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Phd thesis environmental law
ap lit essay help I’ve written in the past about how the relationships I’ve developed on Twitter have transformed and energized my teaching (How Twitter Saved Me). and how colleagues sometimes look at me with skepticism when I encourage them to take an hour out of their already crazy busy schedules to law+phd thesis, talk to teachers they’ve never met before. But when they finally decide to try out a chat, that first step into the vast Twitter ocean can seem a bit daunting. Sentence On Abortion! While there are several great posts out there on diving into Twitter, I’ve yet to find a simple, straightforward guide to which I can direct my tentative friends. #8230; KEEP READING. Are you considering teaching a unit on power? Or perhaps you are looking for some resources to pair with a major text with a theme of power? Look no further. Environmental! The following list is compiled from a Twitter chat hosted by Talks with Teachers to brainstorm resources for teaching texts dealing with the theme of power. These resources include major works, visual art pieces (click on the link to see the picture), songs, Ted Talks, films, documentaries, writing ideas, question ideas, and more.
Pick and choose what you need to create your own unit. #8230; KEEP READING. Engaging with a Text: Spotlight Reading. I avoided reading Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita for years because of the college paragraph real, book’s content. With so many amazing works of literature to spend time with, why read a novel that explores the mind of environmental law+phd, a disturbed pedophile? I finally decided to about influence on youth, pick up Nabokov’s classic after reading Roy Peter Clark’s book The Art of X-Ray Reading: How the secrets of 25 Great Works of environmental thesis, Literature Will Improve Your Writing. George! Clark’s study of Lolita ’s opening sentences convinced me that content aside, anyone who crafts sentences with such skill and beauty, is an author that I had to read. “Lolita, light of my life, fire of my loins. My sin, my soul. Law+phd! Lo-lee-ta: the tip of the tongue taking a trip of three steps down the essays on stereotypes, palate to tap, at three, on the teeth.
Lo. Lee. Ta.#8221; #8230; KEEP READING. For the Teachers Who Want to Teach Modern Poetry. AP Lit teacher confession: I have never taught an entire poetry collection. Single poems lots. A collection never. Environmental Law+phd Thesis! But when #APBKCHAT introduced me to Counting Descent coupled with Melissa Smith’s push to #teachlivingpoets, I knew this collection would be on this year#8217;s reading list. I fell in love with Smith’s voice, message, and way with words and knew my students would also. Counting Descent is Smith’s first published collection exploring his life, his response to the world around him, and edison essay introduction his questions about history and humanity forcing the reader to do the law+phd thesis, same.
While the subject is weighty, the accessibility of the the red pyramid, words on the page and the free verse form eases the reader to think and question with Smith and exploring the poems feels more like a conversation than a lecture. This is the environmental thesis, perfect collection for high school students. These lessons were birthed out of the APLit PLN as several of us began the year with Counting Descent; these ideas are also transferable to teaching any poetry collection. #8230; KEEP READING. Slow and Steady Literary Analysis. Maybe you can relate to me. Type A. Thesis Sentence! Monitor for the quickest moving rather than the shortest check out line.
Get things done. A minimum of five tabs open at environmental law+phd thesis a time on essays on stereotypes the computer. Don’t sit still well. Sound familiar? My high capacity disposition serves me well in most areas of thesis, life except for when it comes to essay, teaching literary analysis. Environmental Law+phd! Unpacking a text is slow, tedious work. Teaching students to george orwell, unpack a text can be even slower and more tedious.
Slow, tedious work is difficult for thesis, me; I operate best in fast and furious mode. This year, however, I am making a change: I am slowing down way down. I have always struggled with teaching novels. How does a teacher exactly teach a novel? Back in my day, we read novels, the orwell collection, teacher lectured on the novel, we tested on the novel, and then moved on to the next text.
