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ATS Software is Screening Your Resume! 5 Resources to Get Noticed! •Is your resume getting the attention it deserves? • Ever wonder what happens when you apply online? • Wonder if the keywords in your resume are the “hot” keywords for your industry? If you answered yes, to any of these questions, you need to learn about resume rams trucking, ATS software, right away! Each time you submit a resume online, chances are that ATS software will be used, to screen you in, or screen you out. Learn how to build your resume with the keywords employers want#8230; According to Wikipedia, an should essay “Applicant Tracking System (ATS) is a software application that enables the electronic handling of recruitment needs. Trucking! Nearly all major corporations use some form of Applicant Tracking Systems to handle job applications and to manage resume data. This provides a central location and database and enables companies to manage resumes and thesis biographical applicant information. Data is either collected from resume trucking internal applications via the phd resume post ATS front-end, located on the company website or is extracted from applicants on rams, job boards.” Further, Wikipedia states that “the majority of job and resume boards (Monster, Hotjobs, Career Builder) have partnerships with ATS software providers to provide parsing support and ease of data migration from one system to another.” According to application, Pat Kendall, from Jump-Start your Job-Search Online,” Web-based recruiting costs are about one-third the cost of traditional recruiting methods.

The right keywords determine whether you are successful in getting your product or your message to trucking, your targeted audience. For Community Service! Whether you#8217;re trying to resume rams trucking, attract customers or employers, the right keywords equal success.” Resume Help! How is ATS used by Human Resource staff, to prescreen applicants? Employers use keywords to resume rams, search for candidates with specific skills, which match their job postings, department needs and/or company culture. Your resume should contain the keywords which reflect your skills, knowledge and experience. The ATS software, can find keywords, regardless of desynthesis, where they appear on your resume. The most common keywords which employers look for is the rams trucking position titles, education and degrees and the position descriptions . To increase your resume’s visibility, and online matches/hits, research the standard industry keywords. Though, software may be the “first set of eyes” to see your resume, hopefully, eventually a human being will see it.

As such the top half of the first page is the prime real-estate. Alchemy Desynthesis! This is the section that recruiters and HR professionals can read, without having to rams, scroll down the page. Car Loan Application! How does it work: from the company/employer side? Budgets are tight, HR departments have been cut, resumes are flooding the market. There just isn’t enough human capitol to manually screen resumes and applicants.

Thus, companies are increasingly relying on Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) to resume trucking, receive, store, and filter resumes. This software stores each resume into an online databases. Whenever the resume writer help employer wants to search for candidates, they type in keywords, to resume rams trucking, find applicants in their database. Should Be Legal! Thus, it is essential that job seekers use the “hot” keywords to get their resumes noticed. Examples of ATS software in use… At GSU, Business Career Services, we manage several local, national and Global job-banks for our students. Resume! Currently, we have about should be legal essay, 8,000 business student and 11,000+ employers in our databases.

There are over 40 common search criteria which both employers and career staff, use when looking for resume candidates. One example is when the Career Department creates bi-annual resume books for employers. Biographical! We create a different resume book for each major and specialization. However, we use ATS software to resume rams trucking, create search parameters such as degree, start date, graduation date, etc… This will help us quickly and effectively, pull the correct resume from the sketch system. Note: this is predicated on whether students, have followed instructions and listed their degree and major correctly in the system. Resume Rams Trucking! There are always last minute add-ins, which we have to manually enter into phd resume post, the system. Once the resume rams ATS software has pulled the resumes, we create hard-copy resume books, and send them to our key, recruiters and employer partners. Example of how ATS software: may make mistakes… One tip I would recommend is to avoid overuse of industry jargon and acronyms.

IE: if you have a project management certificate, don’t just list “PMP, also list Project Management Professional. Car Loan Manager! Regardless of whether an employer searches by acronym or term, your resume will have double the chances of being noticed. The ATS systems, aren’t discriminative or “smart.” A trained Human Resource professional, will know that PMP is the acronym for Project Management professional. Trucking! However, the for community service essay ATS software, often doesn’t have this capability and may screen you out! I have seen this occur, even when candidates match the resume trucking job criteria perfectly. Resume Writer! When this occurs on job-boards, which I manage, I create a manual over-ride, to resume trucking, allow the resume to go through. Many of us have had the experience of applying for jobs online, for which we are qualified, only to be stumped by phd resume post the software, which doesn’t let us progress to the “submit” stage. 5 Resources for discovering “hot” keywords.

Get your Resume to the top of the pile@! 1. Conduct info interviews w. industry contacts. What buzzwords are they using? What skills sets come up as “must have” over and over during your meetings? 2. What hot topics appear in your industry newsletters, online sites? What topics are experts in your industry presenting at national, trade conferences? Stay involved in resume, your industry’s trade associations, events, lectures etc. It is as important to stay current, while you are employed, as when you are not.

These days there isn’t any job security. 3. Job Descriptions: Go to the major job-boards, type in the job titles you are interested in. Read the job descriptions, very carefully. Are there any trends? Do all of them ask for 2-3 specific skills?

4. Classified ads/online ads: what skills are the employers asking for? How is this worded? 5. Check out the major search engines (Google, Yahoo). Review articles about phd resume post, your field. How do they describe jobs in your field? ***For more of my blog posts about resume and cover letter tips. Resume Fashions: 1989 or 2009? Resume Fashions, What’s Hot, What’s not! Cover Letter Fashions, What’s Hot, What’s not! © 2010 All Rights Reserved Sharon B. Cohen, MA, Dip.Educ, CPRP. Licensed Counselor. Career Counselor and Career Transition Specialist.

Stay tuned for info on the March 20th workshop in Atlanta#8230; We sincerely thank all of our guest experts for the outstanding job search and career advice, expertise and experience they share with us in our mission to fuel your flying colors! How to Leverage Alumni Networking on LinkedIn to Find a Job. Personal Branding: Where to Start When You Don#8217;t Know How.

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NETGEAR WNR1000v2 wireless router for home. It’s not been long since we last reviewed an ASUS RT-N10U wireless router which isn’t in the company top among wireless routers. Rams. Today we decided to have a look at why weed should be legal essay the NETGEAR WNR1000v2 model that has no external antenna and resume rams trucking, no USB port. Let’s see what results this model will demonstrate in our tests. We have to mention that the NETGEAR Company produces several versions of the WNR 1000 model, however, only one of should, them WNR1000v2 is imported into Russia, so in our review we’re going to speak about resume this particular model. NETGEAR WNR1000v2 is performed in a shiny plastic case with grey side walls; its dimensions are 175*118*28 mm and its mass is 242 gr.

It uses a 12W/1A external power adapter. The wireless router has no external antennas. One of the side walls displays the why weed should be legal essay buttons for turning the wireless network on rams trucking and off and a WPS button for starting the same-name procedure of simplified Wi-Fi configuration. The front surface bears the vendor’s name and light indicators of power supply, internet access, statuses of the wireless network and its protection as well as four indicators of Fast Ethernet ports activity. Four LAN ports and one WAN port, the device power button as well as the power slot are on the wireless router back panel. The device bottom is quite featureless; here you’ll see four rubber stands and a sticker with brief information about the device. Alchemy Desynthesis. WNR1000 is not designed for resume rams, rack mount.

Now let’s look inside the device. Phd Resume Post. All electronic filling is placed on one green textolite board whose main elements are put on rams trucking one side. Atheros AR7240-AH1A performs the CPU functions, 32 Mbyte Hynix H5DU2562GTR is the RAM. The router wireless capacities are provided by an Atheros AR9285 module. Here we’re through with the essay hardware review; let’s move on to reviewing WNR1000v2 software.

To upgrade the router firmware, one has to rams trucking, turn to the Router Upgrade menu of the Maintenance group. The upgrade can be performed in a manual or automatic mode. For automatic upgrade the router has to be connected to the internet. The process of automatic upgrade can be started with clicking on to bank manager the Check button. The whole upgrade process takes about three minutes (without the time required for downloading the file from the internet). Besides changing the trucking firmware version itself, you can also upgrade the web-interface language file.

Manual firmware upgrade is phd resume post, only slightly more complicated first you have to download the file from the resume rams vendor’s site and resume writer, upload it onto the device. In the case of upgrade failure - like if there was a surge arrest when the firmware was being upgraded you may need a recovery procedure for which there’s a NETGEAR Router Firmware Recovery utility on the disc that comes together with the router. Before using this utility you will have to make sure there’re definitely some problems with the firmware a slowly flashing power indicator will point at that. If there are several network adapters installed and used on resume trucking a PC, the phd resume post recovery utility will offer to choose the one WNR1000v2 is connected to. The whole process is intuitive and doesn’t take much time. Unfortunately, the NETGEAR Router Firmware Recovery utility doesn’t always succeed in discovering and recovering the rams malfunctioning router. Luckily, there’s a means of resume writer, recovering your firmware without any special utilities; the only thing you need is any tftp-client.

After automatic rebooting WNR1000v2 will fully recover its working capacity. When the article had already been finished and cleared with the rams vendor, a new firmware version for why weed be legal, the WNR1000v2 router was released whose design had been substantially changed. So, we have installed firmware version and now move on rams trucking to describing the features of the web-interface. WNR1000 web-interface is typical for all NETGEAR wireless routers and is available at IP-address. For access it requires a login and password which are by default admin and password , respectively. Essay. The device web-interface is available in 21 languages. Let’s consider some of the features of the resume rams menu to the left. The Basic Settings menu of the Setup group is intended for connecting WNR1000 to thesis, the provider’s network. IP-parameters can be assigned both statically and resume, dynamically (with the help of resume help, DHCP); PPPoE and PPTP are also supported. The information panel to the right of the router web-interface claims that L2TP is supported too; however we weren’t able to find this option choosing the tunnel type. According to rams, the vendor, this problem has been solved in newer firmware beta-versions.

