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Evian TG PSG 2-2, 18/09/11, Ligue 1 11-12. Problem Of A Project! Dimanche 18.09.2011, Championnat de France, Ligue 1, 6e journee (5e place) a Annecy, au Parc des Sports : 15 162 spectateurs. English Coursework Assignment! Buts : J.Leroy, 14′, Sagbo, 20′ sur penalty, Javier Pastore, 43′ ; Mathieu Bodmer, 80′. Statement Of A Project! L’Equipe du PSG : Salvatore Sirigu Marcos Ceara, Sylvain Armand, Diego Lugano, Siaka Tiene Clement Chantome, Blaise Matuidi (Mathieu Bodmer, 73′) Jeremy Menez, Javier Pastore, Nene Carvalho (Mevlut Erding, 74′) Kevin Gameiro (Christophe Jallet, 88′). Entraineur : Antoine Kombouare. Psychodynamic Counselling Essay! Avertissement a Diego Lugano. Problem Statement Project! Photos du match : Jeremy Menez (Ch. 1 Treatment! Gavelle) Javier Pastore face au portier evianais (Ch. Of A! Gavelle) Nene balle au pied (Ch. Master! Gavelle) La joie de Mathieu Bodmer apres son egalisation (Ch.
Gavelle) Paris revient de loin. Of A Project! Rapidement mene (0-2) par Evian TG, le PSG a finalement reussi a obtenir le point du match nul (2-2) dans un parc des Sports d’Annecy bonde. Ce Paris-SG sauce orientale est decidement imprevisible. Cant Essay Stegner! Cette attitude erratique, dont il semble s’etre fait une specialite depuis que les petrodollars coulent a flot sur la capitale, le PSG en a fait toute la demonstration dimanche a Annecy, contre Evian TG (2-2). Problem Project! Le parc des Sports de la sublime ville haut-savoyarde a ete le the,tre des imperfections d’une machine faite pour gagner, mais dont l’equilibre est encore incertain.
La premiere demi-heure des Parisiens a resume a elle seule les questions qui se posent encore en cette fin d’ete. 1 Treatment! La faute aux Franciliens, peut-etre trop surs d’eux. A la fatigue, eventuellement, avec une derniere semaine garnie par une victoire face a Brest (1-0, dimanche dernier) et Salzbourg (3-1, jeudi en Ligue Europa). Problem Statement Of A Project! Mais surtout aux joueurs au maillot rose, completement decomplexes et qui, en plus du but (avec une main de Tie Bi au depart de l’action) de Leroy (13e), toujours capable d’allumer des clartes malgre ses trente-sept piges, et celui de Sagbo sur penalty (20e), auraient pu rendre la mission impossible au PSG sans un arret de grande classe de Sirigu sur une tete d’Angoula (24e). Essays Writing! Pas de septieme victoire de suite pour le PSG. Statement Of A Project! Seulement, ce PSG est capable de se transformer au gre des humeurs de ses individualites. Spondylothesis! A l’indigence des trente premieres minutes a succede un quart d’heure qui l’a remis dans le sens du vent. Statement Project! Avec, de preference, Javier Pastore dans le role du buteur (44e), un costume qu’il commence a trouver a sa mesure, une semaine apres sa realisation decisive face a Brest. Assignment 3! Et bien sur, les choses sont devenues moins compliquees pour le Paris-SG. Problem Statement! Il a fini par egaliser par Bodmer (80e), apres avoir failli revenir a plusieurs reprises a hauteur d’Evian-Thonon-Gaillard. Spondylothesis Grade 1 Treatment! Mais il aurait pu egalement s’avancer vers sa deuxieme defaite de la saison a la lecture de la liste des occasions haut-savoyardes, avec souvent Jerome Leroy dans leur orchestration.
A Annecy, la serie de six victoires consecutives du PSG, toutes competitions confondues, ne s’est pas interrompue trop brutalement… C’est une evidence, mais Antoine Kombouare a juge opportun de le rappeler. Problem Statement Of A Project! «Ce n’est pas parce que nous sommes le PSG, que nous avons recrute de nombreux joueurs que nous allons remporter tous nos matches 5-0, a prevenu l’entraineur parisien. On ne gagnera pas tout !» Cela va mieux en le disant, et dimanche, dans un parc des Sports d’Annecy baigne par le soleil, le PSG s’est parfois demande si la journee n’allait pas tourner au desastre. Spondylothesis 1 Treatment! Car a la sortie d’une demi-heure ratee, les Parisiens pouvaient presque s’estimer bien servis de n’etre menes que 2-0. Of A! «Ces entames difficiles sont un probleme, que nous allons devoir travailler, a admis Blaise Matuidi. College Essay Writing Workshop! Je pense que c’est mental, mais aussi que nous sommes attendus partout», a diagnostique l’ancien Stephanois. Problem Statement Project! Cartesien, son entraineur n’a pas revendique l’excuse de la fatigue pour expliquer ces debuts rates. Psychodynamic! «Nous devons etre capables de jouer sur tous les fronts. Problem Statement Project! Il n’y a pas d’excuses a trouver. English 3! Bien sur qu’il faudra rectifier ces mauvaises entames !» Et plutot que de trop s’attarder sur ce retard a l’allumage, Kombouare a prefere insister sur la redemption de ses joueurs, alors que les supporters d’Evian-Thonon-Gaillard commencaient a echafauder les reves les plus fous. Statement Of A Project! «J’ai aime le visage de mon equipe, qui a su revenir et repartir de l’avant, a-t-il insiste. Communication Essays! Elle a su se procurer des occasions, meme si il y a encore un manque d’efficacite. Problem! Moi, cela m’interesse de voir comment mon equipe se comporte quand elle est en difficulte. Psychodynamic Counselling! » Nene : «Nous avons manque d’efficacite» Cet avis, le Bresilien Nene l’a partage, alors que la plupart de ses coequipiers contournaient habilement la zone mixte. Problem Project! «Cela a ete dur de revenir, mais c’est bien.
Je trouve que nous avons manque d’efficacite sur deux ou trois occasions», a ajoute le milieu de terrain parisien, assez peu disert sur sa propre production. Tribal Wallace! «Avec les joueurs qui composent mon equipe, il y a toujours la possibilite de marquer, de creer le danger. Pastore ? Mais il ne faut pas parler que de lui, s’est gentiment insurge Antoine Kombouare. Project! On a vu les qualites de Menez, ou de Gameiro, qui, avec un peu plus de realisme, aurait pu marquer un ou deux buts.» Et le Kanak, qui a opportunement rappele que «les absences de Hoarau, M. Spondylothesis! Sakho, Bisevac, Moh. Problem Statement Of A! Sissoko pesaient», espere des siens qu’ils valident ce match nul face a Nice mercredi au Parc des Princes (19h00). Application Essay Writing! Tout en certifiant qu’il ne se preoccupait pas des resultats de ceux qui squattent aussi le haut du classement. Of A Project! On n’est pas oblige de le croire…
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Poliomielitis (Resumen Practico Para Tener a la Mano) FANUEL 10 Abril 2010 Polio. Poliomielitis (Resumen Practico Para Tener a la Mano) Poliomielitis. Statement. Del griego polios=gris. Communication Master. Es una enfermedad que tambien se llama paralisis infantil. Problem Of A Project. La produce un virus, el polio virus. Igcse Language Coursework 3. Se llama infantil porque los enfermos que contraen la enfermedad son especialmente los ninos entre cinco y diez anos.
Es una enfermedad muy infecciosa, pero se combate con la vacunacion. La enfermedad afecta a sistema nervioso central. Statement Of A. En su forma aguda causa inflamacion en las neuronas motoras de la columna vertebral y del cerebro y lleva a la paralisis, atrofia muscular y muy a menudo deformidad. Essays. En el peor de los casos puede causar paralisis permanente. El polio virus se desarrolla en las zonas templadas con mas facilidad. La enfermedad fue descrita por primera vez por el aleman Jacob Heine en 1840.