This is not really my style of teaching. Environmental Law+phd Thesis! My style is more creating experiences for students to interact with the essay real writing, text and make meaning, and while I do a good job providing these experiences, I still rush my students through the process. #8230; KEEP READING. A few years ago, I was trying to law+phd thesis, figure out how to essays on stereotypes, get my AP Literature students to go beyond the surface in their analysis. Their essays mostly stayed in “safe” territory, rarely venturing beyond paraphrase and, when they dealt with theme at all, tentative stabs at law+phd thesis topic: “Frankenstein’s monster shows the effect of society on personality.” or “Kafka’s Metamorphosis is about the meaninglessness of media influence, life.” The ideas in their essays weren’t necessarily wrong, but because they were so surface level, they never really dug into deeper, more focused meanings in the texts and led to similarly unfocused essays, not really sure what they were trying to say. #8230; KEEP READING. There are two types of grocery shoppers; those who shop by a list and those who wing it. I’m a hybrid of thesis, these two types making and essay about media on youth taking my list but falling trap to the end cap displays and piling flavored coffee, nutritional breakfast bars, and Oreos into the shopping cart (or the buggy where I’m from). Classroom teaching is similar. Law+phd! I plan and give myself the pyramid report, stick-to-the-plan pep talk at the beginning of the year but end up throwing the latest technology, newest novel, or current professional development idea into the mix and by the time I’m checking out in May my cart is law+phd thesis, overflowing with all kinds of items that may or may not add nourishment to the learning soul of my students. I went into this year knowing I needed to have some type of plan to keep me focused but one that also allowed for flexibility and Oreo eating on occassion. #8230; KEEP READING. Media Influence! The Jock, The Academic, and The Boy in the Back of the Room. On the first day of every school year the bell rings and students, in law+phd my case seniors, walk in, shake my hand, sit where they will, and essays wait to see what kind of environmental thesis, teacher I will be.
I go through the same process with them. Each student requires something different from me, so I need to understand students individually if I am going to help them grow into college essay real writing critical readers, writers, and thinkers. I refuse to environmental law+phd thesis, listen to past teachers’ reports on my new students’ personalities or proclivities. I refuse to essays on stereotypes, prejudge my students. To be effective, I must know my students and environmental law+phd thesis I must know them well based on my experiences. #8230; KEEP READING. The first time I used blogs was the first year I taught AP Literature. It was one piece of one assignment, highly structured, and, to be honest, we didn’t really know what we were doing. That was pretty much it for a while. George Collection! Several years later, Brian Sztabnik was looking for readers for his students’ blogs . I volunteered and had a great time responding to his students and looking around to figure out what he was doing. It put blogging back on environmental law+phd thesis my radar. Essay Real Writing! #8230; KEEP READING. Summer means family, rest, and for most teachers, professional reading.
Here#8217;s what some people in our community have been reading this summer: This ebook is a gem and is FREE. Shanna Peeples, 2015 National Teacher of the Year, shares her learned lessons on fear, living, time management, and other subjects that teachers and people need to consider. This book is part inspirational, part instructional, and all Shanna. As an added bonus, the ebook is full of hyperlinks to authors, sites, and books that go with each lesson; this in itself is invaluable.
This book is divided into seven chapters which taken week by week would be a great way to start the first seven weeks of law+phd thesis, school. #8230; KEEP READING.
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Phd thesis environmental law
How to Write a Masterpiece of a Resume. This award-winning guide to resume writing will teach you to write a resume equal to environmental law+phd thesis one done by a top-notch professional writer. College Reading Writing. It offers examples, format choices, help writing the objective, the summary and other sections. It is one of the most trusted resume-writing guide on the planet, recently updated, and viewed by more than 20 million people. Define your target market Play up transferrable skills Key in on the tribe.
First: Focus Your Objective Your Summary Skills and law+phd thesis Accomplishments. Own your digital footprint Use social media to your advantage Leverage keywords. Visual appeal, format, and length Consistency Details that matter. Writing a great resume does not necessarily mean you should follow the book rules you hear through the grapevine. It does not have to be one page or follow a specific resume format. Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. Environmental Law+phd. Instead of a bunch of rules and tips, we are going to cut to the chase in this brief guide and offer you the the red pyramid report most basic principles of writing a highly effective resume. Who are we to be telling you how to write your resume? Our specialty at environmental, Rockport Institute is career change coaching, counseling and the red pyramid consulting.
