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Nafta and term paper

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beth lipman resume Rhode Island School of nafta and term paper, Design , Providence, RI. Master of Fine Arts - Glass 2011-2013. Alfred University , New York State College of for college, Ceramics, Alfred, NY. Bachelor of Fine Arts Honors 2007-2011. Bee Space, St. Nafta And Term Paper. Anna and environmental thesis Holy Trinity Church, Brooklyn, NY /2015.

Weeded Out and Woven In, Philly Warehouse Gallery, Philadelphia, PA /2014. Nafta And Term. Iron Gall Drawing Replication, RISD Museum , Providence, RI / 2013. Help. Growth: Solo Thesis Exhibition, Burnside Manor , Providence, RI / 2013. And Term Paper. RISD Grad Thesis Exhibition, Rhode Island Convention Center, Providence, RI / 2013. Glass Biannual, Sol Koffler Gallery, Providence, RI / 2013. Glass Triennial, Woods Gerry Gallery, Providence, RI / 2013. Hulman. Glass Art Auction , National Liberty Museum, Philadelphia, PA / 2011. Buds, Blossoms Berries: Plants in Science , Culture Art Everhart Museum, Scranton, PA / 2011. School of nafta and term, Art and DesignЂ™s Profile 2011 Exhibition , NYC, NY / 2011. BFA Thesis Exhibition , Alfred University, Alfred, NY / 2011. From the Natural , Sculpture Gallery, Alfred, NY / 2010.

Keeper Nott Silent Auction , Mocha Joka Gallery, Alfred, NY / 2010. Instructor Show, BuckЂ™s Rock, New Milford, CT / 2009-2010. Hulman. Women Who Blow Glass, Turner Gallery, Alfred, NY / 2009. Hotshop Staff , GlassRoots, Newark, NJ / 2015-present. Studio Assistant , artist Beth Lipman, Beth Lipman LLC, Sheboygan Falls, WI / 2012-2015. Responsible for fabrication of all types of work made in glass using most glass techniques. Packaging, shipping and installation of work. . Studio Assistant , artist Deborah Czeresko, Brooklyn, NY / 2013-2014. Assist in the fabrication of blown glass lamps and sculptures as well as general studio assistants. Studio Assistant, artist Misha Kahn, Millville, NJ, and Brooklyn, NY / 2013.

Coordinate the nafta and term paper glass studio with a furniture maker while assisting in the production of admissions essay, glass and resin sculptures. And Term Paper. Fabrication of leather upholstered furniture and art pieces for rose admissions essay, commercial use. Office Assistant , Ђњ RISD Glass DepartmentЂќ Professor Rachel Berwick, . Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI / 2011-2012. Manage website, department head's schedule, all department events, advertising for RISD Glass, manage hallway display and gallery space for and term paper, critiques. Thesistools Help. Glassblowing Assistant , Corning Residency artist Beth Lipman, Corning, NY / 2011. Assist is the production of the artist's work during residency. Program Coordinator , Glass Artineering Alfred University, Alfred, NY / 2010-2011. Create and develop program where glass art students and glass engineering students share information and resources to further the knowledge of nafta, glass and it's material properties. Glassblowing Assistant , artist Angus Powers, Alfred, NY / 2010-2011. Assist is the production of the artist's work in environmental glass blowing studio.

Glass Blowing Instructor , GlassRoots, Newark, NJ / 2015-present. Glass: Hot Shop, Teacher, Urban Glass, Brooklyn, NY/ 2013-present. Teach classes to both teens and adults in and term hot glass sculpting and blowing. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. Stained Glass, Teacher, John Michael Kohler Arts Center, Sheboygan, WI/ 2014. Teach adults copper foil method of stained glass. Nafta And Term. PRATT Glass, Teaching Assistant, Urban Glass, Brooklyn, NY. Instructor Stefanie Pender / 2013.

Assist in thesistools the teaching of: glassblowing. Glass Prototypes: casting , Teaching Assistant, Ox-Bow, Saugatuck, MI . Professor Norwood Viviano / 2013. And Term. Assist in the teaching of: kiln formed glass, hot casting, and slumping. Glass IB Studio , Teaching Assistant, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI Professor Jocelyne Prince / 2013. Thesis. Assist in the teaching of: Sophomore glass class focusing on Alchemy in glass and Writing as process for nafta, making. Repurposing the 5 paragraph essay Glass Component: Mold Making as Simulacra , Teaching Assistant, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI, Instructor Josefina Mu±oz / 2013. Assist in the teaching of: kiln formed glass. Lux Obscura , Teaching Assistant, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI Instructor Stefanie Pender / 2012. Assist in the teaching of: Glass as lens, using glass in camera obscura and wet plate calodian.

Glass Sculpting , Teaching Assistant, Rhode Island School of nafta and term paper, Design, Providence, RI Instructor Chris Taylor / 2012. Assist in the teaching of: beginning glassblowing class for sophomores. Senior Glass , Teaching Assistant, Rhode Island School of thesistools, Design, Providence, RI Professor Rachel Berwick / 2011. Assist in critiques and developing students work. Introduction to nafta and term Glass , Teaching Assistant, Alfred University, Alfred, NY Professor Fred Tschida / 2011. Thesistools. Assist in nafta paper the teaching of: beginning glass blowing and hot casting class for admission, sophomores. Advanced Glassblowing , Teaching Assistant, Alfred University, Alfred, NY Professor Angus Powers / 2010.

Assist in the teaching of: Advanced hot glass techniques. BuckЂ™s Rock Creative and Performing Arts Camp , Glassblowing Instructor, New Milford, CT / 2009-2011. And Term Paper. Teach glass blowing as sculpting to thesis teens ages 10-18 . Resident Artist , Corning Museum of Glass Studio, Corning, NY / 2015. Fellowship and Assistantship , RISD, Providence, RI / 2011-2013. Wingate Fellowship Award , Nomination, Alfred University, Alfred, NY / 2010. Nafta Paper. Alfred/Pilchuck Scholarship , Alfred, NY, and Stanwood, WA / 2009. Descriptive Essay Place. Performing Arts Scholarship , Alfred, NY / 2009. Miller Portfolio Scholarship , Alfred University, Alfred, NY / 2007-2011. Presidential Scholarship , Alfred University, Alfred, NY / 2007-2011. And Term Paper. Pilchuck Glass School, Stanwood, WA Hot Sculpting with Karen Willenbrink-Johnsen Jasen Johnsen / 2010.

Corning Museum of Glass Studios, Corning, NY Murrine with Giles Bettison / 2010. Corning Museum of on a dream place, Glass Studios, Corning, NY Introduction to Venetian Techniques with William Gudenrath / 2009. Nafta. Studio Art Centers International (SACI), Florence, Italy Drawing and thesistools help Fresco Painting / 2008. Corning Museum of Glass Studios, Corning, NY Vessel Forms with Eric Mead / 2006. Corning Museum of and term paper, Glass Studios, Corning, NY Not Just Goblets with Laura Donefer / 2005.

Glass : blowing, hot sculpting, cold working, hot casting, kiln forming, stained glass, flame working, instillation. Metal : TIG welding, oxy/acetylene cutting, bending, grinding. Fiber Arts : sewing, knitting, felting, crocheting, embroidering, costume construction, leather. Resin, Wood: construction and hand carving. Digital and pin hole camera photography, lighting, and video.

Computer : Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, iWeb, iMovie, Microsoft Office. Other: toilet paper, bugs, flocking, salt, and essay question application monofilament. Copyright © 2015, [Emma Stein]. Nafta Paper. All rights reserved.

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MVP for nafta and term paper, Android: how to organize the presentation layer. MVP (Model View Presenter) pattern is a derivative from the well known MVC (Model View Controller), which for a while now is rose hulman admissions essay, gaining importance in the development of and term, Android applications. There are more and more people talking about it, but yet very few reliable and structured information. That is why I wanted to essay, use this blog to encourage the discussion and bring all our knowledge to apply it in the best possible way to nafta, our projects. The MVP pattern allows separate the presentation layer from the logic , so that everything about how the help, interface works is separated from and term how we represent it on screen.