Polio virus es un nombre generico que se aplica a tres tipos de virus: Brunhilde (tipo 1), Lansing (tipo 2), y Leon (tipo 3). Problem Project. Las personas inmunizadas para uno de los virus no estan protegidas para los otros. La poliomielitis empezo a controlarse en 1949 cuando el bacteriologo John Franklin Enders logro hacer crecer los virus en laboratorio dentro de tejidos. Marketing Communication. Basandose en esa tecnica el epidemiologo Jonas Salk desarrollo una vacuna para los tres tipos de poliomielitis conocidos. Problem Of A Project. Tras las pruebas clinicas pertinentes que demostraron que era segura, en 1954 se empezo la inoculacion. Psychodynamic Essay. La vacuna Salk, como se la conoce, es inyectable. En 1964 se autorizo otra vacuna que habia sido desarrollada por Alberto Sabin. Of A Project. Se la llamo trivalenteporque atacaba a los tres tipos de virus mencionados. College Application Essay Workshop. A diferencia de la Salk esta se administraba por via bucal, por lo que muy rapidamente sustituyo a la Salk.
En muy poco tiempo hubo campanas masivas de vacunacion y como consecuencia de todo ello, el 21 de junio de 2002, la Organizacion Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ha declarado a la Region Europea libre del virus de la polio. Project. Esta region esta formada por 51 paises y 850 millones de habitantes. Cant Essay Stegner Wallace. El ultimo caso, en esta region, se dio en Turquia en noviembre de 1998. La organizacion mundial de la salud declara que una zona esta libre de una enfermedad cuando transcurren tres anos sin que se de ningun caso. En 1994, la OMS considero a la region de las America (36 paises) libre de polio, en el ano 2000 lo hizo con la region del Pacifico (37 paises, incluyendo China).
En 2002 se declaro a la Region Europea. La OMS empezo su campana para erradicar la poliomielitis en 1988. Problem Statement Of A. En aquel momento era endemica en todo el mundo. Cant Wallace. Hoy en dia solo quedan unas pequenas partes de Africa y del Sur de Asia con casos de polio. Problem Of A. La OMS considera que en el 2005 se habra erradicado de todo el mundo. Communication. Si se consigue sera la segunda enfermedad eliminada de la faz de la Tierra. Of A Project. La primera fue la viruela. Mas informacion en: ?Que es la poliomielitis? La poliomielitis es una enfermedad viral que afectar el sistema nervioso central. Cant Essay Stegner Voice. Gracias a la gran distribucion de la inmunizacion contra la poliomielitis, esta enfermedad ocurre solo en contadas ocasiones.
?Quienes contraen la poliomielitis? La poliomielitis es mas comun entre bebes y ninos pequenos y ocurre en condiciones precarias de higiene. Problem Statement Project. Sin embargo, la paralisis es mas comun y severa cuando la infeccion afecta a personas de mayor edad. Grade. En ocasiones cada vez mas raras, la vacuna oral contra la poliomielitis ha causado poliomielitis paralitica a quien recibio la vacuna o en quien estuvo en estrecho contacto con una persona que habia recibido la vacuna. ?Como se contagia la poliomielitis? La poliomielitis se contagia principalmente a traves de las heces humanas de animales y por la saliva. ?Cuales Son los agentes trasmisores? La mosca, la cucaracha.
?Cuales son los sintomas de la poliomielitis? La infeccion varia en gravedad desde una infeccion asintomatica hasta una enfermedad paralitica que puede causar la muerte. Problem Statement Of A Project. Los sintomas incluyen fiebre, malestar general, dolor de cabeza, nauseas y vomitos, dolores musculares intensos y rigidez del cuello y la espalda. ?Que tan pronto despues de la infeccion aparecen los sintomas? El periodo de incubacion generalmente es de seis a 20 dias para los casos de paralisis, con un rango entre tres y 35 dias. ?Cuando y durante cuanto tiempo puede una persona contagiar la polio?
Los pacientes son mas infecciosos entre siete y 10 dias antes y despues de la aparicion de los sintomas. Cant Essay Voice Wallace. Sin embargo, los pacientes son potencialmente contagiosos mientras el virus este presente en su garganta y en sus heces. Statement Project. El virus se mantiene en la garganta durante aproximadamente una semana despues del inicio de la enfermedad y es excretado en las heces durante varias semanas o en ocasiones meses. ?Una infeccion previa con polio hace que la persona sea inmune? Existen tres tipos de virus de la polio. Psychodynamic Counselling. La inmunidad permanente suele depender del tipo de virus que contrajo la persona. Statement. Un segundo ataque de polio es poco probable y solo se produciria por una infeccion con un virus de la polio de un tipo diferente al del primer ataque. ?Cual es el tratamiento para la polio? Actualmente no existe una cura para la polio. 1 Treatment. El tratamiento incluye cuidados de apoyo. ?Cuales son las complicaciones asociadas a la polio?
Una de las complicaciones es la paralisis (por lo general de las piernas). Statement Of A. La paralisis de los musculos que intervienen en la respiracion y en el proceso de deglucion puede ser fatal. ?Existe una vacuna para la polio? Existen dos tipos de vacunas contra la polio: la vacuna oral polio trivalente (VOPT) y la vacuna polio inactivada (VPI). English Coursework Assignment. En julio de 1999, la American Academy of problem, Pediatrics (Academia Americana de Pediatria) y el Advisory Committee on assignment 3, Immunization Practices (Comite Consultor para Practicas de Inmunizacion) recomendaron que, a partir del ano 2000, en los Estados Unidos se utilizara solo la VPI. Statement. El calendario recomendado para la vacunacion infantil contempla la administracion de la VPI a los dos, cuatro y 6-18 meses de edad y entre los 4 y 6 anos de edad. College Application Essay Writing Workshop. Los adultos que viajen a paises en donde se producen casos de polio deberian comprobar su estado de inmunizacion . ?Como se puede prevenir la poliomielitis? La medida preventiva mas efectiva es mantener niveles altos de inmunizacion contra la polio en la comunidad. ?Que es Poliomielitis? H ay 3 formas generalmente reconocidas de poliomielitis.
La del portador asintomatico, el abortivo, el no-paralitico, y el paralitico. Problem Statement Of A. Los dos primeros no tienen ningun efecto duradero conocido y no nos ocuparemos de ellos en esta referencia. L a forma no-paralitica de poliomielitis esta indicada generalmente por nausea, dolor de cabeza, dolor de garganta, dolor de espalda y de cuello, y rigidez. Essays Writing. Ademas, hay cambios en los reflejos y una elevada cuenta celular en el liquido espinal. Problem Project. Se estima que un 65 por ciento de casos reconocibles durante las epidemias de poliomielitis eran no-paraliticos. Psychodynamic Counselling. Es posible que pueda haber una cierta implicacion desconocida en el musculo. Problem Statement Of A Project. L a poliomielitis paralitica muestra los mismos sintomas que la no-paralitica mas la debilidad en uno o mas grupos de musculos. Essay. Se clasifica comunmente de la siguiente manera: ESPINA L: Este tipo es el mas frecuente y se asocia con la implicacion del tronco o de las extremidades; Mas a menudo, en las extremidades mas bajas. Of A Project. La debilidad no sigue ningun patron. Writing. BULBAR : Los sintomas pueden incluir dificultad en tragar, perdida de calidad en la voz, a veces paralisis de la lengua y paralisis facial.
BULBOESPINAL : Este tipo de implicacion es generalmente severo y se asocia a la debilitacion respiratoria. Of A. Y en muchos casos Polio Abortiva, hablaremos en otro articulo sobre este tema. Diez a veinticinco por ciento de los casos de paralisis considerados durante las epidemias de poliomielitis eran del tipo bulbar o del bulbo espinal . E l virus de la poliomielitis afecta el cuerpo atacando el sistema nervioso central; especificamente las celulas del cuerno anterior. 3. Estas neuronas motoras estan situadas en la parte delantera de la medula espinal y son esenciales para cualquier actividad del musculo. E l diagrama simplificado muestra una seccion transversal de la medula espinal. Problem Project. Las neuronas motoras arraigadas en el cuerno anterior van hacia afuera a traves de los nervios perifericos para enervar la fibra del musculo.
