a poem's plot and conflicts with its structural features. Critic! This handout reviews some of the major important techniques of approaching and don t send a resume writing a poetry explication, and major change essay includes parts of two sample explications. Read the poem silently, then read it aloud (if not in a testing situation). Repeat as necessary. Consider the poem as a dramatic situation in which a speaker addresses an audience or another character. Cst Students With Disabilities Essay Questions! In this way, begin your analysis by identifying and describing the speaking voice or voices, the conflicts or ideas, and change life essay the language used in don t send a resume, the poem.
The large issues. Determine the major change essay basic design of the poem by considering the who, what, when, where, and why of the dramatic situation. · What is being dramatized? What conflicts or themes does the poem present, address, or question? · Who is the a resume speaker? Define and describe the speaker and his/her voice. What does the speaker say? Who is the life essay audience? Are other characters involved?
· What happens in the poem? Consider the to write in an a resume letter plot or basic design of the action. How are the dramatized conflicts or themes introduced, sustained, resolved, etc.? · When does the action occur? What is the date and/or time of day?
· Where is the speaker? Describe the physical location of the dramatic moment. · Why does the speaker feel compelled to change life speak at this moment? What is his/her motivation? To analyze the design of the poem, we must focus on the poem's parts, namely how the poem dramatizes conflicts or ideas in language. By concentrating on the parts, we develop our understanding of the poem's structure, and we gather support and evidence for our interpretations. Accidental! Some of the details we should consider include the following: · Form : Does the poem represent a particular form (sonnet, sestina, etc.)?
Does the major change essay poem present any unique variations from the traditional structure of that form? · Rhetoric : How does the speaker make particular statements? Does the rhetoric seem odd in any way? Why? Consider the predicates and what they reveal about the how to write speaker. · Syntax : Consider the subjects, verbs, and objects of each statement and what these elements reveal about the speaker. Do any statements have convoluted or vague syntax? · Vocabulary: Why does the poet choose one word over another in each line? Do any of the words have multiple or archaic meanings that add other meanings to the line? Use the Oxford English Dictionary as a resource. As you analyze the design line by life essay line, look for certain patterns to develop which provide insight into the dramatic situation, the speaker's state of mind, or the poet's use of details.
Some of the most common patterns include the cst students with following: · Rhetorical Patterns : Look for statements that follow the same format. · Rhyme : Consider the significance of the end words joined by sound; in a poem with no rhymes, consider the importance of the end words. · Patterns of Sound : Alliteration and assonance create sound effects and often cluster significant words. · Visual Patterns : How does the poem look on change essay the page? · Rhythm and Meter: Consider how rhythm and meter influence our perception of the speaker and his/her language. Meter (from the Greek metron, meaning measure) refers principally to the recurrence of regular beats in a poetic line. In this way, meter pertains to the structure of the poem as it is written. The most common form of meter in English verse since the 14th century is what to write in an email when a resume accentual-syllabic meter, in which the basic unit is the major change life essay foot. A foot is a combination of two or three stressed and/or unstressed syllables. The following are the four most common metrical feet in English poetry:
(1) IAMBIC (the noun is iamb): an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, a pattern which comes closest to essayist approximating the natural rhythm of speech. Note line 23 from Shelley's Stanzas Written in Dejection, Near Naples: (2) TROCHAIC (the noun is trochee): a stressed followed by an unstressed syllable, as in the first line of Blake's Introduction to Songs of major change, Innocence: (3) ANAPESTIC (the noun is anapest): two unstressed syllables followed by how to a stressed syllable, as in the opening to Byron's The Destruction of Sennacherib: (4) DACTYLIC (the noun is dactyl): a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables, as in Thomas Hardy's The Voice: Meter also refers to the number of feet in a line:
Any number above six (hexameter) is heard as a combination of smaller parts; for change, example, what we might call heptameter (seven feet in a line) is what to write in an when a resume letter indistinguishable (aurally) from successive lines of tetrameter and trimeter (4-3). To scan a line is to determine its metrical pattern. Perhaps the best way to begin scanning a line is to mark the natural stresses on the polysyllabic words. Take Shelley's line: Then mark the monosyllabic nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs that are normally stressed: Then fill in the rest:
Then divide the line into feet: Then note the sequence: The line consists of four iambs; therefore, we identify the line as iambic tetrameter. Rhythm refers particularly to the way a line is major life essay voiced, i.e., how one speaks the line. Often, when a reader reads a line of verse, choices of stress and unstress may need to be made. For example, the accidental essayist first line of Keats' Ode on Melancholy presents the reader with a problem: No, no, go not to Lethe, neither twist. If we determine the regular pattern of beats (the meter ) of this line, we will most likely identify the line as iambic pentameter. If we read the major change life line this way, the write statement takes on a musing, somewhat disinterested tone.
However, because the first five words are monosyllabic, we may choose to read the line differently. In fact, we may be tempted, especially when reading aloud, to change stress the first two syllables equally, making the opening an emphatic, directive statement. Essay Sagmeister! Note that monosyllabic words allow the meaning of the line to vary according to which words we choose to major change life essay stress when reading (i.e., the choice of rhythm we make). The first line of accidental essayist, Milton's Paradise Lost presents a different type of problem. Of Man's First Disobedience, and the Fruit.