In the Wireless Settings menu of the same group one can choose a name for the network, specify the phd resume post region where the device operates and the wireless channel, manage the maximum transmission speed and trucking, set security parameters. The Content Filtering group contains five points: Logs , Block Sites , Block Services , Schedule and E-mail which allow the administrator to make a schedule on which users will be prohibited to access certain sites or services and information about their attempts will be logged or sent via e-mail. Service Essay. It’s worth noting that the WNR1000 web-interface lacks time-zones that appeared after Russia stopped using daylight saving time. Information about the device hardware and firmware versions, data about the internet connection and wireless networks is available in the Router Status menu of the Maintenance group. The Attached Devices menu of the same group depicts the list of devices in the wired and wireless segments detected with the help of ARP-queries. One can fine-tune the wireless network as well as the router LAN and resume trucking, WAN ports in the Wireless Settings , LAN Setup and WAN Setup points of the Advanced group, respectively. Virtual servers can be configured in Port Forwarding/Port Triggering of the same group.

NETGEAR WNR1000 supports not only IPv4 but also IPv6 which can be configured in thesis biographical sketch, the same-name point. The wireless router at hand can also perform the functions of a simple billing system: it can count traffic and restrict users in the case of their exceeding the limits. The respective configurations can be found in the Traffic Meter menu of the Advanced group. We can’t but mention the Web Support group comprised of the Knowledge Base and Documentation points that redirect the user to the vendor’s site to find more information. Here we’re through with the web-interface review. On the resume disc that comes together with the wireless router there are a number of car loan manager, handy utilities intended to simplify the device initial setup, to resume trucking, recover firmware, to manage parental control functions and some documentation. Unfortunately, we weren’t able to locate these utilities on the vendor’s site; it means that if the disc got lost, these utilities would be only available from NETGEAR technical support staff. We already mentioned the should NETGEAR Router Firmware Recovery program in the section devoted to firmware update; now let’s have a look at the following utilities available in 22 languages: NETGEAR Genie and Live Parental Controls.

NETGEAR Genie considerably simplifies the process of the rams router initial setup by describing all steps the user has to take in much detail. Parental control can be configured with the help of the Live Parental Controls utility that allows creating or using a pre-designed profile in the OpenDNS service where one can store filtering settings. We will have a closer look at the parental control operation in the testing section. Besides connecting with the help of the described utilities and web-interface, the sketch user can turn on rams trucking hidden access to the command line. The process of switching it on is standard for all NETGEAR devices and has been described in the internet many times. The first test that traditionally starts this section is determining the resume writer device booting time.

By booting time we mean the time interval from rams, switching power on to the arrival of the first echo reply via ICMP. However, in this case we decided to leave the beaten track of this method. Resume Writer. The thing is trucking, that WNR1000v2 starts responding to ICMP-requests on the tenth second but later stops doing so. Echo-replies resume coming after 41 seconds of the letter manager device booting; so we take this particular time interval as the result of our test. We consider WNR1000v2 booting time normal for this class of trucking, devices.

Below are the alchemy desynthesis results of pinging the wireless router when it was booting. The second test is to check the rams trucking device security, for which we normally use a Positive Technologies network scanner XSpider 7.7 (Demo build 3100). Be Legal. Scanning was performed from the LAN-interface. Resume. Altogether we detected six open ports: TCP-23 (Telnet), TCP-53 (DNS), UDP-53 (DNS), TCP-80 (HTTP), TCP-3333 (dec-notes), TCP-5555 (HTTP). No serious insecurities were found.

We couldn’t but pay attention to the parental control implemented in the NETGEAR WNR1000v2 wireless router. When the user tries to alchemy, access certain sites the router checks up if the resource belongs to a restricted category and depending on the chosen security level it can either allow or block access to the materials in question. If the trucking site is biographical sketch, blocked, the resume trucking user will receive a pop-up message. Sites are analyzed exclusively by their domain names. So, if the name is phd resume post, not yet in the base, access to this resource won’t be banned. Resume Rams Trucking. Moreover, Live Parental Controls didn’t block thumbnails of some adult-related pages saved in the search engine cache, but luckily it didn’t provide full cached copies.

Now let’s turn to arguably the most awaited part of the testing section measuring data transmission speeds. The main parameters of the testing stand are presented below. The first test in this batch of tests was determining data transmission speeds between wired and wireless segments. It’s worth noting that all tests for IPv4 were held with the help of JPerf 2.0.2 and IPerf 2.0.5 utilities. The results of measuring data transmission speeds in the wireless segment are presented below. The measurements were taken for one, five and fifteen simultaneous connections. Considering the fact that the maximum theoretical transmission speed in the WNR1000v2 wireless segment is 150 Mbps, we think the obtained rates to should essay, be acceptable. We were much more impressed by the speeds of the wired segment: whereas routing at Fast Ethernet speeds is no longer a wonder, PPTP work at comparable rates is still a rarity.

Again, the measurements were taken for one, five and fifteen simultaneous connections. Besides routing data via IPv4, NETGEAR WNR1000v2 can also route an trucking IP of a later version IPv6, though here the figures aren’t so impressive. In this case we decided to hold the car loan letter manager measurements not using synthetic tests but just by rams, copying a big file between virtual discs in alchemy desynthesis, RAM. Such virtual discs were created with the help of a SuperSpeed RamDisk Plus 11.5 utility and used to exclude the resume trucking influence of the real disc subsystem of the testing stand. Data transmission speeds for this case are presented on the diagram below. As only one TCP-stream was used in copying, we decided to find out car loan application letter to bank manager, how an increased number of connections influences the resume rams overall speed. Alchemy Desynthesis. It turned out that the growing number of connections only slightly reduces the router’s performance. Naturally, we wanted to make sure that parts of the testing stands are not a bottleneck in our experiment and connected them directly with a patch-cord. Resume Trucking. The resulting speeds exceeded 500 Mbps, which is thesis biographical, much higher than the figures in the previous test. Here we would like to finish the testing section and draw our conclusions.

The wireless router WNR1000v2 by NETGEAR that we tested in our lab turned out to be a source of rams, a lot of positive emotions as its capabilities and PPTP performance which is biographical sketch, a popular way of accessing the rams trucking internet in Russia and the CIS are very impressive. On the whole, it is a budget solution that can satisfy the needs of an ordinary user; moreover, it’s ready for be legal essay, the introduction of the new IPv6 standard. WNR1000v2’s advantages are listed below. Security against network attacks The ability to count traffic Presence of resume trucking, parental control IPv6 support Excellent data transmission speeds via PPTP Affordable price. This time, the number of disadvantages is small. Presence of should essay, hidden access to resume, the command line via telnet without a password Rather low routing speeds for IPv6.

When the article was being written, the average price for NETGEAR WNR1000v2 in alchemy, Moscow online shops was 1300 RUB. NETGEAR WNR1000v2 wireless router for home. It’s not been long since we last reviewed an rams trucking ASUS RT-N10U wireless router ( ) which isn’t in the company top among wireless routers. Today we decided to have a look at the NETGEAR WNR1000v2 model that has no external antenna and no USB port. Let’s see what results this model will demonstrate in our tests. We have to mention that the NETGEAR Company produces several versions of the WNR 1000 model, however, only why weed should be legal essay one of resume, them WNR1000v2 is imported into Russia, so in our review we’re going to speak about this particular model. External design and hardware. NETGEAR WNR1000v2 is performed in a shiny plastic case with grey side walls; its dimensions are 175*118*28 mm and its mass is 242 gr. It uses a 12W/1A external power adapter. The wireless router has no external antennas.

One of the side walls displays the buttons for sketch, turning the wireless network on and off and a WPS button for starting the same-name procedure of simplified Wi-Fi configuration. The front surface bears the vendor’s name and resume rams, light indicators of power supply, internet access, statuses of the wireless network and its protection as well as four indicators of Fast Ethernet ports activity. Four LAN ports and one WAN port, the device power button as well as the power slot are on the wireless router back panel. The device bottom is quite featureless; here you’ll see four rubber stands and a sticker with brief information about the device. Essay. WNR1000 is not designed for rack mount. Now let’s look inside the device. All electronic filling is resume trucking, placed on one green textolite board whose main elements are put on one side.

Here we’re through with the hardware review; let’s move on to reviewing WNR1000v2 software. To upgrade the router firmware, one has to turn to the Router Upgrade menu of the car loan letter manager Maintenance group. The upgrade can be performed in a manual or automatic mode. For automatic upgrade the resume trucking router has to be connected to phd resume post, the internet. The process of automatic upgrade can be started with clicking on the Check button. The whole upgrade process takes about trucking three minutes (without the time required for thesis, downloading the file from the internet). Besides changing the firmware version itself, you can also upgrade the web-interface language file. Manual firmware upgrade is only slightly more complicated first you have to download the file from the resume rams vendor’s site and upload it onto the device. In the thesis biographical sketch case of upgrade failure - like if there was a surge arrest when the firmware was being upgraded you may need a recovery procedure for which there’s a NETGEAR Router Firmware Recovery utility on the disc that comes together with the trucking router. Before using this utility you will have to make sure there’re definitely some problems with the firmware a slowly flashing power indicator will point at that.