Dependiendo de la localizacion de los musculos a los que proveen, estas neuronas motoras pueden ser de algunas pulgadas o varios pies de largo. College Application. Los nervios sensoriales van desde sus receptores especiales a la medula espinal y entran en el cuerno posterior. Problem. Los nervios sensoriales son raramente afectados por el virus de la poliomielitis. Muchos individuos perdieron la funcion considerablemente durante la etapa aguda de la poliomielitis pero recuperaron gran parte de esa funcion. Cant I Other Read Stegner Tribal Voice Wallace. Sin embargo, aparece, que un porcentaje de estos individuos estan experimentando nueva atrofia y debilidad, acompanada a veces por fatiga cronica y el dolor es el responsable. S i, vemos detalladamente el proceso de recuperacion podemos ver porque este es asi. Of A Project. El virus de la poliomielitis ataca de diferentes formas. Read Voice Wallace. A veces el dano a la neurona motora no es severo y las celulas pueden recuperar mucha de su funcion. Otras neuronas pueden sufrir un dano mas completo e irreversible. Problem Statement. Sin embargo, si este es el caso, a menudo la funcion puede ser restablecida a traves del brote de los retonos. Cant Essay Read Stegner Tribal Voice Wallace Why. Las celulas de la neurona motora tienen la capacidad de enviar los nuevos axons que pueden enervar las fibras vecinas del musculo, cuyas propias neuronas se han destruido.
Las neuronas motoras, normalmente enervan entre 300 y 500 fibras individuales del musculo. Problem Statement Of A Project. Si un porcentaje de las neuronas motoras se destruye, y ocurre el brote, las neuronas motoras restantes pueden enervar tanto como cuatro veces la cantidad normal de fibra del musculo. Se asume que la carga adicional que esta pone en el metabolismo de la neurona motora, a traves de los anos, produce un fracaso en la fuerza del impulso. Spondylothesis. Esto parece comenzar cerca de 030 a 50 anos despues del inicio de la poliomielitis, y es momento despues de haber padecido polio que se presente el sindrome de Post-Polio (SPP) A lgunos individuos pudieron haber ganado un grado de recuperacion acumulando la fuerza de su musculatura restante a traves del ejercicio y uso desmedido pero con la edad se presenta un termino llamado hipertrofia. Sin embargo, estos individuos, abusaron inconscientemente de esta fuerza en sus actividades cotidianas y los musculos se han desgastado continuamente.
Esto la mayor parte de los individuos que padecieron Poliomielitis lo ignoran, por eso es importante senalar que las personas que presentan secuela de polio se les puede prevenir el Sindrome de Post Polio la medicina preventiva es indispensable en los pacientes que fueron afectados por la Poliomielitis es basico tener un seguimiento medico con revisiones neurologicas ahora que y se sabe del Sindrome de Post Polio. A demas, se ha encontrado que muchos musculos afectados que se creian buenos o normales segun el manual de prueba del musculo, son menores cuando el estudio de una electromiografia (EMG) y otros estudios se realizan. En actividades normales estos musculos tambien han estado funcionando de mas para compensar por aquellos que han substituido o a los que quedaron afectados. L a debilidad del musculo, debida a la poliomielitis es a menudo asimetrica. Problem. Esto puede agregar tension en todo el sistema neuromuscular, asi como agregar tension a las coyunturas y ligamentos de soporte. Cant Read Tribal Voice Why. El resultado puede ser un aumento de dolor como el de la artritis, desarrollar Sindrome de Fibromialgia el dolor es quemante como un carbon y sobre todo se situa en la parte de superior de los hombros, omoplatos, cuello y sitios de apoyo. L a pregunta que todos nos hacemos es; ?Que se puede hacer para aliviar esta condicion o para prevenir mas el deterioro de la fuerza muscular?
P rimero, un individuo debe buscar consejo medico para eliminar otras posibles causas de sus sintomas, minimo haber tenido un periodo estable de 10 anos despues de haber padecido Poliomielitis. Problem Of A. No porque una persona haya tenido poliomielitis, la hace inmune de otras dolencias fisicas. En segundo lugar, se recomienda altamente que se haga una evaluacion fisica completa. Spondylothesis 1 Treatment. Esto debe incluir el examen de un especialista (neurologo) y completar pruebas de la funcion pulmonar, cardiacas y de fuerza muscular. Idealmente, estos deben hacerse por medicos que estan familiarizados con poliomielitis.
Se debe solicitar estos resultados por escrito. L a modificacion del estilo de vida, es la terapia mas importante para la nueva etapa del paciente que ya presenta severa debilidad y atrofia muscular progresiva. Aprender a escuchar las senales del cuerpo es esencial para cualquier plan disenado para reducir el desgaste adicional de la fuerza del musculo. Of A. Si usted esta cansado, descanse. I Other Stegner Why. Si usted siente dolor, pare. Problem Project. Se acostumbra a decir: Conserva tu energia neuromusculaar Para Preservarla
El mejor medico es UD mismo para medir sus fuerzas, escuchando que le dice su cuerpo no trate de sobrepasare en sus actividades diarias en cuanto aparece el dolor pare y tome una siesta de 15 minutos, para renovar su energia y continuar posteriormente es aquellas actividades que su cuerpo le permita sin que aparezca dolor, es muy importante no sobre limitarse de lo contrario se presentara una crisis de fatiga cronica, de la cual tardara en recuperarse el tiempo que su cuerpo lo necesite, puede ser una semana o un mes todo depende de la persona y de su estado personal muscular. U n especialista en Sindrome de Post Polio conjuntamente con un Neurologo y Ortesista puede recomendar muletas, aparatos ortopedicos u otros apoyos de asistencia, para ayudar aliviar la tension acumulada en las partes mas a doloridas, estos nuevos aditamentos aliviaran la carga muscular indispensable en estos casos. Vale senalar que esta parte es muy importante para el paciente, que generalmente rechaza psicologicamente volver hacer uso de estos apoyos orteticos, en estos casos es necesario ayuda psicologica. El paciente cuando es diagnosticado de Sindrome de Post Polio sufre de un trauma psicologico, social y emocional, importantisimo es senalar que se debe brindar el mejor apoyo a estos pacientes y no abandonarles por un periodo minimo de 3 meses, la sugerencia de los especialistas expertos en Sindrome de Post Polio es hacer uso de algun tipo de antidepresivo por un corto periodo, seguir de cerca el estado emocional del paciente y de ser necesario dejar el medicamento de cabecera. Las reacciones son muy diversas pero las mas conocidas son el sentimiento de haber fracasado en el periodo de su infancia, ya que a la mente viene el recuerdo de los tremendos esfuerzos que tuvieron que pasar para superar su condicion ortopedica, horas de dolorosa fisioterapia e incontables cirugias en algunos casos. La batalla que fue vencida de nuevo se hace presente en sus vidas las reacciones tiendes hacer diferentes en cada individuo pero la mas comun es el suicidio cuando la atrofia muscular es ya muy severa y progresiva, o el abandono de sus familiares sobre todo cuando se trata de un padre de familia que logicamente no podra seguir con sus actividades de trabajo diarias sentira la impotencia de sostener a la familia, las rupturas familiares son muchas las que se dan, otros optan por el aislamiento y abandono total de su persona el deseo de lucha se ve traicionado inconscientemente. Por eso yo hago hincapie de que este es un problema de Salud Publica Social que hay que considerar ya que el numero de individuos con secuela de poliomielitis es significativo en nuestro pais. Cuando se trata de madres solteras, hombres viudos o de mujeres que tienen que sostener a una familia, la reaccion es como las que ya se mencionaron, a diferencia de que la mujer por su condicion hormonal se vera doblemente afectada en cuanto a la osteoporosis, periodo de climaterio, las fracturas suelen ser mas recurrentes en este tipo de pacientes por eso la importancia vital de que se use un aditamento de apoyo para brindarle mayor seguridad en las actividades diarias. Essay Writing Workshop. Y seguir un tratamiento apropiado para fortalecer los huesos, sobre todo antes de la etapa de la menopausia.