Again, this line is change life predominantly iambic, but a problem occurs with the word Disobedience . If we read strictly by the meter, then we must fuse the essayist last two syllables of the change life essay word. However, if we read the word normally, we have a breakage in the line's metrical structure. In this way, the that research proposals poet forges a tension between meter and rhythm: does the word remain contained by the structure, or do we choose to stretch the word out of the normal foot, thereby disobeying the structure in which it was made? Such tension adds meaning to the poem by using meter and rhythm to dramatize certain conflicts. In this example, Milton forges such a tension to change present immediately the essential conflicts that lead to essay the fall of Adam and Eve. The explication should follow the same format as the preparation: begin with the essay large issues and basic design of the poem and work through each line to essay on stefan the more specific details and major change essay patterns. The first paragraph. The first paragraph should present the large issues; it should inform the reader which conflicts are dramatized and should describe the dramatic situation of the speaker.
The explication does not require a formal introductory paragraph; the writer should simply start explicating immediately. According to UNC 's Professor William Harmon, the foolproof way to begin any explication is with the following sentence: This poem dramatizes the to write email sending letter conflict between … Such a beginning ensures that you will introduce the major conflict or theme in the poem and organize your explication accordingly. Here is an example. A student's explication of Wordsworth's Composed upon Westminster Bridge might begin in the following way: This poem dramatizes the conflict between appearance and reality, particularly as this conflict relates to what the speaker seems to say and what he really says. From Westminster Bridge, the speaker looks at London at sunrise, and he explains that all people should be struck by such a beautiful scene. The speaker notes that the city is silent, and he points to several specific objects, naming them only in general terms: Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and major life essay temples (6). After describing the glittering aspect of these objects, he asserts that these city places are just as beautiful in the morning as country places like valley, rock, or hill (8,10). Finally, after describing his deep feeling of calmness, the what to write in an when letter speaker notes how the houses seem asleep and that all that mighty heart is major lying still (13, 14). In this way, the speaker seems to say simply that London looks beautiful in the morning. The next paragraphs.
The next paragraphs should expand the discussion of the conflict by focusing on details of form, rhetoric, syntax, and vocabulary. In these paragraphs, the how to write critic writer should explain the poem line by line in change life, terms of these details, and he or she should incorporate important elements of rhyme, rhythm, and what to write in an when sending a resume letter meter during this discussion. The student's explication continues with a topic sentence that directs the discussion of the first five lines: However, the poem begins with several oddities that suggest the speaker is major life essay saying more than what he seems to say initially. For example, the poem is an Italian sonnet and follows the abbaabbacdcdcd rhyme scheme.
The fact that the cst students poet chooses to write a sonnet about London in an Italian form suggests that what he says may not be actually praising the city. Also, the rhetoric of the major change first two lines seems awkward compared to a normal speaking voice: Earth has not anything to show more fair. Don T Send! / Dull would he be of change life essay, soul who could pass by (1-2). The odd syntax continues when the poet personifies the city: This City now doth, like a garment, wear / The beauty of the morning (4-5). Here, the city wears the essay on stefan sagmeister morning's beauty, so it is not the city but the morning that is beautiful . The explication has no formal concluding paragraph; do not simply restate the main points of the introduction! The end of the essay explication should focus on sound effects or visual patterns as the companies that write research final element of major change, asserting an explanation. Or, as does the with questions undergraduate here, the writer may choose simply to stop writing when he or she reaches the change life end of the poem: The poem ends with a vague statement: And all that mighty heart is don t send a resume lying still! In this line, the life city's heart could be dead, or it could be simply deceiving the one observing the scene.
In this way, the poet reinforces the conflict between the appearance of the city in the morning and what such a scene and his words actually reveal. Tips to keep in accidental, mind. 1. Refer to the speaking voice in the poem as the speaker or the poet. For example, do not write, In this poem, Wordsworth says that London is beautiful in the morning. However, you can write, In this poem, Wordsworth presents a speaker who… We cannot absolutely identify Wordsworth with the speaker of the poem, so it is more accurate to talk about the speaker or the poet in change, an explication. 2. Use the in an email letter present tense when writing the major change essay explication. The poem, as a work of literature, continues to exist! 3. To avoid unnecessary uses of the verb to be in companies that write, your compositions, the following list suggests some verbs you can use when writing the change life essay explication: Example Explication Essay on COMPOSED UPON WESTMINSTER BRIDGE, SEPT. 3, 1802.
This poem dramatizes the conflict between appearance and reality, particularly as this conflict relates to what the speaker seems to say and what he really says. From Westminster Bridge , the speaker looks at London at don t a resume, sunrise, and major change life he explains that all people should be struck by such a beautiful scene. The speaker notes that the city is silent, and he points to several specific objects, naming them only in what to write and cover, general terms: Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and change life essay temples (6). After describing the glittering aspect of these objects, he asserts that these city places are just as beautiful in the morning as country places like valley, rock, or hill (8,10). Finally, after describing his deep feeling of calmness, the disabilities essay speaker notes how the major life essay houses seem asleep and that all that mighty heart is a resume lying still (13, 14). In this way, the speaker seems to say simply that London looks beautiful in the morning.
However, the poem begins with several oddities that suggest the speaker is saying more than what he seems to major change say initially. For example, the poem is an Italian sonnet and follows the abbaabbacdcdcd rhyme scheme. The fact that the poet chooses to write a sonnet about London in an Italian form suggests that what he says may not be actually praising the city. Also, the how to critic rhetoric of the first two lines seems awkward compared to a normal speaking voice: Earth has not anything to show more fair. / Dull would he be of soul who could pass by (1-2). The odd syntax continues when the poet personifies the city: This City now doth, like a garment, wear / The beauty of the morning (4-5).
Here, the city wears the morning's beauty, so it is not the city but the morning that is beautiful. The poem ends with a vague statement: And all that mighty heart is essay lying still! In this line, the city's heart could be dead, or it could be simply deceiving the one observing the scene. Sagmeister! In this way, the poet reinforces the conflict between the appearance of the city in the morning and major life what such a scene and his words actually reveal.