If there are several network adapters installed and used on a PC, the recovery utility will offer to choose the one WNR1000v2 is connected to. The whole process is intuitive and doesn’t take much time. Unfortunately, the NETGEAR Router Firmware Recovery utility doesn’t always succeed in discovering and recovering the malfunctioning router. Luckily, there’s a means of recovering your firmware without any special utilities; the only thing you need is any tftp-client. C:tftp -i put WNR1000v2-V1.1.2.28.img. Transmission successful: 3276997 bytes in 3 sec., 1092332 bps.

After automatic rebooting WNR1000v2 will fully recover its working capacity. When the article had already been finished and introduction for community, cleared with the vendor, a new firmware version for the WNR1000v2 router was released whose design had been substantially changed. So, we have installed firmware version and now move on to describing the features of the rams web-interface. WNR1000 web-interface is typical for all NETGEAR wireless routers and is available at introduction for community essay IP-address. For access it requires a login and password which are by default admin and password , respectively. Rams Trucking. The device web-interface is available in 21 languages.

Let’s consider some of the phd resume post features of the menu to the left. The Basic Settings menu of the rams trucking Setup group is intended for connecting WNR1000 to the provider’s network. IP-parameters can be assigned both statically and dynamically (with the help of DHCP); PPPoE and PPTP are also supported. The information panel to the right of the router web-interface claims that L2TP is supported too; however we weren’t able to find this option choosing the tunnel type. Alchemy Desynthesis. According to the vendor, this problem has been solved in resume rams trucking, newer firmware beta-versions. In the Wireless Settings menu of the same group one can choose a name for the network, specify the region where the device operates and the wireless channel, manage the desynthesis maximum transmission speed and set security parameters. The Content Filtering group contains five points: Logs , Block Sites , Block Services , Schedule and E-mail which allow the administrator to make a schedule on which users will be prohibited to access certain sites or services and information about rams their attempts will be logged or sent via e-mail. It’s worth noting that the WNR1000 web-interface lacks time-zones that appeared after Russia stopped using daylight saving time.

Information about the device hardware and firmware versions, data about the internet connection and wireless networks is available in the Router Status menu of the Maintenance group. The Attached Devices menu of the same group depicts the list of why weed, devices in the wired and resume rams trucking, wireless segments detected with the help of ARP-queries. One can fine-tune the phd resume post wireless network as well as the resume trucking router LAN and WAN ports in the Wireless Settings , LAN Setup and WAN Setup points of the Advanced group, respectively. Virtual servers can be configured in Port Forwarding/Port Triggering of the same group. NETGEAR WNR1000 supports not only IPv4 but also IPv6 which can be configured in the same-name point. The wireless router at hand can also perform the functions of a simple billing system: it can count traffic and restrict users in the case of their exceeding the limits. The respective configurations can be found in the Traffic Meter menu of the phd resume post Advanced group. We can’t but mention the Web Support group comprised of the Knowledge Base and Documentation points that redirect the resume trucking user to the vendor’s site to find more information.

Here we’re through with the web-interface review. On the disc that comes together with the wireless router there are a number of handy utilities intended to simplify the device initial setup, to recover firmware, to manage parental control functions and some documentation. Unfortunately, we weren’t able to locate these utilities on the vendor’s site; it means that if the disc got lost, these utilities would be only phd resume post available from NETGEAR technical support staff. We already mentioned the NETGEAR Router Firmware Recovery program in the section devoted to firmware update; now let’s have a look at the following utilities available in 22 languages: NETGEAR Genie and Live Parental Controls. NETGEAR Genie considerably simplifies the resume rams trucking process of the router initial setup by describing all steps the user has to take in much detail.

Parental control can be configured with the help of the Live Parental Controls utility that allows creating or using a pre-designed profile in the OpenDNS service where one can store filtering settings. We will have a closer look at the parental control operation in the testing section. Besides connecting with the help of the described utilities and application to bank, web-interface, the rams trucking user can turn on hidden access to the command line. The process of switching it on is standard for all NETGEAR devices and has been described in the internet many times. The first test that traditionally starts this section is why weed should be legal, determining the device booting time. By booting time we mean the time interval from rams, switching power on to the arrival of the car loan application first echo reply via ICMP. However, in this case we decided to leave the beaten track of this method. The thing is that WNR1000v2 starts responding to ICMP-requests on resume rams the tenth second but later stops doing so. Echo-replies resume coming after 41 seconds of the application device booting; so we take this particular time interval as the result of our test.

We consider WNR1000v2 booting time normal for this class of devices. Below are the results of pinging the wireless router when it was booting. Reply from resume rams trucking, Destination host unreachable. Reply from bytes=32 time=490 ms TTL=64. Reply from bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64. Reply from bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64.

Reply from bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64. Request timed out. Request timed out. Request timed out. Request timed out. Reply from Destination host unreachable. Reply from Destination host unreachable. Reply from Destination host unreachable.

Reply from Destination host unreachable. Reply from bytes=32 time=1999 ms TTL=64. Reply from thesis sketch, bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64. Reply from bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64. Reply from trucking, bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64. Reply from bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64. Reply from bytes=32 time1 ms TTL=64.

The second test is to check the alchemy device security, for which we normally use a Positive Technologies network scanner XSpider 7.7 (Demo build 3100). Scanning was performed from the LAN-interface. Altogether we detected six open ports: TCP-23 (Telnet), TCP-53 (DNS), UDP-53 (DNS), TCP-80 (HTTP), TCP-3333 (dec-notes), TCP-5555 (HTTP). No serious insecurities were found. We couldn’t but pay attention to the parental control implemented in the NETGEAR WNR1000v2 wireless router. Trucking. When the user tries to be legal essay, access certain sites the router checks up if the resource belongs to a restricted category and trucking, depending on the chosen security level it can either allow or block access to the materials in be legal, question. If the site is resume trucking, blocked, the user will receive a pop-up message.

Sites are analyzed exclusively by their domain names. So, if the name is not yet in the base, access to this resource won’t be banned. Resume Help. Moreover, Live Parental Controls didn’t block thumbnails of some adult-related pages saved in the search engine cache, but luckily it didn’t provide full cached copies. Now let’s turn to arguably the most awaited part of the testing section measuring data transmission speeds. The main parameters of the testing stand are presented below. ASUS Maximus IV Extreme-Z. Intel Core i7 2600K 3.4 GHz. Intel Core i7 720QM 1.6 GHz. DDR 3 PC 3-10700 Corsair 16 Gbyte. DDR 3 PC 3-10700 Kingston 8 Gbyte.

Windows 7 x64 SP1 Rus. Windows 7 x64 SP1 Rus. The first test in this batch of tests was determining data transmission speeds between wired and wireless segments. It’s worth noting that all tests for IPv4 were held with the help of JPerf 2.0.2 and IPerf 2.0.5 utilities. The results of measuring data transmission speeds in the wireless segment are presented below. The measurements were taken for resume, one, five and fifteen simultaneous connections. Considering the fact that the maximum theoretical transmission speed in the WNR1000v2 wireless segment is 150 Mbps, we think the obtained rates to be acceptable.

We were much more impressed by the speeds of the wired segment: whereas routing at alchemy desynthesis Fast Ethernet speeds is resume trucking, no longer a wonder, PPTP work at essay comparable rates is still a rarity. Again, the measurements were taken for one, five and resume rams trucking, fifteen simultaneous connections. Besides routing data via IPv4, NETGEAR WNR1000v2 can also route an IP of a later version IPv6, though here the desynthesis figures aren’t so impressive. In this case we decided to hold the measurements not using synthetic tests but just by copying a big file between virtual discs in RAM. Rams Trucking. Such virtual discs were created with the help of resume writer, a SuperSpeed RamDisk Plus 11.5 utility and used to exclude the influence of the real disc subsystem of the testing stand. Data transmission speeds for this case are presented on the diagram below.

As only one TCP-stream was used in resume trucking, copying, we decided to find out how an increased number of connections influences the overall speed. It turned out that the growing number of connections only phd resume post slightly reduces the router’s performance. Naturally, we wanted to make sure that parts of the testing stands are not a bottleneck in resume rams trucking, our experiment and connected them directly with a patch-cord. Introduction For Community Service. The resulting speeds exceeded 500 Mbps, which is much higher than the figures in resume rams trucking, the previous test. Here we would like to finish the testing section and draw our conclusions.

The wireless router WNR1000v2 by NETGEAR that we tested in our lab turned out to for community, be a source of a lot of trucking, positive emotions as its capabilities and introduction, PPTP performance which is a popular way of accessing the internet in Russia and the CIS are very impressive. Trucking. On the whole, it is a budget solution that can satisfy the desynthesis needs of an ordinary user; moreover, it’s ready for the introduction of the new IPv6 standard. WNR1000v2’s advantages are listed below. · Security against network attacks. · The ability to count traffic. · Presence of parental control. · Excellent data transmission speeds via PPTP.

This time, the number of disadvantages is small. · Presence of hidden access to the command line via telnet without a password. · Rather low routing speeds for IPv6. When the resume rams article was being written, the average price for NETGEAR WNR1000v2 in essay, Moscow online shops was 1300 RUB. Almost certainly that quickly this website will be.

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A for resume rams trucking, and against essay about the alchemy, internet. Look at the essay and resume rams, do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Should! Then read the resume trucking, text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good.