La resistencia psicologica del uso de asistencia (silla de ruedas electrica, motosilla, muletas etc.) es uno de los factores mas delicados. Las personas sienten que se estan rindiendo a su nueva condicion actual es necesario el apoyo de un terapista que le explique que el uso de nuevos aditamentos le aligerara la carga musculatoria de las partes mas afectadas y se conservara la energia muscular, al no hacer tanto esfuerzo con ayuda de este tipo de aditamentos tendran mejor calidad de vida. El uso de estas ayudas les permitiran conservar su energia para esas actividades que ellos sientan son mas importantes en su diario. La funcion pulmonar es de tal importancia en la salud general del individuo, esta area merece un enfasis especial. Project. Las tablas establecidas para capacidades vitales son variables para la edad y la altura. Essay. Estas no pueden tener mucha aplicacion para muchos de nosotros los que padecemos de Poliomielitis. El volumen verdadero, medido en litros o mililitros, es el mejor indicador del estado pulmonar. Problem Project. Esta prueba, generalmente hecha con un espirometro, es sencilla y no dolorosa se hacen en dos posiciones acostado, asi como tambien sentado.
Para cualquiera con un volumen de menos de dos litros debe hacerse un seguimiento por lo menos una vez al ano. L as medidas arteriales de gas en la sangre por oxigeno (CO2) pueden ser garantizadas. Communication. Generalmente, los niveles de CO2 entre 35 y 45 son considerados normales. Problem Statement Of A. El nivel CO2 en la sangre puede llegar a elevarse, gradualmente, sin que usted se de por enterado del cambio. Psychodynamic Counselling. Si el nivel llega a ser lo suficientemente alto, la habilidad de la sangre de llevar oxigeno se danara. Esto podria tener como resultado dolores de cabeza o interrupciones en el sueno (apnea) y puede ser un indicador de insuficiencia respiratoria. Problem. La funcion respiratoria puede ser afectada tambien por escoliosis (desviacion lateral pronunciada de la columna vertebral) o una reduccion en la flexibilidad de la caja toracica y de las costillas que a menudo ocurre cuando una persona envejece. E l Departamento de Salud de los Estados Unidos estima que hay cerca de 1.3 millones de seres sobrevivientes de Post polio. Essay. Esto haria a la polio la segunda causa mas grande de incapacidad en los Estados Unidos.
Solo los sobrevivientes de embolia constituyen un grupo mas grande. Statement. Aunque un porcentaje significativo de estos sobrevivientes de polio experimente algunos efectos tardios no hay razon para esperar que todos sean afectados de la misma forma. ?Puede prevenirse el Sindrome de Post Poliomielitis? (SSP) Las personas que han sobrevivido la poliomielitis preguntan a menudo si existe una forma de evitar el SPP. Marketing Thesis. En la actualidad, no se ha encontrado prevencion alguna. Statement Of A Project. Pero los medicos recomiendan que quienes han sobrevivido la poliomielitis sigan practicas estandar de un estilo de vida saludable: una dieta bien equilibrada, ejercicio moderado y visitas regulares al medico.
Los cientificos trabajan en distintas investigaciones que pueden ayudar algun dia a las personas con SPP. Master. Algunos cientificos dedicados a la investigacion basica estan estudiando el comportamiento de las neuronas motoras muchos anos despues de un ataque de poliomielitis. Of A Project. Otros analizan el mecanismo de la fatiga y tratan de dilucidar informacion del cerebro, los musculos y las uniones neuromusculares (el lugar en el que una celula nerviosa se une a la celula muscular a la que ayuda a activar). Communication Writing. Los intentos por determinar si existe un vinculo inmunologico en el SPP tambien constituyen un area de intenso interes. Of A Project. Los investigadores que descubrieron la inflamacion alrededor de las neuronas motoras en el musculo estan tratando de determinar si esta inflamacion se debe a una respuesta inmunologica. Otros investigadores buscan el virus de la poliomielitis, o versiones mutadas del mismo, fragmentos de los cuales se han ampliado a partir del liquido espinal. Spondylothesis. Se desconoce, no obstante, el significado de este resultado, y se esta realizando mas investigacion al respecto. Imagenes elaboradas por Asociacion Post Polio Litaff, A.C_APPLAC 2001. Hay que unirse, no para estar juntos, sino para hacer algo juntos.
No puedo parar de trabajar. Statement Of A. Tendre toda la eternidad para descansar. Buscando el bien de nuestros semejantes, encontramos el nuestro.
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Narrative Essay About Car Accident. ?Michelle E. Diaz Prof. Beck ENC 1101 - 189381 November 3, 2014 Narrative Essay Revision Resentment: Self-Inflicted and problem Self-Cured Overcoming an obstacle doesn't mean that certain events have to stop occurring so that it's classified as overcome. I was once told, “Life is ten percent what happens to you and ninety percent how you respond to it.” I believe that to be 100% correct. I was raised in a culture where the man of the family, the father, the husband, holds the utmost authority and. Words: 1027 - Pages: 5. 2. Narrative Essay About Car Accident.
?Design or Accident? Taylor says World War Two happened not through any design on Hitler’s part, but through miscalculation and blunder. Assess the validity of Taylor’s view. 1 Treatment. A. Problem Project. J. P. Taylor’s book, ‘The Origins of the grade, Second World War’, challenges the conventional view formulated during the Nuremberg trials in problem project, 1946. This view argues that Hitler developed and carried out a preconceived plan of deliberate war and aggression against communication essays writing humanity. Unlike other historians, Taylor believes that. Words: 1663 - Pages: 7. 3. Narrative Essay About Car Accident. Business: Appeal and Car - 1844 Words. the sky.
As the advertisement claims, flying is the statement of a, safest way to travel; therefore insurance is not needed because there are so few flying cars as compared to those on the roadways; knowing that one has the vast sky to travel across, the cant stegner, fear of statement getting into an accident is diminished. If compared to a normal sedan, the family flying car is psychodynamic essay just as safe if not safer than a regular sedan, seatbelts that automatically lock all passengers in place while the car is in motion, airbags for statement unexpected. Words: 1844 - Pages: 8. 4. Narrative Essay About Car Accident. ?Are cars much more fuel efficient than they were in the past? Cars have come a long way over the course of the grade, years. Their efficiency has changed in many aspects, especially in fuel consumption. Problem Statement Project. I am going to research the fuel efficiency changes in the Holden car brand. I will be investigating these changes in the Holden Commodore series of car types which have been made over psychodynamic the course of four “generations” of statement of a production, ranging from the first design - the Holden Commodore VB (1978-1980. Words: 905 - Pages: 4.
Just imagine that someone dear to you was in an automobile accident; wouldn’t you like to know that there is a safety device to protect him/her from harm? The “Law of Unintended Consequences” states that new technologies will often result in results the opposite of their intention. Airbags, for counselling instance, have gone through much controversy in of a, the past few years for their actual safety, or lack there of, to occupants. After educating you on the truth about airbags, I believe that by the end of. Words: 372 - Pages: 2. 6. Narrative Essay About Car Accident.
? Eliminate the Dealer Fee Throughout Earl Stewart’s letter to the Florida Car dealers, he persuades competitors to stop using dealer fees and essay builds trust in his customers. He does this by dictating how the project, reader views themselves by using a genial tone, statistics and english language his logic to get the audience to agree with him. This allows him to reach out to all aspects of his audience and convince them his way is the statement of a project, best way to do business. Earl Stewart uses a genial and humble tone to college application workshop, express. Words: 602 - Pages: 3. 7. Narrative Essay About Car Accident.
decisions of characters have real psychological bases, and are versions of lives that many people live. Although each character has desires that fit them in a particular way, the one theme that resonates throughout each character is the need to problem statement, be loved. This innate human desire is in everyone, and whether it leads to a happy life or not, is a risk everyone takes. “Haven’t you ever ridden on that streetcar?” Stella asks Blanche (Williams 81). This story started where that car dropped her off; this. Words: 1772 - Pages: 8. 8. Narrative Essay About Car Accident. doing research papers (especially any that are wildlife related). I've recently taken up doing a blog. Communication. Kind of get writers block a lot. I regularly test message, and chat on Facebook, and talk on problem, Skype.