Ideally the write easy 5 paragraph essay, MVP pattern would achieve that same logic might have completely different and interchangeable views. First thing to clarify is that MVP is not an architectural pattern , it’s only responsible for the presentation layer . In any case it is nafta, always better to use it for your architecture that not using it at all. In Android we have a problem arising from the fact that Android activities are closely coupled to both interface and data access mechanisms. We can find extreme examples such as CursorAdapter, which mix adapters, which are part of the view, with cursors, something that should be relegated to thesis, the depths of data access layer . For an nafta paper application to be easily extensible and write easy maintainable we need to define well separated layers. Nafta! What do we do tomorrow if, instead of retrieving the same data from a database, we need to do it from a web service?

We would have to redo our entire view . MVP makes views independent from our data source. We divide the application into at least three different layers, which let us test them independently. With MVP we are able to easy essay, take most of nafta paper, logic out from the activities so that we can test it without using instrumentation tests. Well, this is where it all starts to become more diffuse. Environmental! There are many variations of nafta, MVP and everyone can adjust the pattern idea to ??their needs and the way they feel more comfortable.

The pattern varies depending basically on autobiographical essay the amount of and term, responsibilities that we delegate to the presenter. Is the view responsible to enable or disable a progress bar, or should it be done by the presenter? And who decides which actions should be shown in the Action Bar? That’s where the essay for college, tough decisions begin . I will show how I usually work, but I want this article to be more a place for paper, discussion that strict guidelines on how to apply MVP, because up to know there is no “standard” way to implement it . The presenter is responsible to question application, act as the middle man between view and model . It retrieves data from the model and returns it formatted to the view. But unlike the typical MVC, it also decides what happens when you interact with the view. The view, usually implemented by an Activity (it may be a Fragment, a View… depending on nafta and term how the app is structured), will contain a reference to help, the presenter. Presenter will be ideally provided by a dependency injector such as Dagger, but in case you don’t use something like this, it will be responsible for creating the nafta and term paper, presenter object. The only essay question for college, thing that the view will do is calling a method from the presenter every time there is an interface action (a button click for example). In an application with a good layered architecture, this model would only be the and term, gateway to the domain layer or business logic. If we were using the Uncle Bob clean architecture , the model would probably be an interactor that implements a use case.

But this is essay question for college application, another topic that I’d like to discuss in future articles. Paper! For now, it is enough to see it as the provider of the data we want to display in the view. As it is thesistools help, a bit lengthy to explain , I created an MVP example on Github consisting of a login screen that validates the data and allows access to a home with a list of nafta and term, items that are retrieved from the model. For College Admission! This article does not explain any code because it is quite simple, but if you see that you find it difficult to understand I may create another article explaining it in detail. Separating interface from logic in Android is not easy, but the Model-View-Presenter pattern makes a little easier to prevent our activities end up degrading into very coupled classes consisting on hundreds or even thousands of lines. In large applications it is essential to organize our code well.

If not, it becomes impossible to maintain and extend. I’m in love with Kotlin. I’ve been learning about it for nafta and term, a couple of question application, years, applying it to nafta and term paper, Android and digesting all this knowledge so that you can learn it with no effort. This is something that I have been attempting to implement without realising it. This is descriptive essay on a, very useful and has definitely pointed me in nafta, the right direction. I would be interested in how to structure classes in essay application, an app where there is little ui and mostly services working in the background. Services will be mostly domain layer.

MVP only nafta and term paper, takes part in presentation layer, so there won’t be probably almost any relationship between them. If you need to feed the environmental law+phd, views with information from paper services, then I would use some kind of Observer pattern or event bus. Cool! Agree with your point. Take one scenario where the View layer is not active (App is in background) and autobiographical for college , a Notification update is required from the nafta and term, service (In the notification tray , such as a download progress) , what is the best way to do this? Since the notification update is a UI operation , is it recommended to construct and autobiographical for college admission show the nafta paper, notification from the service itself? Observer pattern or event bus would have been fine if your activity or fragment was alive at the other end (in the View layer) to listen to the event.

So , in this case creating and showing a UI component from the domain layer (Service) will break the hulman essay, MVP conventions? In that case, you can consider the notification as an external component you communicate with, instead of a UI component. The service could interact with a component that “notifies changes”. The real implementation would just show or update a notification. If tomorrow you also need to notify to another service (let’s say firebase or your own server), everything can be tackled from there without changing the rest of the code. Do you think there is an advantage to adding the nafta, view through the constructor and having lifecycle methods in the presenter versus having the view add itself through a setter method in onResume and remove itself in admissions, onPause? I tend to add to it via constructor (injected in fact) and notify the and term paper, presenter from the view when there’s is an event from the environmental law+phd, view that the presenter must be aware of. For simplicity I call them onResume or onPause for instance in the presenter. But take into account that view has not necessarily to be an activity, so I try not to add too much life cycle verbosity into presenters. How do you inject the view into the presenter?

I have just started to follow MVP and now I need a factory for each presenter. Do you do it in some other way? For example I have the following interfaces: public interface CalendarsPresenter. void addPickedCalendar(Calendar calendar); void removeCalendar(Calendar calendar); public interface CalendarsView. void showCalendars(List calendars); void showCalendarPicker(List alreadyChosenCalendars); And a Fragment that looks like this: public CalendarsFragment extends Fragment implements CalendarsView. @Inject CalendarsPresenterFactory mCalendarsPresenterFactory; private CalendarPresenterFactory mCalendarPresenter; public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) Very nice approach clean and beautiful! #128578;

I implement injection using Dagger. I create a Dagger module for each activity that injects the presenter and the view (usually the activity itself). If you decide to use Dagger, search about scope modules. They are very useful because they only live the nafta, time their scope is active, and memory is not filled with objects and singletons that won’t be used again. Thats exactly what I do, I get a reference to my global object graph and plus a short lived module to get extended graph. I actually use Dagger already but I have abstracted dagger away so that I can change it in the future if I want. #128578; But sure, I will search for scope modules! #128578; Can you provide a code example? Yes, you have some links at the post. Thank you, but do you have any code example about “injection using Dagger” (see your comment of April 18, 2014 )?

No, not at the moment. I’m planning to write about it quite soon. dagger(Square) is out of rose hulman admissions, date , you should use Dagger 2 develop by google. You’re reading an article that’s two years old, it’s obviously out of date… BTW, this article is and term, related to MVP and not Dagger, the ideas are still valid, and Dagger is just mentioned, not even used in the example. Great article, I’m very interested in this area and I think more people should try to adopt these patterns. I guess one of the essay admission, benefits of decoupling these layers would be easier testing (injecting dummy dependencies etc.), are you able to provide any insight to this aspect of MVP in android?

Very interesting and a really useful example. This brings me a couple of questions, for paper, example, how do you deal with a CursorAdapter? do you just stop using them? and how to deal with adapters at all? are they just considered another kind of view that load their own presenter? I don’t use Cursor Adapters, don’t like them because they don’t let me separate layers in a good way. Descriptive Essay Dream Place! I consider adapters as part of views, presenters don’t know anything about context or, in nafta, most of cases, Android SDK. And how will you use it with an adapter? Will you make an specific presenter for the adapter row? No, presenter provides the environmental, activity the items, and it’s the activity who creates its own adapter. Nafta! I don’t want the write easy, presenter to know that adapters even exists. If view changes, for instance I need to change my ListView and use a LinearLayout, the nafta and term, presenter doesn’t change. Then i hava to do a couple of descriptive essay, tests by myself #128578;

Hard to see how to and term paper, implement some things, but really this seems the right approach. I think adapter row is better to autobiographical for college admission, be mapped to a presenter(presentation model or view model), especially when the row layout is complicated, for a clear separation. And Term! If you are interested, you can take a look at an example here – Album-sample is an question for college android rewrite(based on RoboBinding) of Martin Fowler’s original one. i’m sorry for maybe stupid question, but is it necessary to create mvp-bunch for all android activity?

If i have one login activity, list activity, another activity… i must create model, view and and term presenter for help, all of nafta and term paper, them? Sure, it should be that way. There are some cases where this structure is too much work for little benefit, so it’s up to essay, you to nafta and term, decide where to use it. Hi Antonio, Good to see many people are interested on the topic. I would like to introduce our framework to you. You may be interested – RoboBinding(, A data-binding Presentation Model framework for the Android platform. Sure! I will take a look. Hi Antonio, we are updating the docs for the project these days, but most of the docs are updated and transferred from the old docs now.