We help clients design and change to a new career or job, one they will love; work that makes full use of thesis their talents, fits their personality, their values, and is also practical, from Fortune 500 C.E.O.s, mid and the red report early career professionals, artists, technical people, millenials, and others in nearly every field of endeavor. Our staff has been commended for excellence by two U.S. presidents. Our first book, The Pathfinder: How to Choose or Change Your Career for environmental, a Lifetime of Satisfaction and Success was a top-10 national bestseller. That is our one and edison essay introduction only specialty. If you think you may be in the wrong career, check out our main website. The most difficult resumes to write are those of career changers since they depend on environmental, thinking out a clear marketing proposition. So, we are resume experts, but WE DO NOT WRITE RESUMES.
A resume for a mid-level professional can easily cost $1000. With this guide, you can do it yourself. The good news and the bad – The good news is that, with a little extra effort, you can create a resume that makes you stand out as a superior candidate for on stereotypes, a job you are seeking. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. Not one resume in a hundred follows the principles that stir the interest of prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well written resume you should be invited to influence on youth interview more often than many people more qualified than you.
The bad news is that your present resume is probably much more inadequate than you now realize. You will have to learn how to think and write in a style that may be new to you. If you’ve been online trying to make sense of all that’s out there about resume writing – much of it conflicting advice – stay right here. We have the final word on those nagging questions (Length? Format? Font?
Keywords?). We have clear, no-nonsense guidance based on thousands of real-life success stories. Here’s how to do it yourself, broken down in 10 parts. Our guide is environmental law+phd thesis based on one fundamental premise: Your resume is a marketing document. Essay. It’s not the history of your past; it’s an ad. Law+phd. You’re selling yourself to the employer, and competing against other people who are attempting to do the same thing. A great resume doesn’t just tell them what you have done but makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits . It presents you in the best light. It convinces the about influence on youth employer that you have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. It inspires the thesis prospective employer to pick up the about media phone and ask you to come in. YOU’RE ADVERTISING YOURSELF.
Here’s a key thing we know based on deep research: Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. The reality is that most resumes fail to stir the law+phd interest of about prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well-written resume you should be invited to environmental law+phd thesis interview more often than many people – even people more qualified than you. A great resume doesn’t only tell the george orwell collection employer what you have done. It makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits. It presents you in environmental law+phd thesis the best possible light. It convinces the essays employer that you absolutely have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. The very best marketing is research-based marketing. So, do your research.
Visit the environmental law+phd employer’s website often and pyramid report follow the organization on social media. Environmental Thesis. (Do this of course after doing any necessary cleanup of your social media profile – more on essay about on youth, that in thesis Section 8 of this guide, WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES .) What types of accomplishments do they celebrate and how can you weave similar accomplishments into thesis on abortion, your resume? What kind of language do they use to describe achievements? If almost everything is environmental law+phd “significant” or “breakthrough,” how do you tactfully place those words in various sections of thesis on abortion your resume? You have to thesis know your customer’s needs – and have a very clear sense of the skills they’re looking for book, in their ideal job candidate. Our experience shows that your resume must demonstrate that you have at least 70% of a job’s requirements to have a legitimate hope of environmental law+phd landing an interview. Do all the research you can, from george orwell, online searches and social media tracking to law+phd networking with people you know. The Red Pyramid Book Report. If you know anyone who works there, definitely approach them for environmental thesis, a conversation – or better yet, coffee or lunch.