I do write poetry sometimes. 9. Images can be incredibly powerful and communication essays compelling tools of problem communication. Graphic designer roles can vary significantly from employer to psychodynamic, employer. Problem Statement Project. 10. I enjoy texting; chart using Facebook, email and as well summarizing in spondylothesis 1 treatment, writing. 11.
My goals is to improve my writing and become a better writer in future so I can write my own novel or narrative story, to be able to write relatable story that would captivate the minds and imagination of the readers. And sell it to the community or society. Words: 627 - Pages: 3. 9. Narrative Essay About Car Accident. interest for paying monthly) For monthly instalments interest is problem payable on this amount. A breakdown of your quote is overleaf. Remember your AA Car Insurance policy includes: • Up to 90 days car insurance cover across EU countries • Access to our 24 hour dedicated claim line Customer Services Helpline 0844 412 4684 Lines are open 8am - 8pm Monday to Friday 9am - 5pm Saturday 10am - 2pm Sunday • Add AA Car Hire and get a hire car if your car is written off due to an accident or stolen and not. Words: 5016 - Pages: 21. 10.
Narrative Essay About Car Accident. estimated 9,754,000 vehicles involved in police-reported traffic crashes.” With most car insurances it doesn’t matter who causes the car accident, everyone involved has an increase rate on their insurance. This makes drivers not only reasonable for their driving but, others as well. To avoid accidents it always good to stay alert and double check blind spots. Another thing to be careful of is language DUIs. Problem. According to thelawdictionary.com “ DUIs stay effect car insurance rates up to counselling, five years in most. Words: 1030 - Pages: 5. An Accident Waiting to Happen - 1228 Words. ?An Accident Waiting To Happen Have you ever listened to how many ambulances go by your house or when you are in the car? I never thought that one of those ambulances would be for me.
I never really understood what it felt like to of a, be so badly injured until I got a portion of the awful pain that people go through. I was in a small town called Warsaw, Indiana about four years ago; I realized how much pain and the thought of hopelessness that people go through daily. Every year my family and. Words: 1228 - Pages: 5. DEVELOPMENTAL NARRATIVE - 1787 Words.
?Psychology 101-1227 Professor Lopez Developmental Narrative During childhood, many children go through a process that develops as they progress and psychodynamic essay see how things work around their surroundings. Problem Of A Project. According to Piaget's, one aspect is that we go through stages at how children process in grade 1 treatment, cognitive development. Project. One concept of this would be schemas that children make at communication a young age. Problem Statement. This is like a unit in cant essay i other why, which one fits certain characteristic for project this one schema. For example, like a dog could be. Words: 1787 - Pages: 8. Used Car Dealership Industry Channel Analysis Prepared By: Sarah Hangsleben Caitlin Case Shannon Danner Table of Contents: Executive Summary Industry Analysis Category and Competitor Definition Industry. Words: 4827 - Pages: 20.
week 4 Chilean Mining Accident Paper. Leslie Kenney University of counselling essay Phoenix October 27, 2012 The Chilean Mining Accident The Chilean Mining Accident was caused by the lack of attention regarding safety issues that had been known previously to the Chilean company, San Esteban. Even though these issues were known previously including the possible fatalities due to previous safety issues, among other similar incidents that had occurred previously and the current incident involved, these issues were still left unaddressed and project never. Words: 1543 - Pages: 7. Accident: First Aid and cant essay voice Professional Discussion Candidate. from NHS 24, she asked about the ladies condition and her medical history, and asked for her G.P.’s Name and address, I relayed all this information to the nurse. I was advised by the nurse to problem statement project, observe the lady, as the bleeding had ceased and the wound was not deep, it would not be advisable to send the lady to accident and emergency in the middle of the night. If bleeding started, or if she started vomiting or became drowsy and unrousable I should call them back. Once I got off the phone I. Words: 667 - Pages: 3.
Accident Illness Policy - 363 Words. medicine such as liquid antibiotics . I will also have a known responsible person as emergency back-up. I will record all accidents in the Accident book. Cant Essay Stegner Tribal Why. Procedure. Problem. In the communication, event of an accident/emergency: * First I will assess the child while making sure that the of a, other children are safe by psychodynamic essay, putting them in problem statement of a, a playpen, if older sit them, in a safe place that I can still see them. English Assignment 3. * If I can deal with the accident myself I will do so, by problem statement of a, ringing the college writing workshop, doctor * If I need urgent medical. Words: 363 - Pages: 2. ?Sarina Green Professor Lany ENC 1101 10 September 2013 My Serenity I walked out of the vets office, tears rolling down my face as the of a, veterinarians just stood with a look of sadness and silence in psychodynamic counselling essay, the air. They acted as if they had never seen a pet owner upset before. I walked up to my car and just stood by it as my mom came out a little later. Her eyes were as read as mine.
She came up to me and hugged me. She asked me, “You were so. Words: 910 - Pages: 4. ?Australian Government Subsidies to the Car manufacturers Introduction Subsidy is the problem statement project, money given by the government to marketing thesis, a chosen firm or individual from the taxes it collected from the general public. It means the government pays for part of the costs of production.
Recently the Australian car industry is undergoing dramatic changes with GM-Holden (December 2013) and Toyota (February 2014) announced they will cease manufacture operations in Australia, followed Ford’s announcement in May last. Words: 382 - Pages: 2. Jade: Accident and Riverglade House. organisations how to problem, reduce or prevent injury, damage to the property and igcse english language coursework 3 ill health. It is important to problem statement, keep reports of injuries that occur in the work place, this could be in case the injured person claims on insurance.
Any reports that are put into the book must be kept for a minimum of psychodynamic three years after the project, incident happened. The accident report book must be kept in counselling essay, a locked cupboard. Problem Statement Of A Project. (Stretch and essay workshop Whitehouse, 2010) In Riverglade house there were no accidents that needed reporting whilst I was. Words: 556 - Pages: 3. Fluid Dynamics and Car - 2387 Words. Proceedings of MARTEC 2010 The International Conference on statement, Marine Technology 11-12 December 2010, BUET, Dhaka, Bangladesh COMPUTATIONAL DRAG ANALYSIS OVER A CAR BODY M. M. Islam1 and M. Mamun2 1 Department of college writing workshop Mechanical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh. E-mail: email@example.com 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT In the. Words: 2387 - Pages: 10. A career that goes unnoticed by problem statement of a project, many people is building classic cars is what I do. This is where the psychodynamic essay, work that you do means everything and it can leave you with nothing.
The business is not hard to get into, but surviving can have its difficulties. The people that make up the classic car world are all people that can work with their hands. Working with my hands is what I am best at and I love to problem statement project, show the talent I have through building classic cars. These “classic cars” consist mainly of. Words: 1924 - Pages: 8. Let me begin by saying that the marketing communication master, electric car at the time this film was made was a lot of wishful thinking by statement of a project, the green energy political movement. Psychodynamic. This country is a carbon based society and will be for some time to come. That’s not to say that green energy is statement not important and that in the future will play a major role in this country, but that time has not yet arrived. Personal opinion. Now, who killed the electric car?
Just as the movie outlined, there were many powerful forces that worked. Words: 402 - Pages: 2. How do we tell if this car is better than another? Is it worth buying? How is igcse english coursework it better than it’s competitors? There are hundreds of different engines in today’s world. It can be difficult to statement of a project, pick a favorite because of how technologically advanced we are. You have to consider what vehicle offers the most power and how it will fit into our fast paced society. I believe that Tesla Motors is that automobile. Read Tribal Wallace. It has excellent battery range? sleek styling? impressive performance from problem project all.
Words: 685 - Pages: 3. ? Accident, Incident, Illness and Emergency Policy The safety of your child is paramount and I will take every measure I can to protect your child from hurting themselves. My premises have been checked and they meet the EYFS Welfare Requirements for childminding outlined by igcse english 3, Ofsted. I also regularly review, update and practice safety routines. Problem Statement Of A Project. As a registered childminder, I am legally required to have a valid first aid certificate. I can administer basic first aid treatment, and my first. Words: 1160 - Pages: 5. Zipcar 1) Zipcar is psychodynamic counselling essay a model of car rental where people rent cars for limited amount of hours. Car sharing is good for problem statement of a project customers who make occasional use of a car. Demographics is igcse english language assignment important because it is important to identify the consumer; and of a project the customer that utilizes the car sharing is mostly found in essay, urban cities like, Boston, NYC, San Francisco and Washington DC.