We like to hulman essay, hear the nafta and term paper, feedback from you if there is descriptive essay dream, any once you have had a look. Nafta And Term! whatever good or bad ones will be appreciated. Hi Antonio, I’ve been reading through your blog and I would like to adapt your MVP proposal for rose hulman essay, my Android app. I’m using the AsyncTaskLoader to fill my Views and now I would like to ask how you would implement Loaders in and term, this pattern. Can you give me any suggestions? I wouldn’t. I use android-priority-queue from path for asynchronous interaction. My interactora are in fact jobs. That way, any domain interaction is performed outside the main thread. Hi, thanks for the response. Easy Essay! Another question, how do you deal with content providers?

I tried to nafta, seperate my app in 3 layers. (presentation, application and persistence) In order to descriptive on a place, call a content provider I need a Context object, do I have to pass it in at the presentation boundary and send it through the nafta, interactor to the database boundary? This seems to rose essay, break all the seperation to and term paper, me. Once again, dependency injection to the rescue. You don’t need that Context travels through all layers, just simply inject it where you need it. Essay Application! If you haven’t, read the nafta, articles I’m writing in hulman essay, this blog about DI and Dagger. There are already 2 out of 3 posts released. hi Antonio, I’ve been reading through this post and nafta and term paper this particular comment confused me. will you give example about how using android-priority-queue job as interactor? Though this is Kotlin, I implemented like that in this repo: Check the implementation of the help, interactor executor. Hi Antonio, good post.

I’ve just started looking through MVP and paper I have a question. In your example there is this part in the class MainPresenterImpl: @Override public void onItemClicked(int position) mainView.showMessage(String.format(“Position %d clicked”, position + 1)); For instance, you decide to modify your view’s structure and want to show a custom dialog box that requires more information instead of a Toast message. Write Essay! In this case, what approach would you use ? 1-Change the MainVew interface, adding parameters. 2-Leave the MainActivity responsible for it, without passing it to the presenter layer. You could change the implementation of nafta, showMessage in order to essay admission, show a Dialog instead of and term paper, Toast, and a call back to 5 paragraph essay, the presenter when the user clicks on an option to let the presenter decide the next step. Actually, what I mean is the necessity of adding new parameters, for instance.

I would have to change the MainView interface and Presenter implementation, not only MainActivity. In fact it’s related to View layer, but I would have to change my presentation layer as well. Just in nafta and term paper, doubt how far we should go to abstract the View layer job. Refactoring happens often. It’s difficult to foresee any possible changes, but you find those changes localized in a scoped and predictable place. I think that there is a problem. Architecture would be something like that: Delivery system : Activity, Fragment, Service and environmental other Android related stuff.

Knew about core, core mustnt knew anything about delivery (android stuff). Presenter lives on delivery side. – has a relationship of boundarie (interface) when calling Interactor (transaction, could be command pattern) – and implements boundarie interface on response of Interactor (Observer pattern). – Boundaries are interfaces: – Interactors implements them when request is made (transaction) from presenter. -or interactors trigger them (has a relationship) when response is made, presenters than implemets this boundaries interfaces. -Interactor is USE CASE of the application. It lives in CORE, not on nafta a delivery side as in example and mustn knew anything about Android. So hier is a problem because Android must almost always do work in dream, some kind of thread outside of Main UI thread. -Entity lives in core and represent business rules or business object (POJO) used by interactors. Entities dont knew anything about nafta, database, UI or Android. -Gateways (interfaces) lives in core and are responsable for rose essay, handling database ( dao or repository).

-Database layer: there are concrete implementation of gataways (dao, repositorie) and SqlLiteOpenHelper, SqlLiteDatabase or Content providers. Implemetation of dao-s with Android API. -Models or DTO objects can be for request and paper response data between layers. Once again how to write easy, separate Interactors that must be in core layer and nafta paper are triggered from Presenter and have some kind of thread (mustnt knew about Android Looper, Handler or AsyncTask…)? And when thread is finished and on a place result process how to get back result. Sure, as I said MVP is paper, not itself an architecture pattern, and this example doesn’t try to implement any kind of layer architecture. As you said, interactors shouldn’t know anything about Android. There are ways to do threads only using Java, but even Android tools can be used by thesistools using dependency inversion. Core can use Android functions via interfaces and nafta and term dependency injection. Hulman! Your framework layer can implement an nafta interface with the methods you need in environmental law+phd, your interactor.

You could, for instance, wrap an AsyncTask with a core class, use that core class as the basis of nafta and term, asynchronous calls, and law+phd thesis communicate back via Callbacks or an event bus. And how will you use it with an and term adapter if the user can interact with a row (e.g. a button in the rows triggers a rest call) Thanks for the reply and clarification. I’ll try to do as you said. Good Blog with good examples. It ‘s quite difficult to have a good clean architecture and loosely coupled in easy essay, Android. All these Broadcast receivers, intents, handlers, loopers , asyncTasks, activity and fragment callbacks, play services callbacks., loaders, adapters.. It’s hard to achive separation of nafta and term paper, concerns. Admissions Essay! I’m wriiting Android application for paper, my diploma (maps v2, activity recognition, fused location providers, geofences, some kind tracking app with background services…) and I would like to have clear architecture as uncle Bob suggest, but its hard, verry hard.

To much wrappers, interfaces, houndreds of small classes and interfaces. I have already wrote this app. It worked but it was a code mess. Now I’m completly rewritting this app with better architecture in write essay, mind and abstractions, patterns… I would like to write an app in nafta, core layer with Robolectric tests and question for college application then the other stuff UI, DB (which I already have from before). Could you please explain, how you implement MVP with an adapter? I’m very interested in your approach… I just consider it part of the view. The presenter will provide the items to be shown in and term, the list. The view will then create an adapter and subscribe to onItemClickListener.

Presenter will be informed when an item is clicked. OK thanks for your reply. Are you using a EventBus library in your apps? How do like the idea to decouple business logic from the presentation layer with the EventBus pattern? Yes, I use Otto. All my interactors (use cases) are asynchronous and communicate with presenter via Otto. Nice and what library are you using for your network layer? Volley, Ion, RoboSpice…?

Sorry for all the question but structuring Android apps is a really interesting topic and I like to talk to other developers how they do that. Cheng Wei, all the thesistools, github links you have posted are invalid! Please explain how to access them. No problem! It depends on the project, but I use Retrofit and OkHttp whenever I can. Retrofit is magic #128578; How are you using your MVP approach when your are dealing with Fragments? Has every Fragment it’s own MVP classes or are Fragments “views only” and they get their data and behavior over paper the presenter from the parent activity? I use the rose admissions, second approach almost always. But there are places where the first approach fits better, for instance in nafta paper, fragments related to navigation drawer options. Ok thanks, sounds great!

Are you using any testing frameworks? Could you maybe post test cases for the login module in your MVP example? If i have following method: which lines of code should be a part of the rose hulman admissions essay, presenter and which should be a part of the view. I do not see the difference with MVC just yet…I used an MVC approach before, and I noticed that having a man-in-the-middle (controller/presenter) bugging me. Adding/changing something just gave me extra work, as I ALWAYS had to change the activity and controller… I just keep everything in the activity and big things in separate classes to nafta and term paper, be handled if it is essay admission, generic… I think I might be wrong, but I did not find a way for this to contribute to my Android development…speed nor clear readable code. The concepts are very similar. We could call it MVC if we used the and term, activity as controller, but we are considering part of the view here, so the user interaction goes directly to View (activity) and not to the middle-man.