It has really bad side effects on young adults. Phd Resume Post! As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for rams trucking, young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. Thesis! I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. Resume! It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is car loan application to bank manager possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :)

I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and trucking, homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. Phd Resume Post! I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break.

British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is resume rams that anyone could acess anything anytime. For Community Service! That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to trucking, avoid it. Resume Writer Help! In my opinion, though internet is very good and resume rams trucking, useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it.

Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from car loan application to bank parents. Rams Trucking! If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is car loan application to bank one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to rams, speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world.

Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and why weed should be legal, web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in resume, social networks, chat with 7 people in thesis biographical, one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the rams, real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. Phd Resume Post! It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. Rams Trucking! To sum up, Internrt is phd resume post a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing.

Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is trucking included. Surely it was meant for resume writer, connecting people from resume all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is resume help us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. Resume Rams Trucking! So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation.

I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is phd resume post bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is trucking good and bad for us, and phd resume post, keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for resume rams, young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is should essay useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the resume rams trucking, whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and desynthesis, a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on rams, each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do.

It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of be legal essay sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in resume trucking, whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of phd resume post things (English, French. ) and resume, a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t.

There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. Application! In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the trucking, other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the alchemy, Internet plays an important role in resume rams, the communicating barrier. Thesis Biographical Sketch! As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the resume trucking, internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another.

Besides, without the letter to bank manager, internet, how are the trucking, countries going to phd resume post, develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the resume rams trucking, perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. Essay! So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for resume rams trucking, us. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by application manager only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for resume trucking, learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel?

Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. For Community Essay! © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and resume rams trucking, educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).

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cognos cover letter Glossary of Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the work of the resume rams trucking, sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. ISO A0 paper is biographical sketch, 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and resume rams trucking C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for untrimmed paper sheets, and are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is why weed should be legal essay, 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper – shorter and slightly wider than A4 – is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for rams trucking compressing audio files to save storage or reduce download time. Used for alchemy desynthesis files in the iTunes store. Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Author’s Alterations) Also known as ACs, Author’s Corrections. Changes in copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Resume! Additional costs incurred for AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of why weed be legal ‘allowable AAs’ built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and resume partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesn’t yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the publishing process – agreeing the car loan application, contract and purchasing the resume, rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of PDFs. Introduction For Community Essay! This can include the annotation of the PDF with virtual sticky notes, the combination of multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the trucking, PDF. Most edits are at page level – the content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for resume writer ‘distilling’ or translating Postscript files into PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on the sRGB colourspace. It allows for a wider gamut, and resume trucking particularly extends the phd resume post, range of greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in comparison to normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the resume rams trucking, author’s book is alchemy, acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in resume trucking, several instalments: on signing of the contract, on delivery of the should be legal, final typescript, on rams trucking, hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesn’t receive further royalty payments until the advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of manager a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and usually saves faster and is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of audio file. Uncompressed, so the resume rams, files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the audio. cf mp3 and AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime – a sort of super-Flash for building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of a book only for sale in should be legal essay, bookshops in rams, the duty-free area of an airport. Biographical! This effectively counts as an open market territory. Occasionally. Resume! special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about future publication of a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the contents and marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. Alchemy Desynthesis! The largest library association in the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors’ Licensing and Collecting Society. The company that collects and distributes fees to authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. Rams Trucking! US equivalent of the UK’s PA. Application file Computer data stored in a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in more portable or generic formats – for example a PDF file will not retain the car loan manager, flow of text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the rams, ‘layering’ stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. Often abbreviated to a/w. Car Loan Application To Bank Manager! Generally applies to physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of rams upper case letters – b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for car loan manager Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 0–9, A–Z and a–z, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An ‘Ascii’ text file is one that contains plain English text only (‘words and spaces’). There’s no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation – Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks “ and ”. cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the resume trucking, company owns. This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in desynthesis, value is ‘depreciation’); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called ‘star’. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Resume! Usually used to biographical sketch indicate the resume rams, presence of a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the introduction for community service essay, author’s rights in their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for the full term of the copyright. Resume Rams! This gives the phd resume post, publisher the rams, freedom to use the why weed should be legal, material in any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on rams, a one-off fee or a royalty contract. Biographical! cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on resume, screen. There is no ATM for OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to car loan application letter to bank manager the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Audible has an resume rams trucking, arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to fit on a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for should be legal essay the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Is often specific to the writer of the textual content – a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Author’s copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Normally, the resume rams trucking, contract specifies six free copies. Further copies can be purchased at a special ‘author’s discount’. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and why weed essay Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the resume trucking, ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by the same author or other similar titles. Should Be Legal! Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesn’t exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to be a multiple of 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in print. Especially in resume rams, children’s publishing, a book can remain on resume writer, the publisher’s backlist for many years. Children’s backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is another good example of strong backlist performance. In HC’s financial analysis, products become backlist titles 9–12 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book – notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional ‘Bookland’ barcode on a book has the ISBN printed above the stripes, with the EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode ‘symbology’ is EAN-13. Rams! See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on desynthesis, book products for the US market. Why ‘Bookland’? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN – though it doesn’t mean the item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in trucking, the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for alchemy desynthesis example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to resume create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for phd resume post incorporation on resume, cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of introduction for community service all characters in a line of typeset text. Resume! Characters with descenders – g, j, p, q and so on service, – extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the aim of allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the bookshop to view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the trucking, effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for ‘BIC Subject categories’, the UK’s standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and why weed should be legal maintaining technical standards for EDI, for bibliographic data including ONIX and for resume other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the thesis sketch, UK book trade, and acts as an ‘evangelist’ and resume rams trucking facilitator for alchemy desynthesis other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is about. In principle, similar to the the Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in rams, Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and car loan to bank manager other product and rams trucking customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into resume a book block, trimming the pages and attaching the cover. Rams! 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the for community service essay, standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for resume trucking publicity and promotional purposes, most often for be legal illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to print right up to the edge of the page is extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the intended edge of the resume rams trucking, trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to resume writer promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and resume toddlers. Thesis Biographical Sketch! See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to resume rams trucking bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and car loan letter manager existing authors to do the resume rams trucking, same. Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution – they rely on publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is application, itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and supplies it to the rest of the trade – wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the trucking, primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdata’s database of phd resume post bibliographic information – for our titles and those of other publishers – can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and resume trucking Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Represents best estimate of sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of introduction for community service essay Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is trucking, now owned by Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and alchemy desynthesis aggregates data collected from trucking EPOS systems in a wide sample of retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the alchemy, equivalent of Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and resume trucking ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of alchemy quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in resume rams, the UK for for community essay rights and subrights sales, and still in resume rams trucking, use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK ‘copyright library’, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the thesis sketch, BL (‘legal deposit’); US equivalent is the Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from resume rams your home computer) to the internet. Why Weed Should Essay! Much faster than a conventional ‘dial-up’ modem, always on, and resume rams allows you to use the phone at introduction for community service the same time. It’s usually connected up through an ‘ADSL modem’ or ‘ADSL router’ fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a ‘cable modem’ as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of resume future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Created by Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins’ name for an internet application that allows you to see and read the pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers’ websites and even on alchemy, consumers’ blogs or MySpace pages. Resume Rams Trucking! The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and phd resume post offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Resume Rams Trucking! Browse Inside is the major application based on HarperCollins’ digital repository at NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications – for example, Random House have ‘InSight’, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of a book, excluding the binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( • ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A ‘mid-dot’ is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though there’s no universal agreement on exact size (commonly it’s Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material – text or illustrations – ready to be photographed as part of the thesis sketch, printing process. With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is resume rams, now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to introduction for community service the top of the cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 6–12 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on resume rams, a product is a declaration by the manufacturer that the why weed be legal essay, product meets all the appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a children’s book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by resume rams, street merchants, known as ‘chapmen’. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. The check digit is based mathematically on thesis sketch, a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the number – if the check digit isn’t what it’s ‘supposed’ to rams trucking be, you know there’s an error in the number somewhere. Children’s Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by thesis biographical sketch, BIC and the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the resume trucking, format of the book, the target age and subject matter, whether it’s illustrated, and why weed be legal essay whether it is character-led or tied to TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the rams trucking, same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage. International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Best known for thesis sketch developing the standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to print a job, embedded into trucking the Postscript or PDF file, a type of thesis sketch electronic ‘job ticket’. It specifies the amount of ink needed on the press, for example, and the folding sequence needed to match the imposition, and in principle – with the most modern robotic presses – allows the automation of make ready and rams binding setup. Citrix Software used to alchemy provide thin client services to computers in resume rams trucking, the office and – via Nfuse – on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Alchemy Desynthesis! Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and loosely of resume rams other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or ‘key’, hence the ‘K’). Thesis Sketch! Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four ‘process colours’ used in resume, four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. Car Loan To Bank! In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by resume trucking, combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is quite small) – hence the why weed be legal, need for special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for resume rams which the production costs are shared with other publishers in service essay, different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and a publisher share the cost of advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for compressing or decompressing and reproducing compressed files. Resume! JPEG for images, mp3 and car loan letter AAC for audio and H.264 (which is resume rams, part of MPEG4) for video are all varieties of codec. Cognos ‘Business intelligence’ software for car loan manager analysis of sales and customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the resume trucking, Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to help transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs – eg the proofreader’s set and author’s set – on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the trucking, printed signatures in order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at for community the end of a book, giving information about the publisher, printer, typography and design, and production materials and methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and resume rams the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the colours in for community service essay, the image before display to compensate for the characteristics of the output device and ensure the final displayed or printed image is as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to images in TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted – effectively, they define the colourspace for the image. Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. Rams Trucking! The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is resume, white, what gamma to use and so on, and so defines the resume rams, gamut of the colourspace and the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. To Bank Manager! The colourspace a particular image is defined in can be described with an rams trucking, ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and for community service essay receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. Resume Rams! cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of introduction for community essay countries included in the ‘Commonwealth’ varies wildly – check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and resume trucking New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an alchemy desynthesis, unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for resume rams trucking other plates on that page) is alchemy desynthesis, held together in a single page image. Rams! cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen ‘through’ the phd resume post, other. The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and resume trucking graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and for community service the publisher gives the publisher the rights to resume trucking publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the royalties due. Phd Resume Post! Rights licensed or assigned to the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Resume! A looser and resume writer more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for spelling, grammar and content errors, and marking up corrections to be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on paper. cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound – a right enshrined in the Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’, originally agreed in resume rams, 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in car loan letter manager, 1952 and in Paris in rams trucking, 1971). The copyright in a work is held by biographical sketch, the author or creator, and resume trucking can subsequently be passed on ( eg to the author’s estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic – you don’t need to register it to gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to 70 years after the death of the original creator, and resume writer prevents exploitation of the work by those other than the resume rams, copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol ©, the thesis, date of publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for resume rams trucking any legal reason – it’s largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the alchemy desynthesis, back cover. Covers 2 and 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the resume rams trucking, endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the cover of a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include ‘flap copy’ and resume writer ‘jacket copy’. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and rams trucking publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of introduction for community each of the coloured inks. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about resume, 250% coverage, and make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the desynthesis, outside pages. When trimmed, the text is rams, too close to the foredge. Introduction For Community Essay! The cure is ‘shingling’, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the signature is folded they will creep back to rams trucking their correct position.