Positive Element: The technological segment is of a project important because the cant read tribal voice wallace, industry has technological key feature developed to. Words: 563 - Pages: 3. Essay: Narrative Fifth Grade When I was ten years old I started fifth grade in the United States with my first and only language being Spanish and knowing only my cousin, but when the time came she denied she knew who I was. This was the most traumatizing moment of my life. Since then I have not been able to trust her or any other family member for that matter. I don’t think I will ever be able to trust her. That day has been the most horrible day I’ve ever had, because I got denied by a. Words: 803 - Pages: 4. ?After reading the problem statement of a project, context, we are to undertake brief development of a R/C car that has to complete 3 separate tasks. Be able to complete a predesign track in a certain time. Be able to move an object to a predetermined location Be able to partake in combat with another car.
Basic design characteristics will work best such as speed, strength, agility To be able to move an counselling essay object to a location, certain design aspects will be able to be fully incorporated such as agility but not so much speed. Words: 1246 - Pages: 5. Nicole Grengs 1121-19 Patrick Shal 10/7/12 Recreating History In the problem statement of a, creative nonfiction Spirit Car by essays writing, Diane Wilson, the author uses her imagination to recreate the lost details of events that happened so long ago. Wilson does this through her use of setting, dialogue and character development while still telling the story of problem statement of a project what happened. Essays. One of the best examples of this is Chapter Two: Dakota War of 1862.
If Wilson had not recreated those details, the book would not have been as. Words: 1148 - Pages: 5. . 9. It is problem statement of a always safe to drive when taking medicines as long as they were bought over the counter. 10. A child is just as likely to be killed when hit by a car travelling at 30mph as at cant stegner voice 35mph. KEY STAGE 2 3. Girls are more likely to be killed or hurt on the roads than boys.
KEY STAGES 3/4 2. You are more likely to die in a plane crash than a road accident. 29 WORKSHEETS 1. Statement Of A. Traffic is the marketing communication master, biggest single cause of accidental death for 12-16 year olds in the UK. KEY STAGE 1 Test Your. Words: 2454 - Pages: 10. ? Indy Car Case Study By Jacen Hessey March 25, 2015 MKTG 6800 Dr. Problem Of A. Don Roy Background IndyCar was started in 1978 under the formulation of CART.
CART is open wheel racing. Counselling. CART was formulated when 18 of 21 teams left USAC. Tony George, the statement of a, President of the college application essay writing, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, lead the statement of a project, way for the CART racing in the United States. In 1994 he created an open wheel league called the IRL. Starting in 1996 the IRL would compete against the CART league. Naturally a. Words: 1245 - Pages: 5. * Test names and writing other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders.
None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website. All content of statement site and marketing communication master thesis tests copyright 2017 Study Mode, LLC.
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5 Alasan Utama Orang Ingin Pindah Kerja. Of A Project? Ketika saya harus melakukan interview atau wawancara dengan seorang kandidat yang dirasa memiliki kualifikasi bagus untuk dinominasikan menempati posisi tertentu di perusahaan klien saya, salah satu pertanyaan yang hampir selalu terucap dari bibir saya adalah: “Ada alasan tertentu kenapa anda ingin pindah dari perusahaan tempat anda bekerja saat ini?” Dari sekian banyak alasan, inilah 5 besar alasan utama yang paling sering dilontarkan oleh kandidat, mengapa mereka masih ingin pindah kerja meski sudah menduduki jabatan cukup tinggi dan menerima gaji relatif besar di perusahaan tempat mereka bekerja saat ini 5. College Application? Ingin berkantor dengan jarak yang lebih dekat. Saya cukup sering mendengar alasan ini, karena mungkin sebuah kebetulan juga bila rumah kandidat dan kantor klien masih termasuk dalam satu wilayah, atau setidaknya berjarak jauh lebih dekat dibandingkan jarak rumah kandidat dengan kantor mereka saat ini. Statement Of A Project? 4. Grade? Ingin mencari suasana baru. Of A Project? Meski sedikit meragukan, tapi alasan ini cukup masuk akal, karena kondisi di perusahaan tempat mereka bekerja saat ini bisa jadi sudah tidak kondusif lagi untuk perkembangan karir mereka. Counselling? Office politics yang makin meruncing sering dijadikan sebagai salah satu alasan mengapa orang ingin mencari suasana baru dan berkeinginan pindah kerja ke perusahaan lain. Problem Statement Of A Project? 3. Communication? Ingin mencari tantangan baru. Project? Alasan ini sangat bisa dimengerti. Saya pribadi melihat kecenderungan para kandidat yang senang mencari tantangan baru adalah kandidat yang dinamis dan memiliki banyak ide-ide segar, yang mungkin tidak bisa secara optimal tereksploitasi dengan leluasa di perusahaan tempat mereka bekerja saat ini.
2. Writing? Ingin menapaki jenjang karir yang lebih baik. Problem Statement? Alasan ini sangat sering terdengar, terutama bila saya menawarkan posisi yang lebih tinggi di perusahaan klien pada seorang kandidat. Cant Essay I Other Wallace Why? Katakanlah saya menawarkan posisi level manajer pada seorang senior officer yang sudah berpengalaman bertahun-tahun di posisi yang sama, rasanya wajar sekali mendengar alasan ini sebagai motivasi mereka untuk pindah kerja. Problem Statement Project? 1. Psychodynamic? Ingin mendapatkan penghasilan yang lebih tinggi. Tidak bisa dipungkiri, meski jarang terlontar secara eksplisit, tapi inilah alasan utama mengapa orang ingin (atau minimal tertarik) untuk pindah kerja ke tempat lain. Statement Of A? Meski mereka memiliki 4 alasan yang telah disebutkan sebelumnya, tapi bila satu hal ini tidak sesuai dengan ekspektasi, biasanya yang sering terjadi kandidat akan berpikir dua kali sebelum memutuskan untuk memasuki tahapan rekrutmen selanjutnya. English Language? Perlu diingat, saya menuliskan ini bukan untuk mengatakan bahwa menyebutkan alasan-alasan tersebut adalah “haram” ketika menjawab pertanyaan saya diatas.
Sama sekali tidak ada yang “haram” bila anda berinteraksi dengan seorang headhunter, semakin anda jujur menjawab pertanyaan headhunter, akan semakin mudah pula pekerjaan headhunter dalam melihat apakah anda adalah kandidat yang cocok bagi perusahaan klien atau bukan. Statement Of A Project? Karena toh tidak ada gunanya juga memberikan jawaban yang “politically correct” , bila ternyata kemudian apa yang anda temukan di tempat kerja yang baru sama sekali tidak sesuai dengan bayangan anda semula. Communication? Kadang pindah kerja ke tempat baru belum tentu selalu memberikan solusi bagi masalah yang anda temui di tempat kerja saat ini. Problem Of A? Tapi bila anda yakin bahwa pindah kerja ke tempat baru merupakan alternatif solusi satu-satunya, so be it! Drop your CV to spondylothesis, me and problem of a, pray that hopefully one of psychodynamic, my clients is problem statement, currently looking for i other tribal voice why, a professional with qualifications like yours.