Separation of concerns give lots of advantages in terms of testing, reusing and modifying when working in a project where the scope is changed easily. From my experience, it’s also much easier to detect when bugs are, because layers are well defined and every one has its own responsibilty. Probably in small projects that won’t evolve in future, this approach won’t help very much. Could you maybe post a more complex example of your mvp approach (e.g. with adapters, custom views, fragments…)? I would be very helpfull to umderstand how things work together. I’m not convinced by help your implementation. First of all: thanks for sharing this and for starting this important discussion. Your code is very clean and, from a java standpoint is perfectly fine. Still, it doesn’t take into account the activity lifecycle at all. Specifically: your implementation use an Handler to nafta, perform the thesistools, login notifying an and term paper interface when done. While the login is performed in background multiple things can happens to autobiographical essay, your activity:

A) it can be destroyed to and term, be recreated (cause the user rotated the device / cause an incoming call has come or the user switched activity) B) it can be destroyed cause the user exit the app tired to wait. for case A) you don’t save any state and thus do not show the user the progress bar while logging in. The user may click again for login of be puzzled by that. And if an write easy essay error occur you do not show it to nafta paper, the user because the notification reach the previous activity. for case B) the user close the activity but if the login is successful the app open the new activity anyway. Picture the user interaction: 2. back to close. 3. hey it opened again even if I closed it. Furthermore, since your interface is actually a reference to the activity you are creating a memory leak while the thesistools help, background process is running you may keep an already destroyed activity in memory until the login is completed. To properly handle stuff like this you need to make the background process completely separated of the activity and have a way to re-attach to it with your activity when the nafta paper, process resume.

In short: what a Loader do in Android. But if you add the thesistools, loader to the picture everything becomes lot more complicated. I’m not saying MVP is wrong. I just say that is harder to develop *right* with it in nafta and term, Android then in other system. Because of law+phd, how the framework and the app metaphor is build. I would really like to apply a decoupling like that but I don’t see a way to do it taking into account the Activity Lifecycle without making it overly complicated.

Any idea? I’m curious to hear what you and the community think about this. Hi Daniele. Nafta And Term Paper! You are right, but this is a simplified version with its obvious drawbacks. What I do is write easy 5 paragraph essay, using an event bus to nafta paper, decouple interactors from presenters. Presenter subscribes to bus when its view resumes and unsubscribes when it pauses, so in an orientation change it will receive the essay on a, response previously performed.

You will also need to save current status to let the nafta paper, recreated activity know that a login operation is currently executing, as you mentioned. Apart from that, I think any other problem you mentioned is solved. As in a loader, you are dettached when activity pauses an reattached when it resumes. Are you using Otto as Event bus? Anyway, if you are willing to take a suggestion from hulman essay me, I would write in your article / readme in the github that the example doesn’t take into account different thing in the activity lifecycle and that is only meant to show how an MVP is. And may be add the comment you wrote in reply to me as a suggestion on nafta paper how to implement it correctly in Android. Reason: a newbie may not get those issues I wrote about in my first comment. Thank you again for your article and responses. Where do you store your rx.Subscription? in your View or Presenter? I don’t use RxJava, sorry.

Can’t help you on that. How do you handle Android activity recreations using the MVP pattern? The activities should be recreated in the state that they were left. For example, if an android device is rotated while the LoginActivity in your github example project is currently testing if user credentials are correct, progress will be lost. The same could apply for more complex views where data needs to be loaded. For example, the MainActivity in your example recreates the help, Presenter when it a user rotates his device. If the items were loaded before rotating the device, then they will be reloaded when it is rotated, which may confuse the paper, user! How do you handle these “activity requirements” imposed by Android? Nice post, thanks for write easy 5 paragraph essay, it! So what do you finally test? Do you test all those components including Views separately?

So you test View, Presenter and Interactor? If we look at LoginPresenterImpl for example, what do you test here? Are you just assuring the needed method was triggered by mocking LoginView? Can you just briefly describe _what_ you test in these separations? Interesting, and well worth discussing. And Term! Some observations: 1) As Model often refers to some ball of data (smart or dumb) that is persisted or serialized (a fancy struct) in architectural discussion, I prefer the rose admissions, term Interactor (as does your code). And Term Paper! I understand it’s a reference to MVC, but…it’s a confusing term in essay dream, this context. 2) The Interactor is a business class like any other. Paper! The pattern is effectively this: View Presenter — Business. 3) What value to the interfaces provide that couldn’t me more easily provided by javadoc and Mockito?

4) The View and Presenter are very tightly coupled, to the point where they each have a reference to one another. They could easily be the same class with no loss of organization and dream place significantly less boilerplate. The value is in forcing developers to consider the separation of the two most common concerns (view/presentation) instead of writing them as a few giant method in nafta paper, an Activity or Fragment. There is rose hulman, real value there, but it will still be very difficult to break a large Fragment or Activity down more than the (roughly) half this pattern provides without new ideas. The only nafta and term, thing I’ve come up with to further break down monster Activities/Fragments is law+phd, UI-based util classes. Maybe this is enough for the vast majority of cases, but it still feels like there is something missing. I agree with Will. Looking over the Github sample for MVP Example, all I see is a bunch of unnecessary classes and interfaces.

So when multiple developers touch this code and do pull requests, it will be a pain to nafta, review the changes in hulman admissions essay, so many files. Less code can be achieved with good Javadoc and Mockito + Dagger. Did you manage to inject a DI into Android Priority Job Queue? I was wondering if we should limit ourselves to having one Presenter for one View and one View for on Presenter ? I have a case where my View consist of an ActionBar and a ViewPager ( handled by a custom PagerAdapter that creates the Views ). In the constructor of and term paper, my Views I have some initialization things I do such as loading images via http and so on.

Now my solution would be to inject the Presenter that my Activity deals with in my View ( from the pager ) so that I could call something like this.presenter.requestImages(). But I still have one issue remaining, the presenter will provide it through my Interface implemented by the Activity, which should then provide it to the adapter which should retrieve the appropriate view ( how ? ), and on a place then set it. It seems like 3 levels to go through, with a lot of boiler plate to keep track on and term which view in the pager actually requested images. What would be the good approach to organize this kind of View ? My structure is like this : – Activity implements IView. – View[] : How do I deal with the presenter from here ? This is very interesting post. I am a new to hulman, MVC/MVP pattern for android.

I am trying to nafta and term paper, use this pattern for help, my code. But I faced two problems in my code with this pattern. You mentioned that the only job that the paper, view does is calling a method from the presenter when there is an interface action, such as onClick, onClose, onPause, etc. But do we consider onCreate() method as an interface action as well? So I have a several variable initializations in Activity and they are relying on autobiographical the data from nafta and term paper intent.

So when the Activity gets created, it initializes some variables with the essay for college admission, Intent data and launches either dialog A or B depending on the initialized variables. Then should I have the initialization method in presenter and call it from nafta and term onCreate in rose hulman admissions essay, Activity? Or should I put the method in presenter and nafta paper call it from presenter’s constructor? What would be the ideal in autobiographical for college, this case? Also, I get the intent data by calling getIntent() method in and term paper, Activity. So the method needs to take Intent as parameter. I can see one possible ways handle this. One way would be creating a method in View and descriptive essay dream call getIntent() in that method for Activity implementation. Then, we can call that method from nafta and term presenter. But getIntent is not really a View related method, so it doesn’t look correct. Can you help me to find the ideal way to handle this?

I have another question. I found that you shared two examples in GitHub. In MainActivity, onItemClick method calls presenter.onItemClick(position). Then, in presenter, onItemClick method calls mainView.showMessage(…). So in this example, you are not putting any logic in MainActivity at all. Autobiographical For College Admission! It is paper, simply calling onItemClick method so MainActivity doesn’t need to know what onItemClick will do. In LoginActivity, onClick method calls presenter.validateCredentials(username.getText().toString(), password.getText().toString()).

While MainActivity doesn’t know what is going to happen on item click, LoginActivity knows that when user clicks, it will begin to validate credentials. If we wanted to avoid this consistency, we could replace presenter.validateCredentials(..) with presenter.onClick() in LoginActivity and admissions add mainView.getUsername() and nafta paper mainView.getPassword() in LoginView. For College! So in nafta and term, presenter, onClick method can call validateCredentials(mainView.getUesrname(), mainView.getPassword()). I am not sure which one to follow. First one makes more sense to help, me because I don’t want View to know anything other than performing UI actions. But then I will have to create too many getters in View when presenter needs to know more resource information. If I follow the LoginActivity version, I need to put the nafta and term paper, detailed responses for every user action, but I can avoid having getters. What is autobiographical essay admission, your thought on this? Great example! I used your MVP to set a list of items in a Spinner.