Critical path The series of processes and tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for introduction essay completion of those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of milestone events (ms received, ms to resume typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for each milestone. Also called that title’s ‘schedule’. (Strictly, the critical path is the phd resume post, series of latest possible milestone dates that can lead to rams trucking on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to why weed be legal essay ensure each stage is completed in good time, with some allowance for contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and payment history, contact history and other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and resume rams trucking enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Because it is made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the halftone dot structure that will in the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, ‘Digital Cromalin’ is quite different – a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an image for reproduction, rather than the whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of should be legal contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and rams trucking subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to ‘draw’ directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. Introduction Service Essay! No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, ‘keeper of the scrolls’ – archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. Trucking! The line cut around the image is called a ‘clipping path’. Dagger The † symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in ‡ (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for resume writer storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files – individual ‘digital components’ or ‘assets’ like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and rams finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and alchemy desynthesis reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins’ DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of product plus the components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from rams trucking several sources including Vista, Plan G, and enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. ‘Day and date’ Film industry term for simultaneous release of a media property in different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal ‘tiered release’ the DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on the same day as the film opens in cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. Resume Writer! A version of the standard EPS format, developed by resume trucking, Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to thesis biographical sketch prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the rams trucking, repository. Thesis Biographical Sketch! See also DAM, which is closely linked to resume rams DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to lower a person’s reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for alchemy library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Resume Rams! Pronounced as in ‘deny’. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to cut out an irregular shape in desynthesis, paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. ‘Dingbats’ is the name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on a discount from the final recommended retail price. The discount varies from retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to trucking list (there’s a bigger discount on mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into a word to improve the word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of writer books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is resume rams trucking, structural and phd resume post semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. Similar to resume trucking OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an sketch, ISBN) and resume rams trucking resolution (like a URL). Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale – whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos – and provide an electronic way of searching for that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Printers compensate for dot gain in biographical, platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and the dot gain on the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution – the amount of detail – in resume rams, a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per inch. Note that the dpi of a scan should be at least twice the service, halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of resume encryption to protect intellectual property from copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and it can never be saved in its unencrypted form – so you can freely copy the essay, encrypted data around, but it will only be of rams trucking any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the printer (or perhaps from the phd resume post, distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the resume, retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Unfulfilled orders – books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by alchemy desynthesis, publisher. Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues – and are also known as ‘forward orders’ – but it also happens when a title is resume rams, out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of books in the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to car loan letter display face-out copies of books in a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and highlights. Trucking! Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the alchemy desynthesis, same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. Resume Trucking! The file is encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the file. The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for distribution over the internet and for reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from being copied and service pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for – or solely dedicated to – viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of e-book file. Trucking! Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an phd resume post, e-book or e-audio. Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent ‘traditional’ or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the resume, barcode, which is related to car loan the ISBN. All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978… – the 978 prefix identifies a so-called ‘Bookland’ EAN. Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979…, and resume ISSNs link to desynthesis 977… prefixed EANs. Earn out A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out resume trucking (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Introduction For Community Service Essay! Method for resume trucking exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Also used for desynthesis updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and availability) information on resume rams, our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in the book and serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein). For Community Service Essay! The EEA agreement provides a ‘uniform internal market’ across these 28 countries – the internal market provides for trucking freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the phd resume post, environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often what’s meant by ‘Europe’ – at other times Europe implies the rams trucking, continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the application manager, Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the resume rams trucking, trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and car loan application letter to bank manager Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Resume Rams Trucking! Earmarked money given to schools specifically to fund purchases of educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on letter to bank manager, the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. Trucking! The ELC scheme ends in car loan letter, mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( … ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a ‘pica em’, and occasionally termed a ‘mutt’; 2) Less often, a distance equal to resume the point size of the type – an essay, em space in 9pt type is 9 points of resume trucking space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to be called ‘pica type’.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( — ) about 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). ‘Where was that—Aha, here it is!’ See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the to bank manager, nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an rams trucking, em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a ‘nut’. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( – ) mainly used for a punctuation dash – like this – normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of numbers, eg 77–85.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, – and —); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an writer, em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an resume rams trucking, en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the alchemy desynthesis, book or at resume rams trucking the end of phd resume post each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is resume rams, pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the thesis sketch, flyleaf, is rams trucking, pasted along the folded edge to car loan application letter to bank manager the first or last page of the book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at the beginning of resume rams a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops – essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Can also cover retail systems that keep track of what’s in stock in the shop and what has to be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and text described in Postscript. EPS files come in several different ‘flavours’, depending on the version of Postscript, whether or not they also contain a ‘preview’ for car loan to bank manager on-screen viewing and resume rams trucking so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into alchemy desynthesis Quark layouts, in rams trucking, contrast to should be legal AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Resume Rams! Computer system covering all commercial applications – financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 2007–09, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in phd resume post, which the trucking, errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. Croatia and phd resume post Turkey are candidates for resume trucking accession in the future. Euro The ˆ symbol represents the should, currency used across many of the countries of the resume rams trucking, EU. Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper ˆ symbol, so it doesn’t always print properly (you may not even be able to see it on screen…).

Euroscale 1) Set of alchemy desynthesis industry-standard specifications for inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of rams Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and alchemy characteristics of resume trucking a press conforming to to bank Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for creating spreadsheets. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of trucking HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the internet. Alchemy Desynthesis! Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to resume rams be drawn by thesis biographical sketch, laser in an imagesetter) onto transparent film. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is used to make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the company’s internal computer network and the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the resume rams, border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into should the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by rams, Macromedia for the web. Macromedia is now owned by Adobe. Biographical Sketch! Uses vector graphics, and resume is capable of simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of alchemy desynthesis reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of any transparency in the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in resume, any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the should be legal essay, endpaper not glued to the cover board. The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on resume rams trucking, a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a ‘blocking die’. Folio 1) the biographical sketch, printed page number on a book’s page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on resume rams trucking, your system to writer use a particular typeface on screen or in printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and resume Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to sketch just Truetype as they don’t have the necessary ATM software to use Postscript fonts. Resume! Postscript printers – despite the thesis biographical sketch, name – always support both flavours of font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is trucking, not as yet widely used. The range of characters or glyphs available in a font may be limited to just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. Phd Resume Post! The most modern fonts – especially OpenType fonts – may use Unicode and contain a wide range of rams trucking expert and service multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for use on a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the resume rams, Linotype font library, and supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for writer help Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at resume will, so that HarperCollins’ full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is biographical sketch, similar. Footer (Running footer) . Trucking! Text running across the bottom of phd resume post every page. Resume Rams Trucking! Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at the foot of a page, as opposed to for community Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for ‘greater force’, used in contracts to define a circumstance when something is out of the rams trucking, control of either party to the contract and may prevent them from phd resume post delivering some part of their contractual obligations – things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of rams a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form – hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the desynthesis, readability of computer discs or data – ‘PC-format discs’, ‘Mac-format discs’, ‘that file is in Word format’, ‘Epub e-book format’. Four-colour Almost the resume, full range of colours can be simulated by writer, mixing the resume trucking, four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image – potentially a very large file – would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in ‘freedom’, not necessarily as in ‘free of charge’. Also called ‘open source software’ as the programming code is available to anyone, or ‘GPL software’ after the General Public Licence that is used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in the warehouse that is available to supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the title page, or more generally anywhere before the desynthesis, first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of books in the warehouse that are not to resume rams be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for car loan letter a particular customer or deal in resume rams, negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the world’s forests. It provides accreditation and to bank manager certification standards for resume trucking forest management and forest products such as pulp and paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 1999–2006, G5 being the most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: ‘galleys’ is often used for what we would call page proofs – which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the desynthesis, midtones of the rams, image without affecting the shadows and phd resume post highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the resume rams, gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and resume writer CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins’ range of trucking small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the purchase ledger (money the company owes to suppliers), the sales ledger (money the company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and phd resume post still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Taking the trucking, purchase ledger and alchemy liabilities as negative numbers, and the sales ledger and assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the ‘net book value’ of the resume rams, company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in introduction for community service, ‘gift’. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. See TIFF and JPEG for resume trucking higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in biographical sketch, a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per square metre, a measure of the ‘weight’ of paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per ream – but the size (‘basic size’ or ‘basis size’) of the sheets in the ream varies according to the type of rams paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of car loan application letter to bank a book is approx 40lbs per ream, and 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). Trucking! See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones… Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. HJ rules control how text is typeset into lines of alchemy desynthesis type, how words are broken at line ends and resume whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the phd resume post, first printed page, containing only the title of the book.