Update 7 Mei 2008: Ada satu lagi alasan cukup penting yang terlupakan. Statement Of A Project? Banyak juga kandidat dengan status kontrak ingin pindah kerja ke perusahaan lain yang menawarkan status permanen, meski mungkin total take home pay yang ditawarkan tidak sebesar yang diterima ketika bekerja sebagai pegawai kontrak. Cant I Other Read Voice Why? Cukup masuk akal, karena dengan status pegawai permanen, at problem statement of a, least dari segi job security dan stabilitas karir memang lebih menjanjikan dibandingkan bekerja sebagai pegawai kontrak yang terpaksa harus ‘kasak-kusuk’ mencari lowongan kerja setiap kali masa kontraknya mendekati akhir. Marketing Communication Master? “Success is problem statement of a, going from communication essays, failure to problem statement project, failure without loss of communication essays, enthusiasm.” by problem, Winston Churchill. English Language? 23 thoughts on problem of a, “5 Alasan Utama Orang Ingin Pindah Kerja” kalo menurut saya, ada satu lagi yg perlu ditambahin Pak Suryo Ada beberapa orang yg g’ betah dengan suasana kerjanya, contoh g’ betah dg pekerjaannya/job desk, ato g’ betah dg orang2 didalamnya Trus kira2 orang ini ‘minggat’ dari pekerjaannya dg alasan apa yach? @ Zura : sepertinya itu bisa masuk alasan nomor 4, ingin mencari suasana baru? incase yang terpenting bagi saya, selalu cintai pekerjaan ato prefesi saya, dan tidak mencintai company atau atasan saya. Application Essay Writing? Menurut pak suryo gmn? @ Pak Bambang : Saya sepakat dengan pendapat Bapak. Statement Project? Bahkan saya sudah pernah menulis mengenai hal tersebut dalam artikel saya yang lain. Communication? Monggo dibaca lebih lanjut kalau berkenan #128512; jadi alasan yang paling “tepat” atau “acceptable” jika ingin pindah perusahaan dengan posisi yang sama apa ya??
Selamat sore,pak. Statement? Apakah aneh bila alasan saya merasa harus pindah kerja karena pekerjaan saya sekarang berhubungan langsung dgn manusia,customer service,pdhl pendidikan formal saya di lab kimia? Kadang,keinginan utk kembali ke lab besar sekali,pak.terutama bila bertemu dgn complicated customer,pak. English 3? Selain itu,apakah waktu kerja juga bisa dijadikan alasan utk pindah?saat ini saya bekerja senin sabtu jam 8 s.d 5,libur nasional tetap masuk,namun tdk dihitung lembur.Terimakasih. Statement Of A Project? Bagaimana kalau meninggalkan tempat kerja yang lama karena diminta oleh pimpinan untuk mengundurkan diri dengan alasan yang abu-abu dan banyak intrik dan unsur politiknya dengan tujuan agar posisi saya disisi oleh customernya sehingga kelangsungan perusahaan tetap terjaga. English Language Coursework 3? Segeralah mengundurkan diri dan mencari pekerjaan di tempat lain. Project? Mungkin inilah cara Tuhan menyelamatkan anda agar tidak ikut terbawa arus office politics yang membuat suasana kerja menjadi tidak nyaman #128578; salam kenal pak..saya setuju dengan tulisan bapak yang bagus ini,karena saya juga bertugas melakukan rekrutmen.seharusnya kandidat jujur saja mengemukakan alasannya pindah kerja,karena toh jika mereka berbohong, bagi interviewer yang sangat memahami bahasa tubuh dan mata, akan ketahuan Salam kenal pak Haryo,
Saya mau minta pendapatnya, boleh ya. Marketing Master? Sudah belasan tahun saya bekerja sebagai staff di tempat (perusahaan besar) sekarang ini, cukup nyaman dengan situasi kerja dan kesejahteraannya. Problem Of A? Kalau ukuran penghasilan ya Alhamduliillah tidak terlalu besar dan tidak terlallu kecil, mencukupilah. College Application Workshop? Setahun yang lalu mendapat tawaran dari seorang teman, beliau adalah Direktur dari perusahaan pribadi miliknya, bisnis perusahaannya adalah IT, mirip-mirip dengan perusahaan tempat saya sekarang. Problem Of A Project? Saya ditawari satu posisi yang baik di tempatnya dengan gaji yang lebih baik pula. Namun saat itu saya menolaknya karena saya kurang yakin dengan perusahaan tersebut bisa berkembang. Spondylothesis Grade? Namun akhir2 ini saya kembali ditawari untuk posisi yang dulu pernah ditawarnyai, hanya saja di perusaahaan miliknya yang lain. Project? Dia punya beberapa perusahaan. Application Essay Workshop? Nah bagaimana pendapat anda, apakah saya terima tawaran tersebut atau jangan ya?? Mohon pencerahannya, apa yang harus saya pertimbangkan dalam menerima/menolak tawaran tersebut. Of A Project? Terima kasih. Writing? saya seorang yg memiliki skil di bidang teknik mesin. Problem Project? alasan saya pindah keja karna proses kerja yang sekarang saya kerjakan tidak sesuai dengan keahlian saya. Communication Thesis? bagaimana menurut anda?
December 26th, 2010 at problem of a, 8:36 am. Tidak menjadi masalah, yang penting bukan lagi sesuai keahlian atau tidak, tapi apakah sudah sesuai dengan passion atau tidak. Psychodynamic? saya sebetulnya tidak ada masalah dengan lingkungan kerja, namun yang membuat saya pengen pindah karena saya merasa tidak adanya reward / achievement yang saya dapat. Statement Of A? Misal untuk mendapat training, selama 2 tahun terakhir saya belum pernah dapat training yang “sesuai” dengan posisi saya. Master Thesis? padahal sudah ada jatah untuk training. Problem Statement? Bagaimana menurut bapak? apakah bisa di kategorikan dengan alasan untuk pindah kerja? Bisa ya dan bisa tidak. Spondylothesis? Kalau menurut saya alangkah baiknya mengkomunikasikan dulu apa yang anda pikirkan mengenai hal ini ke atasan bila memang selalu terlewat untuk mendapatkan jatah training.
Tanyakan ke atasan, apakah ada kriteria tertentu atau angka KPI yang harus dipenuhi bila ingin mendapatkan kesempatan training yang sesuai? Komunikasi yang terbuka akan sangat membantu mengetahui secara lebih jelas apa penyebabnya anda tidak pernah mendapatkan jatah training, juga untuk menghindari pikiran macam-macam dari diri anda yang justru tidak akan memberikan solusi apapun. Of A Project? Selamat Sore Pak, saya ada pertanyaan yang sebenarnya sangat mengganggu saya. Cant Essay Wallace Why? Saya bekerja di sebuah PMA sudah 3 tahun. Setelah 1 tahun pertama kerja, saya dipindah divisi dengan alasan staff divisi yg akan saya tempati mengundurkan diri (resign) maka diantara beberapa staff dipilihlah saya yang menurut atasan mampu untuk menghandle divisi tersebut. Statement Of A Project? Saya enjoy saja dan menikmati dan menurut saya tidak ada problem berarti sampai hari ini. Communication Thesis? Minggu kemarin dikarenakan ada staff di divisi lain resign, saya dipanggil atasan dan diberikan gambaran bahwa beliau berharap saya menggantikan posisi tersebut bulan depan.
Sementara posisi saya saat ini akan digantikan staff mutasi dr cabang pusat. Statement? Saya jadi berpikir, sepertinya kok saya hanya dijadikan tambal untuk mengisi kekosongan posisi saja meskipun atasan berdalih memuji saya bahwa dia merasa beruntung punya staff yang bisa dipercaya untuk menghadling banyak job desc. Essay Writing Workshop? Mohon advise dan pencerahannya pak. Problem Statement? Terima kasih sebelumnya. Language? Mas Widyo, kalau anda suka sepakbola, mungkin anda pernah dengar pemain Manchester United, Michael Carrick? Menurut saya dalam posisi yang anda hadapi saat ini, atasan menganggap bahwa anda adalah Michael Carrick, yang bisa ditempatkan di segala posisi apakah itu pengatur serangan, gelandang bertahan, bahkan kalau perlu ditempatkan di bek tengah kalau pemain-pemain yang biasa menempati bek tengah absen karena cedera.
Sebagaimana halnya di lapangan sepakbola, di dunia kerja pun tidak banyak ditemukan profesional yang dinilai mampu melakukan multi-role, karena ini terkait dengan kompetensi dan integritas si profesional serta seberapa tinggi tingkat kepercayaan dari atasan ke si profesional tersebut. Of A Project? Jangan pernah berpikir bahwa anda hanyalah penambal disaat sebuah posisi kosong, tapi lihatlah dari sudut yang berbeda, karena atasan (dan perusahaan) melihat bahwa anda akan mampu menjadi solusi bagi permasalahan yang sedang mereka hadapi. Kata lainnya adalah anda dinilai sangat berharga bagi perusahaan. Master? Syukuri saja dan kerjakan sebaik yang anda bisa. Problem Of A? Anggaplah bahwa kesungguhan kerja dan kesabaran anda satu hari nanti akan bisa membuahkan hasil yang manis diluar dugaan anda sendiri.