My Model deserialized data from JSON and builds ArrayList of paper, String. The Presenter gave the Spinner in my View a way to environmental thesis, setAdapter with a setItems method as shown in your example. For BroadcastReceiver, I have not tried this yet but I think this would be a great solution for decoupling receivers from nafta paper activities. I have an ImageView that I set depending on result from a Service. If my BroadcastReceiver is my Model, then I can use a setImage method in my Presenter that will give the Activity a way to setDrawable on the ImageView based on the result received in the Model! Would this work? Thank @Antonio Leiva… i have a question… I use an Activity as View, has my Presenters.. and Model.. but i use a Service now with connection and essay place binder in and term, Activity. How can i use Service in MVP ? I could i use a Facade Pattern… with Context to create communication with Service and question for college so send facade instance to nafta, my presenter ? Yeah, that’s what I’d do. Environmental Law+phd! The problem if you’re not using dependency injection is that you’ll need to nafta, pass the context throughout the layers. Thanks.. a lot.. I use Dragger sometimes but I’m not very experienced.. Hulman Admissions Essay! now.. #128578;

Could you please post a GIST with your approach? I am curious if you considered adding RxJava to this architecture? It provides all the benefits of AsyncTask and Handlers, but with many state-saving optimizations. Didn’t have time to get into RxJava yet, is one of my pending tasks. And Term Paper! But it will probably work fine in this context, yeah. I wonder why you have all those interfaces and then implementing them, instead of just having concrete classes.

What are the easy 5 paragraph, advantages? Thanks in advance. Ideally we should code against interfaces and not implementations so that they are easy to change, mock, test and keep layers well separated. In practice, you will need to find a balance and create interfaces for what you really need. Thanks for and term, the tip. Can you show how to implement this pattern in hulman, a rest Client with SQLite database persistance. I understand how you make the model and nafta and term the view.

However. you are losing me with the help, API call + SQLite CRUD in the presenter. For Example. I was searching for how to decouple an app’s model layer from paper gui specifics, in this case, Android. I had a look at your example project at rose hulman admissions github and, no offense, but now I know that this is not the way I want to do it. You need no less than 5 java files for a login screen? There must be a simpler way to do it.

I will have to see if this robobinding framework allows for nafta and term paper, something simpler, or maybe I can exploit groovy’s dynamic features, now that it officially supports android. Why not try Mosby MVP framework? It implements the LCE pattern, as well as RxJava and Dagger2. Overall, it is the latest and help greatest in MVP land for and term, Android. Igor, thanks for the pointer. Hello, i’m sorry but I don’t understand why there is something more than Model View Presenter exemple. I’m talking about the interactor. Descriptive On A! Isn’t it a part of th presenter ? I also have a question, which pattern would you choose between MVC and and term paper MVP for an app using Bluetooth Low Energy to “interact” with a remote bluetooth device ? Hello everybody , I have a problem With This pattern , I must to admissions essay, save a preference on the device , but I do not know if put the call on and term the view or model . Essay Question For College Application! Any ideas? How should i process activity intent extras with this pattern? Because my presenter hold reference to some data, and my view(Activity) need to start another activity with their presenter data, should i call getter on presenter from the view or it’s bad practice?

Lets say i’ve an CustomerActivity, which can add new customers or edit ones, this activity will find for customer parcelable in and term paper, extras, if exists than populate the form data, if not leave blank, this activity can be initialized from many activities. The problem is: The activity which starts CustomerActivity for edition will need to send the extra to the intent, but the presenter is holding the question, reference, so i cant call startActivity without getting info from presenter, i’m felling bad with this, there’s another approach? The presenter can use a kind of Navigator, a class which holds a reference to the activity (this is easier if you use a dependency injector such as Dagger), and nafta paper use it to navigate passing the information to this object. I’m trying to question for college, implement a very simple version of MVP. I’ve got a conceptual issue right now which is: If the Presenter should be responsible to talk to the Model to retrieve data to feed the and term paper, View layer with, and if Activities belong to the View layer, what happens when, for instance, a ListItemActivity launches a DetailItemActivity, where the item details are passed from the ListItemActivity to DetailItemActivity by means of a Bundle? I’m trying to find coherence in MVP and thesis the monolithic architecture of Android. In the case I’m describing it seems the paper, View layer (Activity) would need to question, pass data to the Presenter which may do some processing on them and pass such processed/formatted data back to and term, the View layer (i.e. Fragment). To be honest I don’t agree much with considering Activities like dumb objects in the View layer, but that’s why I’m asking here #128578; All these concepts work better with a dependency injector such as Dagger. You could inject a navigator to the presenter, which has the activity context injected too, so when an event triggers a navigation action, the 5 paragraph, presenter receives the action and calls the navigator directly.

You conceptually don’t need to go back to the activity. Nafta Paper! Btw, regarding your feelings about activities not feeling like a dumb object, I’m nowadays studying other alternatives, such as using the Activity as a controller and Fragments as Views. In the end we are attached to the activity lifecycle, so every solution has its own pros and law+phd cons. Thank you Antonio for your superquick reply. I’m trying not to depend on 3rd-party frameworks such as Dagger.

I don’t have anything religious against it, I actually think it’s a great library, but for some projects, like the nafta and term paper, one I’m working on, it’s a bit too much. I’ll stay tuned to essay question, check other alternatives coming up. Hi, thanks for the post. Paper! Im interested to easy 5 paragraph essay, know how you handle the case where a Presenter-backed Activity (lets call it X) is and term, created and thesistools help starts some work, a new Activity is pushed onto the stack and X is killed in the background, the paper, presenter for X calls a load of the autobiographical admission, view methods (show something, change some text, start some animation etc), and then X comes back into and term paper view after having missed all the essay on a, callbacks. As far as I can see using this pattern X and the presenter will be out of sync. I would be interested to know how you handle this case. Nafta! Thx. It depends on many things. You can just cancel the work you’re doing just before moving to the next activity, if that work only is autobiographical for college, only to fill the information of that activity. You can also persist the result of and term paper, that work, which will presumably continue even though the activity is finished (this depends too on essay the architecture of the app). Nafta! You essentially have the same issues you’d have when not using a presenter.

If the activity was destroyed (this is the least probable case), you’ll need to recreate the view anyway, and any info you saved will need to be informed to the presenter. If it didn’t, everything will just work. Im released a library to decouple Adapters to apply the mvp pattern. In the sample module you can see that the Adapters get fully decoupled and isolated. I wish you find it useful.

I will be thankful to receive your comments and environmental thesis advises. I have an Activity with multiple Fragments. Nafta And Term! Should I implement all my Fragments with MVP as well? it seems a bit too much….. If every fragment shows a very different kind of information, it may make sense. Rose Admissions! But it depends on what you think is better. I think after the and term, introduction of Data Binding, there aren’t many reasons to go to a MVVM approach instead. Isn’t it the autobiographical essay admission, case?

I didn’t phrase this correctly #128578; I meant that in my opinion there aren’t many reasons to go for MVP and and term paper I now prefer adopting MVVM instead as Data Binding provides us with a quite powerful framework, although still in beta. Hi Antonio, what about a view that has a timer service counting (even if it is paused) ? the activity starts the thesis, service and the presenter should listener for nafta and term paper, bus events? in that way there’s to autobiographical essay, way to test if that is working, then how can it be testable? Thank you for and term, a great sample of code illustrating an android implementation of this concept. I watched a talk by question for college Robert C. Martin on clean code which I really enjoyed but I couldn’t really imagine how it would be implemented. This made me understand it better. I just wonder, what is the paper, point of using an interface for the interactor? I understand that if the interactor want to call methods on the presenter, then the autobiographical essay, presenter would have to nafta, implement some interface because of the essay for college, needs of dependencies to point inwards toward the use cases. But why can’t the and term, interactor just declare some methods public which then the presenter can call? Is it because some other class might want to environmental law+phd thesis, use the interactor which might not use some of those public methods? Also, do you have some other projects using this concept? It would be interesting to see how you would deal with more interactors.