TIP: Avoid HR at this stage: HR teams are constantly pushing back on unsolicited inquiries from pyramid, people who want jobs. A sobering fact is that job recruiters spend an average of six seconds on environmental law+phd thesis, every resume as they sort through digital stacks of applicants. So, focus on the employer’s needs, not yours . It is on stereotypes imperative that you take what you learn during your research and environmental apply it as you customize your resume. There is orwell essays no shame in environmental adjusting your resume to appeal to your target audience; in thesis sentence on abortion fact, the opposite is true. It would be inadvisable not to adapt your resume – even if slightly – for each job application. Imagine that you are the person doing the hiring. This someone with skin in the game. Often, it’s the person who is responsible for environmental law+phd thesis, the bottom-line performance of the project or team you hope to join. This is someone who cares deeply how well the job will be done. Essays On Stereotypes. You need to write your resume to appeal directly to environmental thesis him or her: If this person thinks you can be an asset and help make them look good, you have a real shot. To reiterate: Your resume is a very informed, targeted advertisement.
At the essay paragraph reading writing end of the day it’s an ad…nothing more, nothing less. 2. YOUR RESUME’S #1 JOB: LAND AN INTERVIEW. It’s critical to always bear in mind that your resume is environmental law+phd a tool with one specific purpose: to win an interview. If it doesn’t, it isn’t an pyramid report, effective resume. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. So how do you prevail? First, embrace some basic truths about the job-seeking landscape. First, let go of any misguided preconceptions about what your resume is: It’s not about you. Like any strong piece of advertising, it’s not about the product being sold – it’s about the buyer and what they want.
Consider Coke advertisements: They say very little about the soft drink; they say a lot about how people who drink the beverage are happy and thomas essay have a lot of environmental happy people around them. The focus is on the benefits of drinking Coke. Your resume is about the benefits of hiring you. Your resume is essay paragraph real writing not a place to brag; nor is law+phd it a place to essays on stereotypes be modest. Its sole purpose is to generate interest in you. What differentiates you from the competition. In addition to environmental thesis including all relevant information about your skills, background, accomplishments, etc. (see Section 5 and Section 6), find ways to include details that could generate curiosity.
Were you born in a different country? Is there community or volunteer work that’s appealing? Are you fluent in on abortion multiple languages? Did you go through college in three years – or later in life? These are real people reading your resume, and maybe there’s a fact about you they’ll relate to or find interesting. What does that mean?
In The Pathfinder, we discuss how roughly 75% of people have a personality type we describe as Tribal. They are group workers, usually most successful and satisfied working with and environmental law+phd thesis through other people as members of an organization, group, or ‘tribe.’” They are at their best when they are attuned to the tribe and contributing to its goals. Paragraph Real. (For the record, the other 25% are what we call Maestros who identify as specialist – e.g., “I am a software developer” versus “I work for environmental law+phd thesis, Microsoft” – for more, see The Pathfinder.) Back to the tribe: If you’re selling yourself to an organization, you’re selling yourself to a tribe. The tribe’s members will have to be convinced that you’re “one of thomas them.” Use the law+phd research conducted in Section 1 to sentence inform your approach in how you construct and write your resume. Consider the scenario of environmental law+phd two tribes living on opposite sides of a lake. If you want to be hired by the tribe across the lake, you want to thomas edison essay introduction appear as though you’re already one of them. This will inform everything you put in your resume – from the adjectives you use to the aspects of your education and work experience that you emphasize, to the outside interests you include.
If the employer’s mission statement includes language about “customer focus” and its website talks about “innovation,” those words should be reflected in your resume (in a not-too-obvious way). If the law+phd employer is “results-driven” and sentence on abortion cares about “sustainable solutions,” make it clear that you are results-focused and understand the importance of sustainable progress. You have to learn how to write powerful but subtle advertising copy. An effective way to do this is to think of thesis it as telling an introductory story. When you meet someone, you want to know “their story,” right? It’s the same for that hiring manager looking at your resume. It’s important that all of the information you present fits together cohesively, and helps the hiring manager understand your background, skills and george orwell essays collection capacities, and the educational and work experiences that have led to environmental thesis you to where you are today. While you are selling a product, you shouldn’t “hard sell” or make any claims that are not true.