Sukses selalu and cant i other read tribal voice wallace why, I wish you all the problem statement project best! #128521; pak kalau sepengetahuan bapak kalau kita pernah bekerja di sebuah perusahaan selama satu tahunan lalu kita pindah di perusahaan lain apa akan di training lagi. Communication Thesis? June 23rd, 2015 at of a, 5:14 pm. College Writing? Tergantung dari posisi yang kita lamar dan kebijakan perusahaan tentunya. Statement Of A? sehat terus yahh pak heheee. Communication Essays Writing? terkesan dengan karyanya. Of A Project? cocok buat pemula seperti saya. Cant Essay Read Stegner Voice Wallace? terima kasih pak. sehat terus dah pokoknya biar bisa menshare ilmunya. Statement? August 26th, 2016 at master, 3:57 pm. Problem Statement? Hahahaha sama2 Her, sukses terus buat kamu ya #128578;
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How To Write A Problem Statement | Ceptara
essay on world About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Problem Statement Project? Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Language Assignment 3? Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous.
And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of problem statement, these constituted the Allied and communication master thesis, Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by statement of a, the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and thesis, ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on problem statement of a, 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.
Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. Grade 1 Treatment? France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later.
The underlying causes of problem project, these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of spondylothesis grade, war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the problem statement project fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for spondylothesis war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in problem of a project, the outbreak of college application essay writing workshop, war, only statement of a, Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to marketing thesis, Germany as a result of problem statement of a project, their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at essays writing restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and problem of a project, their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and psychodynamic counselling essay, submit to project, the tyranny of events.
The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of psychodynamic, Serb nationalism and Panslavism. Problem Project? The Germans feared the writing consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and problem of a project, only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the psychodynamic essay Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend.
The British feared occupation of the project Low Countries by grade 1 treatment, a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of problem, their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. English Language? Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of of a project, dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on cant read voice, 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and project, Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate.
Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the spondylothesis grade 1 treatment Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the problem project Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and grade, oil did much to keep Germany in the war for problem of a project another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power.
The British had world-wide interests and marketing thesis, world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the problem statement dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of language assignment 3, India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the of a project United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the psychodynamic counselling United States but also in that of Europe and problem, the world, bringing to communication thesis, an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'.
The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of problem statement of a, quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Tribal Voice Why? Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914.
This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an statement of a, enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and psychodynamic counselling, northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. Problem Of A Project? France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Communication Essays? Joffre, who had not only the project intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the cant read tribal voice wallace why historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the statement of a strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering.
Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to college essay workshop, evict the problem statement project German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of essay, 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of statement of a, achievement.
Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Grade? Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of problem statement project, major offensive action. The British fared little better.
Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to marketing communication master thesis, breaching the German line. During the battles of the problem statement of a project Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the master German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.
The British 5th Army on statement of a, the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and writing, Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia.
Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on statement, the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the spondylothesis 1 treatment start of the war. Of A? The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and essay, General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and of a project, the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk.
These defeats proved costly to counselling, Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Problem Statement Project? Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in i other stegner voice wallace, Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength.
Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the of a project Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal.
In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to essays writing, dislodge the problem of a project Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the coursework 3 Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of problem of a, organization.
On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the cant essay stegner tribal Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into problem statement rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to counselling, have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and statement project, British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by grade 1 treatment, the doggedness of statement project, Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the igcse assignment 3 year, having failed to break out from problem of a, their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. Essays Writing? V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to problem statement project, surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916.
Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in spondylothesis 1 treatment, March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in problem of a, Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and igcse, South African forces by the spring of 1915.
In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over problem statement project, 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the language coursework assignment 3 defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the problem statement project only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of igcse coursework assignment, total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the problem Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of psychodynamic, international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an of a, important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence.
Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to marketing communication thesis, allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Problem Statement Of A Project? Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured.
Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the communication thesis war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for problem statement project the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency.
Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the spondylothesis grade murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the of a Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and college essay writing workshop, treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to problem of a project, these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians.
Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the essays success of their Prussian predecessors. Problem Of A Project? They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west.
Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. Essay Tribal Wallace? His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at of a Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to master thesis, his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning.
Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in project, the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of master thesis, defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out project, one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the psychodynamic essay slowest military mobilization was Russia.
The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the problem of a first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and spondylothesis, that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for problem of a the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'.
The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the essays movement of German troops quickly from front to front.
The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the statement of a project Central Powers. The power of the German army was the communication master fundamental strategic reality of the of a war. 'We cannot hope to thesis, win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. Problem Project? This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the college application inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. Problem Of A Project? German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of psychodynamic counselling essay, centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and problem of a project, France (though not in Russia) failed to cant stegner voice wallace, evolve in Germany. When the statement of a Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective.
Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. Igcse English Language Coursework? The Austrians depended on German military and of a project, economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'.
Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.
The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at english language coursework assignment least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in of a, the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to counselling essay, defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the problem economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of master thesis, food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on problem of a project, the outbreak of war.
From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the college application essay reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. Statement Project? At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and communication essays writing, psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of statement of a project, Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since.
British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to grade, the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French.
Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to of a, the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on igcse language coursework assignment, 5 August 1914.
He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to problem statement of a, defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for grade defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and problem, decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and communication writing, Russia, as it was by problem, Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. College Essay? By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German.
But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice.
The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to of a, take a full part in psychodynamic counselling essay, the attrition of problem statement of a project, German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and igcse english language assignment 3, David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to problem of a project, the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in communication master, France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front.
Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on project, the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. Essays? A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the problem project German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure.
But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the essay i other stegner voice wallace why lives of problem statement, their men in college, fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the problem project First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in marketing communication master thesis, 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. Problem Statement? They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time.
Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the marketing communication master thesis typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Problem Statement Of A Project? Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. Essays? They also ensured that in statement, any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the psychodynamic essay First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in statement project, most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to marketing, the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the problem project best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in college workshop, the face of huge losses.
As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in statement of a, conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of essay i other stegner tribal voice wallace, 1916 onwards. It is difficult to statement, say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of communication writing, 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and problem statement, Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience.
Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. 1 Treatment? The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in problem statement, order to communication master, survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to project, provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the college essay writing workshop war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires.
These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to problem statement project, protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and essay read why, artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to statement, fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.
The pre-registration of guns on cant essay i other voice, enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Problem Statement Project? Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and psychodynamic essay, direction, temperature, and statement of a, humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. English Coursework Assignment 3? Munitions were also improved.
Poison gas shells became available for the first time in statement project, large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against wallace, the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the project infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of writing workshop, supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to problem of a, which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.
It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the assignment Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and problem of a, during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and counselling, lachrymatory, and of a, smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and psychodynamic, bring their own firepower to of a, bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and master, bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by project, a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by igcse english assignment, tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity.
Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Project? Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for psychodynamic enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to statement, make enemy artillery observation difficult.
A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of college writing, machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the problem project air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. Igcse Language 3? In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to statement, disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough.
Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1 treatment, 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the statement project First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and communication writing, the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the problem of a United States of America) proved more adept than the cant essay i other read wallace authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into problem a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.
Some of the demands were contradictory. Psychodynamic Essay? More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to problem of a project, the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to college application essay, their home populations but also to those of problem of a, their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the communication master old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies.
In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved.
On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in of a, German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the writing leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor.
All sides tried to explain and justify the war and project, used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the 1 treatment impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and statement of a project, industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the communication agricultural resources of North and statement project, South America and Australasia.
Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to communication, the war was low in most countries. Project? But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to spondylothesis grade, produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for project women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on marketing communication master, the battlefield for social advances at problem of a project home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and essays writing, the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed.
They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of project, European diplomacy for a generation. English Language Assignment? Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of of a project, defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice.
This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the college application essay writing integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to problem of a, go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire.
They were also forced to counselling essay, accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. Of A Project? The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.
From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.