Is this the nafta and term, foundation for 5 paragraph, most of your android projects? Actually there’s no point, just being able to be easy substituted or mocked, but it’s true most times it’s not necessary. I don’t bigger public repos, but it scales really well. Nafta And Term! I tend to hulman, use this architecture whenever I can, yeah, though I’ve been working in the same project for nafta paper, more than a year now, so I’d probably spend some time thinking about it before starting a new project. I recommend you to take a look to a couple of 5 paragraph essay, blogs: and They’re talking a lot about nafta and term paper, these topics recently. Thanks, will check out the blogs. How would you go around the thesis, fact that the Presenter is nafta paper, stateful, and exposes a publicly accessible API? This could be dangerous, if the same Presenter instance ends up in essay question for college, the hands of the another component.

I would prefer a way of and term, indirect message passing from the View to the Presenter, in which it is for college, clear and unambiguous that the and term, View is the only one who could make calls to the Presenter. I would make all Presenter methods private, and rather make the easy 5 paragraph essay, View expose an event bus (many implementations available already) to the Presenter. When a View event happens, the View would rather send an event through the and term, bus, which will be caught by the Presenter, verified if it’s the same view instance, and reacted upon. This makes things a little more decoupled, but adds more complexity as well. I would like to for college application, hear your thoughts on this. I’m not sure if this complexity really provides enough benefits. I prefer being more pragmatic and not to add so much complexity to be extra defensive. And Term! Have you found problems with this approach? I can only think of people in the same team that do a bad use of the presenters. But if the architecture is done properly, probably presenters are only accessible from write 5 paragraph views. I hadn’t heard about your idea before tbh, but looks like it would work too.

Hi there, thanks for nafta, the thorough post. On A Place! I am a bit late with on the mvp bandwagon but I am trying to catch up. You mentioned that you are using dagger together with mvp. How do you deal with the fact that the dependency between the and term paper, presenter and the view is cyclical? I would like to hulman essay, inject stuff like the database helper and the rest client in my presenter but if I understood correctly I can’t since it cannot have a @Inject signed constructor because of that cyclical dependency. Not sure what problem you are referring, but you can take a look at nafta and term paper my repo from Dagger articles. It’s a bit old, and not using Dagger 2, but the idea should be the same:

The thing is you are not injecting fields in the PresenterImpl but passing them as constructor parameters instead of hulman admissions, having a @Inject constructor and the fields injected. public MainPresenterImpl(MainView mainView, FindItemsInteractor findItemsInteractor) and (I think) part of the reason is and term paper, because you can’t inject the view in it while injecting the rose admissions essay, presenter in the view (the circular dependency I was talking about). So the view is passed to the module and then to the presenter itself “manually” because it is and term, not partecipating to the dependency graph. What I missed (and makes your example super useful) is the fact that if I have a FindItemsInteractor as the argument of the provides method, it is resolved by essay for college the graph and I can replace it with a mock one in my tests. Sorry, since now I have been using dagger for trivial injections (as most of the examples around explain). Hope I was clear, your example was :-). Thanks again. This article was a very good start for nafta and term, MVP. However, I got stuck into this problem, where to put SharedPreferences?

I have seen examples where Context is passed to the Presenter, but as you say, it should never go to the Presenter. Also, how to create Model if it is law+phd thesis, void of Context, AsyncTask, SharedPreferences or other Android specific classes. Nafta! I couldn’t find any example of creating Model which would interact with database or the network. What is your approach on this, where to put Context, AsyncTask, SharedPreferences, etc. First of all , thanks a lot for a great tutorial. I am still finding it difficult to understand the overall picture.

So far to construct MVP, one need to know the autobiographical for college, feature one is trying to implement. Meaning in login feature, one has to take username,password and then validate it. Then we need to nafta paper, identify which view plays part in this feature. The view then needs to define what interactions are possible for write, this view. Then the nafta, presenter identifies the core part of feature which is credential validation. Essay! The presenter then delegates the nafta paper, credential validation to the Interactor part. Is interactor part of presenter or part of model? Further in the example you have provided ,the validation is done on environmental law+phd Interactor part.

Say we have two condition, validation using data from database or validation using data from REST API. So , we need to define those portion on interactor part ? Thank you once again for awesome tutorial like this. Hi, is it a good idea when we have a complex view hierarchy to have similar hierarchy of and term, contained presenters and communication via EventBus? What if one presenter is thesistools help, responsible only to handle a given chunk of the nafta and term paper, hierarchy and delegates to write easy essay, child presenters? Very good article that I enjoyed reading – MVP is something that makes so much sense, in terms of decoupling, and nafta designating specific tasks/roles to each layer.

I’ve been using this pattern, and have come to write 5 paragraph, a stumbling block that I’d appreciate your thoughts. So far I’ve implemented a MVP pattern where Models haven’t needed to communicate with other models, however I’ve come to a situation where I need to do this. Nafta! I know that I should do this through the Presenter layer. The problem is that I have 2 Views (Activity’s in this case), 2 Presenters and 2 Models – how do a say communicate to Model B, from essay question for college Model A? Model A has a reference to Presenter A, and Model B has a reference to Presenter B, but not Model A to Presenter B, or Presenter A to nafta and term paper, Model B? Currently the View(Activity) initialises the Presenter which then initialses the Model for each Activity, I have no idea (to mind) where references can be passed between different Presenters. Environmental! The type of structure I require is something like this : – I’m guessing, as I haven’t used a Dependency Injection Library yet, that this is nafta, where it would be made possible by Injecting the easy essay, Presenters, if each Presenter uses the @Singleton annotation, into each model to provide the references to them.

I’ve implemented MVP pattern just like you mentioned. My earlier requirements were very simple. A simple GET request would give me data which Presenter used to pass on and term paper to View. For making network request I’ve used Volley. Now, network API’s have changed. For making a request, each request needs a token. For managing Token, I’ve create TokenManager API. Right now, I’m confused if token should be passed from View to rose hulman essay, Presenter and Presenter will pass the token to nafta and term paper, service API. This will make me write fetching token logic inside View (Fragment class).

Or should I make Network API take care getting fresh token when needed. This will make ServiceAPI having 2 roles (getting actual data and manage token as well) Can you please suggest me a clean approach? The blog post encouraged me to read your code, it is structured very nicely and super clean. Going to bookmark. it is thesistools, indeed a great blog. i want to exlopre more about mvp by going through some more code which involves background sync, services, broadcast receivers, view upading from service etc. Nafta Paper! can i get to see any project build on MVP. Essay Question For College! it would be great help for me. thanks! HI,Antonio,it’s an impressive article about MVP and MVP is new to me .So I wonder can I repost your article into Chinese on my blog?

Of course I will indicate it comes from your blog.It will be great to recive your reply. I have 4 different fragment with different each having as below interfaces but my question is paper, this that do I have to create different interfaces for each fragment as per MVP. void setInvitesAndRequestsList(SOACompleteModel invitesList, InboxRequestResponseModel requestsList, int from, List miniProfileInvitesList); void setInvitesAndRequestsList(List miniProfileInvitesList, int limit, int scrollToPosition, boolean isDownloading, String calledFrom, String refineParams, String mKey, int from); void loadMore(int page, String key); void getInvitesAndRequestsList(String refineParam, String key); void setInvitesAndRequestsList(SOACompleteModel invitesList, InboxRequestResponseModel requestsList, int from, List miniProfileInvitesList); void loadMore(int page, String key, String refineParam); void openProfile(int position, ArrayList minidataListExisting, int sourceSubType, String selectionTypeForInbox, int dbType); void setInvitesAndRequestsList(List miniProfileInvitesList, int limit, int scrollToPosition, boolean isDownloading, String calledFrom, String refineParams, String mKey, int from); void setOnActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data, InboxRequestResponseModel mInboxRequestResponseModel, int from); void getCallDetails(android.view.View v, int position, MiniProfileData miniProfileData); void clearDb(int dbType); void openProfile(int position, ArrayList minidataListExisting, int sourceSubType, String selectionTypeForInbox, int dbType); void getInvitationAndRequestList(int page, String refine, String key); void setOnActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data, InboxRequestResponseModel mInboxRequestResponseModel, int from); void getCallDetails(android.view.View v, int position, MiniProfileData miniProfileData); void clearDb(int dbType); As you said, there are many implementations of MVP, but not all of them designate Activities and Fragments as views. I personally believe, that Activities and Fragments should not contain UI logic at all. Alternative implementation of MVP, where Activities and Fragments are presenters, is described here: What I mean in this article is that this is a way to for college application, model the UI, but the “Model” part of MVP will need an architecture too.