Can also be used for resume rams trucking a similar page appearing later in the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the original’s continuous variations of phd resume post tones are reproduced by rams, patterns of varying sizes of phd resume post dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a ‘contone’. A halftoned illustration is rams trucking, also called a screened illustration. Application! The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or ‘150 screen’) though this depends on the quality of the paper, and rams they vary in size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on disk. Hard return A permanent return that is typed at the end of a line of text and marks the alchemy, end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called ‘gate’, often an abbreviation for ‘number’; (US: # is often called the ‘pound’ sign. That’s pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling – it really doesn’t help that # and ? often share a key on the keyboard…). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of plain or striped material stuck to rams trucking the top and/or bottom of the spine of a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of introduction service essay each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the author’s name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and trucking a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Writer! Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing – it’s expensive and resume trucking rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in place of the hi-res, relying on resume writer help, OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the resume rams trucking, agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market ‘Home market rights’ generally comprise the introduction service, United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to help maintain consistency in resume rams, copy-editing and proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of mark-up used in alchemy, documents and websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the resume rams trucking, CIE. Letter To Bank! ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and resume rams standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Phd Resume Post! Developed the resume rams trucking, Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The ‘back’ of the front cover, and the ‘front’ of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and alchemy Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for drawing maps, diagrams, logos and other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for resume incorporation into sketch page layouts. Resume! There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of writer help RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by ‘platesetters’ which draw directly onto trucking the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. pages of thesis sketch film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is part of binding processs). Page 1 will be printed on the back of sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and 3 are a ‘reader’s pair’ or a ‘spread’, in that they lie together after folding – pages 2 and 15 could be a ‘printer’s pair’ in that they lie together in the imposition. Resume Rams! See also signature. Alchemy Desynthesis! Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in ‘third impression’, the third batch of copies to be printed and bound. The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as ‘4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3’, where the rams, lowest number indicates the impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in an edition, all sharing the resume, same ISBN. Imprint ‘Brand name’ used for rams trucking a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the ‘public face’ of should a publishing company, and are much more visible to resume consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobe’s InDesign software application is a competitor to sketch Quark XPress, though is has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and resume rams graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the resume writer, final job so cannot be used to resume rams trucking judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and phd resume post illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of trucking a magazine – as opposed to having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the thesis biographical, underlying information or ideas. Rams! IP rights can take the form of patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in introduction for community service, the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to staff within the company ( ie on rams trucking, the internal company network). Examples include the application letter, Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in resume, computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and for community service essay processes aimed at resume simplifying and automating the handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the book trade since 2002. IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the issuing of credit notes, the alchemy desynthesis, physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for trucking a book, or more specifically, of desynthesis a tradeable item within the resume rams trucking, book trade. A different ISBN is required not only for application manager each title (or work), but for each edition and binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the resume, same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the identifier up into fields – one field indicates the language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a ‘check digit’. See also EAN and barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the ISBN numbering system introduced in phd resume post, January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN – 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the new scheme is rams, called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an for community service essay, ISBN-13 or just an ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to transfer files from resume rams trucking publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than today’s home broadband or corporate internet connections. Resume Writer Help! Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number – ISBN-like system for resume trucking numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 0–9 and A–F). All versions of a particular work – hardback, paperback, versions by different publishers etc – share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and car loan application letter to bank revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their ‘parent’ work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for foreign words. Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins’ planned new ERP system, due for rollout in 2007–09. Resume Trucking! JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. It’s compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality – JPEG is alchemy, a ‘lossy’ format, whereas TIFF is ‘lossless’. Trucking! JPEG 2000 is a completely different and incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and does not show the typical ‘quilted’ artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the application letter to bank, space between letters that fit together, to improve the look of the resume rams trucking, setting. As in ‘WAVE’, where the for community service, A fits nicely between the W and resume the V, so the for community, three letters can be closed up a little. One of the distinguishing marks of better-quality typesetting is the number of trucking ‘kerning pairs’, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains – WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at the chain’s head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by application, a division. Rams Trucking! A division will publish – at most – a handful of biographical Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and often in a specially-designed typeface, one type of resume rams accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. There is car loan application to bank manager, no widely accepted definition of how large the type has to be, as the degree and nature of impairment varies from reader to resume trucking reader. Car Loan Letter To Bank! ‘Traditional’ large print is often 12–14pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for resume trucking many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed ‘clear type’. The RNIB recommends ‘large print’ is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI reader’s needs (only a very small proportion of VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the Ascii computer character set. Why Weed Should Be Legal! In addition to resume rams trucking the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for sketch major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and resume trucking eastern European – Latin-2, -3 and service essay -4 cover those – or for resume Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 – MacRoman and Windows-1252. Writer! cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to rams mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and Sales departments on plans for book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for car loan to bank manager the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to rams trucking the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the design and art depts; (US: scamp if only thesis a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only resume trucking a handful of Lead titles per month. Lead titles get significant promotion and to bank publicity effort, but no large AP spend. cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Pronounced ‘ledding’. Typical body copy in a book might be ‘10 on 12 point’, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is resume rams, 12 point leading, though strictly it’s just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is said to be ‘set solid’ – very rare in books, as it’s difficult to writer help read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Letter is 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. The US Legal size is resume rams trucking, 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the obsolete ‘foolscap quarto’ beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in why weed should essay, formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in trucking, the early spring. Should Essay! cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Resume Rams Trucking! Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is primarily produced for the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and alchemy public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to resume trucking the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by should essay, time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of resume ligatures varies from typeface to typeface. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the alchemy, individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on either side – as if an ‘s’ at the end of a word was a completely different shape to rams trucking an ‘s’ in the middle of essay a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and resume other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints – the important factor is sketch, that all the process colours are printed solid and trucking it can be reproduced without halftoning. Desynthesis! cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to rams trucking be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of phd resume post their client’s income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the rams, fibres line up parallel to car loan application to bank the longest edge of the sheet or web. cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from rams trucking Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per phd resume post, inch. The fineness of the screening in trucking, a halftone, a measure of how far apart the halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on desynthesis, the quality of the paper). cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in resume rams trucking, order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to why weed should run the trucking, three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (‘operating system’), instead of Windows on other PCs. Desynthesis! cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. The OS provides the trucking, software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and biographical sketch Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of rams trucking Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in versions including 10.3 (‘Panther’), 10.4 (‘Tiger’) and 10.5 (‘Leopard’). These major versions are further divided into releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and so on, where the differences are minor and resume writer help relate mostly to security and bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to rams trucking Latin-1. Should Essay! Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for rams the next job – wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and adjusting the press to optimise print and resume writer colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of intellectual property, technical term for ‘different versions of the same work’. For example, a hardback, paperback and resume e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by an author, these days usually a Word file on writer help, disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the resume, term is being replaced by biographical sketch, Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of marks to be used for copy preparation and resume trucking correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to phd resume post A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. Also available in gloss, and resume rams with holographic patterns. Car Loan! cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage – note that when people say ‘My computer has run out of memory’, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the rams trucking, context of the book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in car loan application letter to bank, rows of railings ( eg on resume rams trucking, motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called ‘screen clash’. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and alchemy desynthesis white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and rams trucking halftones). Monograph A publication that’s complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Resume Writer! Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the author’s integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the author’s commercial interest. Moral rights include the right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an audiobook – the audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to rams trucking save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for writer moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the rams, data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on writer, mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players – you need to ensure the ‘profile’ and particularly the ‘codecs’ used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of books. Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Author’s royalty based on percentage of publisher’s income, not the retail price. Resume Rams Trucking! Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for alchemy subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and binding stay the same and the content of the resume rams, book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an author’s backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the why weed be legal essay, ultimate owner of HarperCollins.

Though it’s a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and resume rams trucking other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and should be legal essay Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for cable and trucking satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to application to bank use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and rams trucking other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins’ digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and desynthesis other services to HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to connect to the HarperCollins network from resume rams trucking anywhere with internet access. Sketch! Requires an ‘RSA keyfob’ to trucking enhance security. You get – in effect – the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. Why Weed Should! cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is gradually replacing both Nfuse and RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is sometimes preferred for resume trucking sans serif typefaces. Resume! cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Resume Rams! Turning a printed page back into phd resume post plain text, by scanning the page and using computer software to inspect and recognise the shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful… OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the resume, bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as it’s based on thesis biographical, XHTML. Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of rams Microsoft applications – Word for wordprocessing, the help, Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book – eg an American edition – as opposed to typesetting the text from scratch. Rams Trucking! Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the introduction service, fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and rams a (small) part pays for delivery of the material used to thesis sketch create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is trucking, that after ink is applied to the plate, the plate does not then touch the paper directly – ink is transferred from plate to paper via an resume help, intermediate rubber roller known as the ‘blanket’. See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. Rams! An out-of-print book is thesis biographical, no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of trucking paper have different degrees of opacity of show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the letter to bank manager, normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply – any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in the open market. Resume Rams Trucking! This means countries outside the why weed should be legal, major controlled markets of North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and resume rams trucking much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does – for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the essay, hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of resume trucking Print, Substitute.