Most employers respond to resumes that are both impressive as well as credible. They are not fond of hyperbole; they also have no way of knowing if you’re being overly-modest. It’s a balancing act. 3. KNOW EXACTLY WHAT KIND OF RESUME YOU’RE WRITING. There are three basic types of essays resumes: Chronological, Functional, and “Combined” Chronological – Functional. Generally speaking, we prefer the Combined approach – but this decision should be informed by law+phd thesis, the type of job you’re seeking and on abortion the type of employer you’re seeking to impress. For example, if you’re applying for a job in a more traditional field such as law, science, or engineering, a Chronological approach would be best.
If you are changing your career or returning to the job market after a break, a Functional resume is the way to go. A Combined approach offers the thesis most flexibility; and if you’re in a creative field, you might make modifications to pyramid report a Combined format that showcase your artistic eye or style. At the end of the environmental thesis day, it’s all about generating the best marketing copy to sell yourself. The chronological resume is the on stereotypes more traditional resume structure. The Experience section is the focus of the environmental thesis resume; each job (or the essay about media influence last several jobs) is described in some detail, and there is no major section of skills or accomplishments at the beginning of the resume. This structure is primarily used when you are staying in the same profession and in the same type of work. It is also commonly used in certain fields such as law and academia. We recommend that the chronological resume always have an Objective or Summary for the reader.
Advantages: This approach may appeal to more traditional readers and may be best in conventional or conservative fields. It makes it easier to understand what you did in what job, and law+phd may help the name of the pyramid book report employer stand out (if it’s impressive). Environmental. The disadvantage is that it is much more difficult to highlight what you do best. This format is rarely appropriate for someone making a career change. The functional resume highlights your major skills and accomplishments from the very beginning. On Abortion. It helps the reader see clearly what you can do for them, rather than having to read through the job descriptions to find out.
Actual company names and environmental law+phd positions are in edison a subordinate position, with no description under each. There are many different types of environmental law+phd thesis formats for functional resumes. The functional resume is thomas essay a must for career changers, but is very appropriate for law+phd thesis, generalists, for orwell collection, those with spotty or divergent careers, for those with a wide range of skills in their given profession, for students, for military officers, for homemakers returning to the job market, and for environmental, those who want to make slight shifts in the red pyramid book their career direction. Advantages: It will help you most in reaching for a new goal or direction, and it is highly recommended for environmental law+phd thesis, such purposes. The disadvantage is that it isn’t easy for the red pyramid report, the employer to quickly discern exactly what you did in each job (which could be a problem for some conservative resume reviewers). A combined resume includes elements of both the chronological and functional formats.
It may be a shorter chronology of job descriptions preceded by a short “Skills and Accomplishments” section – or with a longer Summary including a skills list or a list of “qualifications”). It can also be a standard functional resume with the accomplishments under headings of different jobs held. There are important advantages to this combined approach: It maximizes the environmental law+phd advantages of both kinds of resumes, avoiding potential negative effects of either type. Pyramid Report. One disadvantage is that it tends to be a longer resume. Another is that it can be repetitious: Accomplishments and skills may have to be repeated in both the “functional” section and environmental the “chronological” job descriptions. 4. GUIDANCE FOR A CAREER CHANGE RESUME. Clearly, career change has become a new norm of working. As we noted in Section 3, a career-change job search calls for a Functional resume. DEFINE YOUR TARGET MARKET.
“Target market” in advertising refers to people a company aims to turn into customers. College Paragraph Real. In your career-change job search, your target is the collection of environmental law+phd thesis specific organizations that might hire you to do what you want to do…where you want to do it. Start with geographic requirements – is the world…. or Seattle? Within that geographic area, target the type of organization that interests you: profit-making, non-for-profit, or government? What kind of business or industry? What size organization? Once you have your parameters, identify specific employers and edison introduction learn all you can about environmental law+phd thesis, them. What is their history? What do they emphasize in their messaging? Who are the decision makers? What is thesis their hiring philosophy?
What kind of work culture is it? In addition to law+phd digging around online and in social media, use your networking skills to learn all you can to help inform how you customize your resume. PLAY UP TRANSFERRABLE SKILLS. Jobs in very different professional fields can often have a number of thomas essay introduction similar requirements. Let’s say that you want to environmental thesis go from a marketing position in media on youth a pharmaceutical firm to a fund-raising role for a not-for-profit. Law+phd Thesis. What are the thomas skills you’ve already demonstrated that are applicable?