Otherwise you’ll be only moving the problem to another part of the code. If it’s technically an architectural pattern or not is nafta, not that important. Hi, Antonio. I’m very new to Android and I’m trying to wrap my head around the MVP design pattern. I’ve been stuck on the subject of the thesistools help, role the nafta and term, Recyclerview adapters play in all this and how to implement it.

Should I create a separate class for it (and its viewholder) and instantiate it inside the activity or fragment? Or is it better to create it as an inner class in application, the activity/fragment? How do I handle the data related operation that it needs? Call a method from the presenter which would then invoke the corresponding method from the model? If you have or can point me in the directions of a good, simple tutorial (preferably without the use of and term, Dagger, as I feel it complicates things a bit for me), I would appreciate it greatly. Thanks in advance.

Hey Adrian. Rose! I seldom use inner classes, but that’s a matter of taste I guess. Activities and adapters tend to nafta paper, grow fast, so better if they’re independent. Rose Hulman Essay! The activity calls the and term, presenter to update data, the presenter calls the model, and when it receives the data, calls the thesistools, view (the activity in this case) which will update the data in the adapter. The adapter, for me, is part of the view, so the and term paper, presenter doesn’t need to know of thesistools help, its existence. I’ll try to find some time to paper, implement an hulman admissions essay example if it helps, but can’t promise anything. Thanks for the detailed knowledge of MVP. Can you please explain MVP with multiple fragments of an activity with an example. HI Thank you very much. I am learning MVP . I just try receive data from web-services. I go to your FindItemsInteractorImpl.class.

I just implemented in CreateArraylist Methods. And Term Paper! I write the code below. ArrayList beanBlocksIDs=new Arraylist(); Call request = Network.getBaseInstance().getBlocksID(); public void onResponse(Call call, Response response) int statusCode = response.code(); if (statusCode == 200) Log.e(TAG, “response code is law+phd, ” + statusCode); public void onFailure(Call call, Throwable t)

Log.e(TAG, “there was problem in response”,t); Service is working fine.I check on debug. So My point is how can I return arraylist from nafta here. Please let me know. I know your code working fine,Problem is mine. so please help me. Hi Thanks for your wonderful tutorial on mvp.Can you please add one post relating to webservices like volley using mvp pattern.Thanks in advance.

Thank you so much. This is question for college application, really helpful and easy to understand. How do we implement RoboSpice in mvp architecture?? could you give me some tips or an overview? I don’t use RoboSpice, sorry. If I have some time I’ll take a look, but can’t promise. How we gonna handle the presenter when activity is recreated since presenter scope is coupled with activity lifecycle. The data might get lost which is saved in presenter object. When are you going to upload the next tutorial explaining mvp example put on github?

I’m planning to rewrite this article soon with much more info and nafta and term update it. It’s been like 3 years that I wrote this. Dependency injection on Android: Dagger (Part 1) | Antonio Leiva - […] will be a follow-up from my previous post about MVP for Android, because I know some of you are ??Android Weekly???? #124; ????? - […] MVP for environmental law+phd thesis, Android: how to nafta and term paper, organize the presentation layer […] Un ‘stack’ productivo para el desarrollador android #1, Arquitectura #124; Androcode - […] MVP Android – Antonio Leiva […] Android: buenas practicas, arquitectura….. | Sobre IT y mas - […], […] Android MVP—An Alternate Approach | belial#039;s tear - […] ??????????????????Android??MVP(Model-View-Presenter)??????????MVP?????????????Android???????,????? this Wikipedia article, this blog pos? […] Android MVP – Consuming REST with Retrofit and essay on a dream RxAndroid | kmangutov - […] the MVP design pattern is a good way to and term paper, stay sane while working on large […] MVP Pattern Android ? | Android World - […] 1. […] Android??MVP | ??.?? - […] 50?Android????(20 ??MVP??) MVP for law+phd thesis, Android: how to and term paper, organize the presentation layer(????) MVP for Android: how to organize the presentation Dagger with Android: How to inject context when using MVP? - BlogoSfera - […] So to get to law+phd thesis, the point. In my application I’m using MVP as described in this blog post: Android MVP Design Pattern | #onemonthapp #1 #restrospective | whe_green - […] kalau mau baca sumber aslinya bisa mampir kesini […] Deciding how and what to paper, test in a simple android project - BlogoSfera - […] use the essay, MVP (model view presenter) pattern, and nafta and term these are the classes I […] Architectures in Android Applications – Quick Notes | Laur IVAN - […] Antonio Leiva, Konstantin Mikheev, Fernando Cejas (part of the dream place, clean architecture), the nafta paper, Android MVP G+ […] MVP in Android – A Summary | Laur IVAN - […] presenter is the middleman between the model and admissions the model. Paper! You can look at it as a necessary step Android development is more expensive than iOS. Autobiographical Essay For College! - RandRead - […] that we mean something that separates the presentation layer from the and term, business logic, like MVP on thesistools help Android or VIPER on […] It’s All About Architecture - […] #3 – MVP for Android […] Model View Presenter (MVP) no Android, Introducao | Tin Megali - […] As definicoes acima foram extraidas em livre interpretacao do excelente artigo de Antonio Leiva. […] Model View Presenter no Android, parte 2 - […] As definicoes acima foram extraidas em livre interpretacao do excelente artigo de Antonio Leiva. Nafta And Term Paper! […] Model View Presenter MVP no Android, parte 1 - […] These excellent definitions above were extracted from Antonio Leiva’s article. […] Model View Presenter MVP in easy 5 paragraph, Android, part 1 - […] These excellent definitions above were extracted from and term Antonio Leiva’s article. […] Model View Presenter in Android, part 2 - […] These excellent definitions above were extracted from help Antonio Leiva’s article. Paper! […] MVC Pattern for android – SAIFUL DIARY - […] Link1 Example spring-android […] Aprendiendo Kotlin | SwiftDroid - […] MVP – Antonio Leiva – […] MVP and Android? – Mobile Applications and Services Lab - […] I recommend reading Fernandos Cejas’ Architecting Android article, or Antonio Leiva’s MVP for Android.

For information on RxJava, Dan Lew’s Grokking RxJava series What Is A Presentation Layer – - […] MVP for Android: how to organize the essay for college admission, presentation layer – … is a software design pattern that works pretty Weekly Report [12] – Ramos Samue Batubara | GO-PPL - […] Saya sendiri sudah berhasil mengimplementasi MVP dengan mengubah struktur codingan pada ListView. Tujuan nya agar logic pada listview untuk ic218 Android - […] MVP. Nafta And Term Paper! MVP for Android: how to organize the presentation layer Android Code That Scales, With MVP Ted Mosby — Aplicacion “Cliente Spotify” – Primeros pasos – AfrasilvDev - […] algo mas sencillo. Essay Dream Place! Podeis ampliar mas la informacion en el blog de Antonio Leiva (@lime_cl) en ingles o espanol MVP simple – Jacques Giraudel - […] Implementation de Antonio Leiva […] MVP simply – Jacques Giraudel - […] Antonio Leiva’s implementation […] You can change the settings or get more information in nafta and term paper, our Cookies Policy Accept Read More.

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Former Boeing Airplanes chief Mulally gets a warm reception. Alan Mulally, former CEO at nafta and term paper, Boeing Commercial Airplanes and at Ford, spoke in Seattle Wednesday about how he ran both manufacturing operations, the importance of employee morale, and what Washington state must do to prosper. Rose Hulman Essay. Seattle Times aerospace reporter. Andrew Burton / Getty Images, 2013. In this file photo, Alan Mulally, former CEO of Ford and of Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

It was a love-fest-for-all when Alan Mulally the former head of Boeing Commercial Airplanes and, for eight years until July, the hugely successful chief executive at Ford made a long-awaited public re-appearance in Seattle Wednesday. In between the hearty handshakes before he spoke at and term, a breakfast event hosted by the Puget Sound Business Journal and the kisses he enthusiastically blew to the audience at write 5 paragraph, the end, Mulally was welcomed as a conquering hero. From the stage, Mulally talked about his time at nafta, both companies, how he succeeded in leading the two huge manufacturing operations, and what the state needs to do to maintain prosperity. In one how-times-have-changed moment, as Mulally greeted a line of well-wishers after he spoke, he gave a great warm bear hug to Charlie Bofferding, the former executive director of Boeing’s white-collar engineering union. (After some years working as an engineering consultant, Bofferding is now back at Boeing. Before an descriptive on a dream, internal revolt in 2007 ousted him as head of the Society of Professional Engineering Employees in Aerospace (SPEEA), Bofferding had a long and generally good relationship with Mulally. That’s in stark contrast to the SPEEA relationship with Boeing today. Two weeks ago, senior Boeing vice president Tim Keating publicly denounced Bofferding’s successor at SPEEA, Ray Goforth, and and term, accused the rose admissions essay union of and term, disengaging from management.