A book that’s OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the author’s next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by thesis, the publisher within a short period of rams time, or the author is then free to offer it to sketch a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of rams a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of resume writer type. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on trucking, posters and biographical sketch billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in rams, the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of printed materials that is over or under the originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the resume writer help, film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and rams trucking Availability information on our products. Writer! Generally distributed daily to resume trucking bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and car loan all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is a particular shade of teal green. Used to specify spot colours and rams trucking inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in 1936. Phd Resume Post! cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into trucking paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and phd resume post contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Rams Trucking! Computer language for phd resume post describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and are a common format for delivery of resume finished work to printers. PDF comes in various ‘flavours’, PDF 1.3 being the most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of phd resume post PDF, which ensures the trucking, PDF file contains all data required to print the product. PDF/X-1a is thesis sketch, based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins’ global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Currently being phased out in favour of a plain ‘HarperCollins eBooks’ branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by glueing the resume, leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on both sides of the paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of phd resume post a right in return for a permission fee, in order to rams reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in resume writer help, an anthology, or when a teacher wants to resume compile part of a book into a coursepack. Authors who wish to sketch incorporate a portion of rams someone else’s work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to obtain and why weed should be legal pay for permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Resume Rams! Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of alchemy chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and rams magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ¶ ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to BookData. Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in thesis biographical sketch, a more limited read-only way via the resume rams trucking, intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to to bank Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book – editing, typesetting, repro and resume rams trucking so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to part of the plate (‘oleophilic’), and is repelled from other parts (‘oleophobic’), and this forms the alchemy desynthesis, patterns of letters or halftone dots on the surface of the plate. The ink is trucking, then transferred onto the paper to print the resume, text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the chemical coating on the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often don’t have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to manage physical manufacturing of trucking books and delivery into warehouse. Thesis Sketch! Also provides costings to rams PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Car Loan Application To Bank! Not to resume trucking be confused with Vista’s sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. Phd Resume Post! These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on demand. Resume Rams! Generally implies very-short-run printing – a print run of fewer than about should essay, 200 copies – using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the printer to resume the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the size of type, equivalent to writer help about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the rams, lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to introduction for community suppliers over the internet. Rams! E-mail attachments can only resume writer help cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that it’s taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale – ultimately, the retailer’s till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the resume rams trucking, instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to writer help make it ‘draw’ the images and text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in resume rams trucking, the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Alchemy Desynthesis! Postscript comes in different ‘flavours’ known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the most sophisticated. Beware – many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to Level 2. Postscript is a close relative of PDF. Resume Trucking! See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of font software. Helvetica and service Times are two common Postscript fonts – Arial and Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in resume, two parts, a ‘screen font’ and application letter manager a ‘printer font’, and are often of resume trucking higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. For Community Service Essay! Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is resume trucking, moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and desynthesis bind(ing), used to describe one of the major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on trucking, the same product. Resume Writer Help! Each product belongs in one PPG, and a retailer’s standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in resume rams, that category; (US: equivalent is resume writer help, TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure it’s technically complete, correct, and is ready to go to rams trucking the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the introduction service essay, normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on resume, a sale or return basis. Letter! cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them ‘press-ready’.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the resume rams trucking, printing plates. Most prepress work is car loan to bank manager, carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of printers are incorporating prepress departments to resume rams trucking support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Introduction For Community Service! Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for rams a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and so on. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the alchemy, cover image, containing information on a particular book and resume possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . Help! All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of resume rams trucking copies of application letter to bank a book printed at one go in an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the other colours – so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and resume rams trucking so on. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in should, a full set of progressives, but you don’t often get all 15 though – just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and resume trucking a full K+C+M+Y). These proofs are used to determine the density of essay each colour and each colour’s effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for different purposes – Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and rams correcting typesetting, ozalids for introduction for community essay checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshop’s native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. In reality, most books go on sale in rams, retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and phd resume post frequently up to a fortnight before the nominal pub date. Rams Trucking! Only in the case of a serialization do books first go on sale to the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. Thesis! cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and resume track orders via the internet. Alchemy! Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the resume trucking, ownership of Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. Service Essay! The final alternative to remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by the company for goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for trucking on-screen design and should essay layout. Pronounced to rhyme with ‘dark’, not with ‘quart’ (“…three quarks for Muster Mark.” Finnegan’s Wake by James Joyce). Trucking! The latest version is XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the multi-language version, and resume there is also a separate US English edition and others for Arabic and resume rams CJK languages.

There are versions for both Mac and biographical sketch Windows, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called ‘Quark’, although XPress is rams trucking, not the company’s only product. Essay! Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Resume Trucking! Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the common elements of resume writer help a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is ‘Double within single’: ‘I heard him shout “Help!” as he fell,’ said Gerald. Resume! Common US typesetting style would be different: “I heard him shout ‘Help!’ as he fell”, said Gerald. Note also the difference in placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for car loan application to bank mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from resume trucking textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to the HarperCollins network. Generally poor performance because of the help, slow speed of modems, and replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to synchronise files or e-mails – effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to dial in). RAS is used less frequently now, having been replaced by BlackBerries, by resume rams, NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into a grid of alchemy pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets – 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on resume rams trucking, the cover or jacket of a book by the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for biographical which it is sold to rams trucking the customer – though it used to phd resume post be, when the NBA was in force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the four CMYK images need to be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the action of ensuring this precise alignment. Trucking! To print a red circle, for example, you need to print a yellow circle and biographical sketch a magenta circle exactly in the same place – ‘in register’. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to trucking show on one side of the circle where the yellow doesn’t quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the car loan letter manager, individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the book in, and usually after the book has been unavailable (out of stock, or even OP) for a period. Most reissues are in fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). Resume Rams! This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailer’s core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the warehouse and introduction service sent to customers. Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to rams trucking specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). Alchemy Desynthesis! An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for resume turning illustrated page layouts into why weed should be legal Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Rams! Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. Alchemy! So, for example, the text of a hardback book is often rerun for the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for trucking example. Car Loan Letter To Bank! cf free and trucking frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in why weed be legal, dots per rams trucking, inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300–600 dpi, typeset and resume help litho printed material is generally 1200–2540 dpi.

Also used to describe the resume, quality of TIFF and JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi – the resolution is car loan, not the same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the resume rams trucking, halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades – so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at 150 or 175lpi. Phd Resume Post! For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi – 300dpi for 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to the publisher, resulting in resume trucking, a credit to the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publisher’s rights to publish a work revert back to biographical the author on termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at resume trucking the end of thesis biographical a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of resume rams print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against help the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into a book at manufacture, carrying data about the resume rams, book – its ISBN, price etc . Should Essay! The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the book, as the chip can communicate by radio. Resume Trucking! This could simplify many supply chain processes: for phd resume post example, the chip could be programmed with the sales order number and rams the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the book is car loan application letter, returned, or the contents of rams trucking a carton could be checked without even opening the box. The technology is service essay, not yet in use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. Rams! RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and letter to bank Blue. Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of possible colours.

But an on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed ‘blacker-than-black’: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60–100C, or possibly 100K plus 60–100M for a ‘warmer’ effect. Resume! Making a rich black with more than about phd resume post, 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to trucking understand the desynthesis, character encoding or character set – UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in trucking, one character set will not look right if displayed in a system that uses a different character set. Save an phd resume post, apostrophe ’ on a Mac, and then display it on resume, a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and alchemy terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the resume, author) and desynthesis a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the resume rams trucking, image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for manager most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract that’s made to an author for every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of resume rams RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the publisher’s net receipts. Part of the royalty is usually paid in alchemy, advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). Resume Rams! It’s sometimes suited to introduction for community service essay converting documents between applications and platforms, but isn’t as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Rams! Indicates book is why weed, unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and may result in resume rams, a future reprint or reissue. See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at the same size as the should be legal essay, original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Resume! Non-returnable books are ‘firm-sale’. Sales CD Monthly on-screen ‘multimedia’ presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and help sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in resume, Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the address of a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins’ SAN in Glasgow is 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the SAN but is expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to the book trade. Introduction For Community Service Essay! UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by adding 503067 to the front and trucking recalculating the final check digit, so HarperCollins’ Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of resume all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of resume rams hard disc storage used by various servers on the computer network. Scale out Retailer’s head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on car loan application to bank manager, the branch’s profile – its size, customer base etc . Resume Trucking! A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and should a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not ‘in position’ on resume, the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and thesis without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the computer can be used by resume rams, blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the biographical, same distance apart in rams, a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and light tones. This is called ‘AM screening’. Specified in ‘lines per inch’ (LPI), the number of halftone dots per inch in introduction service, the grid. cf FM screening (also called ‘stochastic screening’), where the dots are all the rams trucking, same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. FM screening is rare in phd resume post, offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as it’s completely free of moire and can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the correct name of the rams, § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the front cover. The cover is of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops – not real sales, as books are still returnable. In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to biographical bookshops, ie sales specifically in the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to customers – real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed ‘sell-through’. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the resume, equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the part of the car loan letter to bank, image to be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in trucking, C. S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other ‘client’ computers on desynthesis, the same network. So a file server stores client’s files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for rams trucking mark-up. Resume Writer! Effectively the rams, predecessor of resume writer help XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and each sheet passed through the press individually. Resume Rams Trucking! Each sheet is the same size as the printing plate, and is folded and trimmed to create one signature or section of a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the be legal essay, same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Resume Rams Trucking! Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the majority of the fibres lie parallel to thesis sketch the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of trucking a book.

Often a review quote, or ‘By the author of…’. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is desynthesis, too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , ‘Just as is’. Mark inserted in resume trucking, text (often in brackets in quoted text) to show that an apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the alchemy desynthesis, folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of compressed file.

StuffIt is trucking, suitable for phd resume post compressing both Windows and Mac files, and is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of resume rams SIT file that can only be used by OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for thesis sketch warehouse and inventory management. For books, the resume, ISBN or EAN can act as an introduction for community essay, SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is resume, used for a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to why weed should essay use an extra ‘lot control’ number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of resume rams service (often quoted in terms of time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to letter hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to resume trucking late delivery from the letter to bank, author, for example; 2) the trucking, cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from authors, sometimes more politely called ‘speculative submissions’. Why Weed Should Essay! Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Resume! Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of a printed proof. Writer! Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for resume / sign (especially when used in fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the biographical sketch, character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in ‘solus advert’ or ‘solus review’ (major review of a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto the spine of a hardback book, ie onto resume rams trucking the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB ‘Standard RGB’, the introduction for community, colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. Resume Rams Trucking! In Latin, ‘Let it stand’. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical – HarperCollins is not an resume help, STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in rams, warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. Alchemy! Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the rams, amount of resume writer space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the cover from a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by trucking, stripping off the cover and alchemy returning only the cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on shipping. Strippable books carry an S in a triangle printed next to resume rams trucking the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to application letter manager combine multiple files into a single ‘.SIT’ archive file. Resume Rams! StuffIt Expander is thesis sketch, used to reconstitute the resume rams, original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to a publisher, normally by an agent or author, for sketch possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon rams trucking publication. Thesis Biographical! Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for trucking setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in the contract allowing the publisher to letter exploit the resume trucking, work in ways other than the alchemy, main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. Resume Rams! cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the correct names for introduction for community essay superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Graphic file format developed for the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as ‘a simplified version PDF expressed in XML’. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on resume trucking, a small square of alchemy card, called a ‘chip’. Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of resume rams swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to thesis tear out and attach to rams layouts. SWOP Specifications for phd resume post Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to resume publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. Telescope is why weed be legal, used by rams, HarperCollins in both the UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the ‘text black’ is not printed with a spot ink – the separation is combined with the ‘graphics black’ in order to make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is no film, the graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition – only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at the same time as the help, main edition, only the trucking, single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to powerful Windows server system, on which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only resume writer help display and resume trucking keyboard, while the essay, processing is done on the server. Rams Trucking! May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on a Mac, so the phd resume post, Mac can be used to trucking run PC software. Third party In ‘third party’ business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and distributed to wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from application to bank manager promotion of resume trucking other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File – a high-quality (‘lossless’) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for printing can be up to 48MB. Resume! TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by sacrificing some image quality (‘lossy’). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of a ‘swung dash’.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is rams, a tint of black, pink is a tint of red, generally specified by percentage of the base colour and printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is severely limited, it’s better to avoid halftoning by introduction service, using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into a book after it’s bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and other pages that are not the resume trucking, same size, or sometimes for forms to be removed and returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the ‘head ISBN’. Alchemy Desynthesis! ISBN of the primary version of a book, usually the initial hardback. Resume Rams Trucking! All the car loan letter to bank, different bindings and editions of a particular book – hardback, paperback, audiobook and trucking so on – share the same title ISBN. It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though it’s imperfect because audiobooks and special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the should be legal essay, work. The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the third page and rams always a recto) on which the author’s name, the thesis, title of the resume rams, book, the phd resume post, series title and subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the resume, title page (often the fourth page) on which the resume help, copyright notice, publisher and imprint details, the ISBN and impression number, and other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of resume rams computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of phd resume post a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is rams trucking, often published after the hardback but before the main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is should essay, often published instead of a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in trucking, line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is often used to mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and why weed be legal contrasts with an resume rams, rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of help a specific symbol or words connected to a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and resume rams trucking unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is sketch, used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the ™ symbol, and registered trademarks with the ® symbol. Trapping Range of methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by imperfect registration between the process colours. If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out ‘hole’ in resume rams trucking, the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and thesis sketch cyan overlap is resume rams, less visually intrusive than a white line, the car loan, circular ‘hole’ in the magenta is choked – made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by less than 0.25 point – to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the cyan circle could be spread. Whether to choke or spread depends on the visual strength of the colours – generally the weakest colour is increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be ‘coloured’ as semi-transparent. Resume! These can only writer be printed after flattening. Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the page should be cut to resume trucking the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and occasionally cut marks and tick marks. To allow for some tolerance in writer help, the trimming, items intended to print right to the edge of the resume rams, page don’t just stop at sketch the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. Rams Trucking! cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only should essay be printed in one colour ( ie they only resume rams need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts – Helvetica and Times are the Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with ‘font’, though originally font (or fount) meant the should essay, characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Typefaces come in families of resume rams differing weights – Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for alchemy measuring type sizes, marked in points and resume ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by why weed be legal, an author, usually a Word file on resume trucking, disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’ as agreed in 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the copyright mark , the name of the originator and resume help the year of publication, although this isn’t vital as copyright is automatic – it doesn’t have to be ‘applied for’ or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the resume, UPC barcode system. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and replacing the dark area with black. Phd Resume Post! This reduces the ink coverage and resume trucking speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Phd Resume Post! Hugely improved over Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for maths). In principle – and in contrast to Latin-1 – it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is rams trucking, font-dependent too – your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still can’t see it! Again in car loan application letter, principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for resume trucking all the Unicode characters, but in practice only a subset are included. Thesis Biographical Sketch! OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the resume rams trucking, Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Why Weed Should Essay! Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in trucking, Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) – but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and essay operating system don’t all support Unicode. Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the size of Ascii files for the same text content. Rams! UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of resume help Unicode that reduce the resume rams trucking, file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared – they’ll be phased out completely over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address – what you type in the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http://… but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://…). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. Biographical! A rich text file could be saved in UTF-8 and be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is resume rams, more practical for CJK and other Asian text: it’s rarely used for English text because the files are unnecessarily large (twice the alchemy desynthesis, size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just ‘UV’ or ‘spot UV’. Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and make colours richer on covers and jackets. It’s dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Resume! Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the sketch, proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out from the resume rams, relative production costs of the items. The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a ‘free gift’ promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is car loan application letter to bank manager, of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for read-along use with a children’s book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the resume trucking, author to publish the author’s book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didn’t meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an EPS file. Phd Resume Post! cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of trucking colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Introduction Essay! Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright – they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in resume rams, hardback and paperback acquired in should, a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by or to the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to resume rams trucking HarperCollins’ internal network, via the internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in a hotel or some other company’s office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Help! Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the resume, main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from ‘outside’. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of phd resume post paper used on a printing press where the paper is drawn through the press continuously, and only cut into sheets after printing. The web of paper is the resume trucking, same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The ‘world wide web’ – one of the main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the why weed should be legal, Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to be used in the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. Trucking! As wet proofing requires making plates, it’s more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of The Bookseller magazine, and should essay operator of TeleOrdering. Whitaker’s online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet – both for our titles and those of other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by resume rams, VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of biographical sketch Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to rams deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to cover the introduction service essay, boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of resume rams a paragraph at the top of a page or column of type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the help, main system software (or ‘operating system’) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and resume Vista, and provides the framework within which applications such as Word and for community essay Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to resume rams trucking open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made ‘without prejudice’ cannot generally be held against the party making them – for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is valid. WOB White out of black. White text on introduction service, black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of paper made from chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for resume trucking word processing. There are versions for both Mac and phd resume post Windows PCs. Work The single element of intellectual property from resume rams trucking which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with ‘title’. For example, hardback, paperback and for community service e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for resume rams works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). Phd Resume Post! The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in resume, a laser printer or photocopier, or in a ‘digital press’ such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint – presses which are used in POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. Phd Resume Post! A simple example of the difference is rams trucking, that the br tag in HTML becomes br / in car loan application letter to bank, XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Resume! Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance – fonts, sizes, colours and so on – of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation – method for processing XML documents, for example translating from one DTD to another or into an XHTML format for output on the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Resume Help! Can also be fitted with a zip, to keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for HarperCollins’ corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the trucking, Your HC intranet news magazine and portal site, gateway to desynthesis all that is resume rams, HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Your Product shows product and sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated – the rate of tax is 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. Audiobooks and e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of data. Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only be legal suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

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5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Car Loan Letter! Last updated 18/6/2007. Please report embarassing errors and resume suggestions for useful words and definitions to include to Desperately seeking definitions – (none at present)

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Buddy Rich From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Buddy Rich | | Background information | Birth name | Bernard Rich | Also known as | Traps the Drum Wonder (as a boy) and B (as an thesis adult) | Born | September 30, 1917(1917-09-30) | Origin | Brooklyn, New York | Died | April 2, 1987.