That attack followed the essay latest in a series of management decisions to shift engineering work out of the Puget Sound region, moves that have seriously damaged morale among the jetmaker’s engineers.) At Wednesday’s event, when asked what perspective his experience at Boeing and paper, Ford gave him on descriptive dream maintaining good labor relations and employee morale, Mulally initially responded with one line. “ Working together really works,” Mulally said, echoing a slogan he constantly repeated when leading the 777 development program in the mid-1990s. He returned to the subject a bit later, saying management must embrace “the power of coming together around a compelling vision . and a strategy to achieve it where everybody benefits.” Mulally said he arrived at and term, Ford in the fall of question, 2006 to find a projection that the company was set to and term, lose $17 billion that year. “And three months later, we achieved it,” he said, to laughter all around. (Actually, Ford lost $13 billion that year.) He then described how he convinced his management team and then the rose admissions whole company that there was a way out, with clear goals set to rationalize production and a relentless and nafta, transparent focus on fixing all the problems besetting the business. During the subsequent global financial crisis, Ford was alone among the big U.S. automakers in not needing a government bailout. Autobiographical Essay. Last year, the company made just over $7 billion in profits.

Mulally said that astonishing turnaround is reflected in surveys Ford conducts among its workers, which now show 89 percent have a positive attitude toward the nafta and term paper company. “Employee morale is really important,” said Mulally. “They like where Ford is going. They like the strategy. They feel they are making a difference.” Of course, success usually does boost morale. When Mulally took the reins at Boeing Commercial Airplanes in 1998, he laid off tens of thousands of workers in this state as he managed through the recovery from a serious production crisis and then the downturn after the 9/11 attacks of 2001. In those tough years between 1998 and 2003, morale was very low at Boeing. But it recovered appreciably for the last three years of help, Mulally’s tenure here, once the 787 was launched and the company began hiring again. At Ford, Mulally managed to avoid the disconnect now facing Boeing’s current leadership: Even though the and term paper jetmaker is enjoying great success with record high production and descriptive essay on a dream, hefty corporate profits morale among the workforce here has recently nose-dived again. In other respects Wednesday, Mulally didn’t sound very different from and term, his Boeing peers. His prescription for dealing with volatility in the global economy is to encourage further free trade agreements.

And asked about prospects for Washington state’s economy, Mulally said the state’s political class needs to continue to dream place, improve business competitiveness versus other states. “We have to continue to look at every element of competitiveness,” Mulally said. Nafta. “There’s no divine right to this wonderful standard of living we have.” Bigger harvests ahead. Key Alaska fisheries look set for strong season. Entering new market. In deal with Alibaba, Costco opens online store for China. Too-hot housing market? Not for condos. Thesistools. There’s a long way to go to close tech gender gap.

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The Thesis - The Foundation of a Great Essay. The thesis statement, from the first to last sentence, must be airtight. The primary argument has to come from a solid base. Law+phd. If there is nafta and term a specific question that needs to be answered, the thesis statement must address it within the conclusion of the thesis, first paragraph. Also, the essay thesis needs to be a plan of attack for and term paper, what the body paragraphs are going to write essay, be about. Click here for more information on writing strong thesis statements. Good writers know that attention to detail is as must.

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While writing good essays is time consuming and tedious, it all comes down to following best practices and being diligent. On A Place. Our writers follow a clear methodology that is both practical and efficient for getting the best possible outcome. Paper. First, make sure to select a good topic that you can write easily about and make sure you can find scholarly materials about it. Next, take some time to plan and make an outline based around a clear thesis statement. Proceed to write the body while adhering to essay dream, strict rules for nafta and term, paragraphs and inclusion of references. Finally, complete your references page and review the draft before submission using quality audit tools.

Here, we recommend the same tools that we use if you were to question, purchase an essay model from us. Essay Topic Selection and Research. Strong topic selection is an important first step. If possible, pick a topic that has lots of available research materials or aligns with items you are studying in other classes. Try to avoid current events as there may be a lack of available research materials. Sample Essay Topics. Death penalty Abortion rights Gun rights Gender inequality. When doing academic research, only nafta and term paper trust reputable sources like JSTOR, Google Scholar, your campus library or academic search engines you have access to.

Lastly, collect the sources that you need first and go through them thoroughly. Now that you have picked a topic and collected some credible sources, it’s time to make a plan. Start by identifying common assumptions about the topic and find common themes. Autobiographical Essay. For example, if exploring the nafta and term, causes of poverty, you will inevitably find out that governments are the ones that control lots of environmental thesis food production and allocation to the people. Paper. Once you have enough evidence to support a general theme, construct a thesis statement and make an outline of the environmental law+phd thesis, core items that support that assertion. If you don't think this step is nafta and term paper necessary, just remember that our writers are trained to follow this process on all purchased sample essay orders. You are ready to start writing. Thesistools Help. Start with an introductory paragraph that funnels down from a broad issue to a specific time and place.

Provide background details as necessary. Then, conclude the introduction with your thesis statement. Body paragraphs should be 5-7 sentences long and start with a topic sentence. Always introduce your quotes and nafta avoid “dropping them” without context. Finish with a conclusion that recaps each main point and make sure not to introduce any new information. Essay References and 5 paragraph Final Review. Finally, construct your works cited page using the right citation style guide. Paper. Depending on the format, you may also need a title page.

Review your final essay by reading it out loud and question for college make sure you addressed your original instructions! You should use EasyBib to quickly build citations in almost any format. Have a friend, teacher or trusted essay editing service review your final draft to nafta and term paper, make sure it is autobiographical essay for college done properly (if you didn't already buy an essay). References and Considerations Before Buying an Essay. While the previous section described summarized steps towards writing an essay, consider going through our extended 14-Step Essay Writing Guide for a more thorough look at each section. It also includes template that you can download as well as color-coded visual aids. You can also learn about and nafta see examples of easy 5 paragraph essay related terms in our extensive glossary section.

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Last updated on and term paper 16 January 2017 . With every order, you can count on the following: Delivered on time 100% original Free revisions Awesome 24/7 support World-class writers. Every order comes with these free features: 275 Words Per Page Free Title Page Free Bibliography Free Revisions American Writers Plagiarism Scan. Connect with a professional writer by placing your first order. The entire order process takes roughly five minutes and we usually match you with a writer within a few hours. Enter code newcust during checkout and save money on your first order. Have more questions? Get in touch with us or explore common questions. Ultius provides an online platform where we connect you with a freelance writer for thesis, sample writing, editing and business writing services. Nafta Paper. The company encourages and expects fair use of admissions essay our services.

Here are the guidelines. Order Revisions i. The company offers free revisions, but there are some limitations like the nafta, deadline and descriptive essay dream place whether we met the original instructions. Sample Writing ii. Custom sample services are for paper, model and easy 5 paragraph reference use only. When referencing our work, you must use a proper citation. i Revisions are offered within seven (7) days of a completed order and are free with a three-day deadline. For earlier deadlines and general changes to core instructions, costs may apply. Explore the full Revision Policy. ii The company does not condone plagiarism, copyright infringement or any form of academic dishonesty.

All provided sample services must only be used for nafta and term, reference purposes while being cited properly. Please read the descriptive essay dream place, Fair Use Policy. Ultius is the nafta, trusted provider of content solutions for consumers around the autobiographical admission, world. Connect with great American writers and get 24/7 support. Ultius is accredited with the Better Business Bureau and has an and term, A+ rating. © 2017 Ultius, Inc.

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