They may be more than you think. Consider these possibilities: Time management Project management Collaboration Persuasive communicating Strong decision-making Composure under pressure Innovative problem-solving. You should also be prepared to speak to law+phd your motivation for thomas introduction, a career change. You can weave a little of this into your Objective, then also be prepared to write about it briefly in your cover letter, and environmental thesis then of course speak to it when you land an interview. As a career changer, you are effectively moving from one tribe to another. Within the bounds of integrity, the story you tell has to orwell collection explain why the tribe you now want to enter is really the law+phd thesis right one for you (and not the other one). This is another instance where research is critical. Go to edison introduction LinkedIn and similar sites and take a look at a good number of resumes of people seeking similar jobs.
Also, tap into your circle of colleagues, friends, and family. Tune into the axis we call the environmental Quality of edison introduction Transactions in The Pathfinder. The basic premise of this model is environmental thesis that the closer you are to connections that are “hot” (e.g., someone high up in the organization is willing to go to bat for you) versus “cold” (no connections and a basic resume submitted), the more likely you are to george have quality transactions that can result in getting you hired. Even somewhere in environmental the “warm” range – maybe you know someone who knows someone in a position to thesis sentence help – is highly preferable to environmental thesis coming in cold. Thomas Introduction. And create partners: Scan the environmental law+phd thesis connections of your connections on LinkedIn. Collection. Then follow up energetically (more on this in environmental law+phd Section 7 on Digital Angles). TIP: There tends to paragraph real writing be higher scrutiny of career changers, so the extent to which you can gain traction within the environmental law+phd thesis tribe is the red of fundamental importance. 5. THE JUICE: YOUR ASSERTIONS SECTION. In most cases, a great resume has two main sections. In the first, you make assertions about your abilities, qualities, and achievements.
You write powerful, but honest, advertising copy that grabs the environmental law+phd thesis reader’s attention. (Exceptions to this are resumes targeting generally conservative fields such as law, science, or engineering.) The second section, the evidence section, is the red book where you back up your assertions with evidence that you actually did what you said you did. This is where you list and environmental law+phd thesis describe the jobs you’ve held, your education, etc. And if you have opted to pass on an Assertions section, you have to build a powerful evidence-based resume that builds the case for you as a candidate – with especially compelling skills and accomplishments summarized in the top half of the first page. The real juice in your resume is what you assert about yourself right up front. College Essay Real Writing. This is where you shine. The hard truth based on research: Only one interview is granted for environmental, every 200 resumes received by the average employer. College Essay Paragraph Writing. Research also tells us that your resume will be quickly scanned, rather than read. You have only seconds to persuade a prospective employer to read further. The top half of the first page of law+phd thesis your resume will either make or break your chances. Ask yourself: What does the pyramid report employer really want?
How would you fill those shoes? What would set a truly exceptional candidate apart from environmental law+phd thesis, a merely good one? If you are not sure what would make someone a superior candidate, you can gather intel from the job postings you see, and/or from people who work in sentence on abortion the same company or the same field. You could even call the prospective employer and ask them what they want. Don’t make wild guesses. Write down everything you have ever done that demonstrates that you’re the right fit for the job and the prospective employer. You don’t have to confine yourself to work-related accomplishments.
TIP: Use your entire life as the environmental thesis palette to paragraph real paint with. The point is to cover all possible ways of environmental law+phd thesis thinking about and communicating what you do well. What are the talents you bring to the marketplace? If you are making a career change or are a new to the job market, you are going to have to be especially creative in getting across what makes you stand out. This initial brainstorming focus will generate the raw material from which you craft your resume. So many resumes we see make a gallant effort to inform the reader.
But we don’t want the george essays collection employer to environmental thesis be informed; we want them to edison essay introduction be interested and curious. In fact, it’s best to leave your reader with a few questions they would like to ask you. In your assertions section, state your Objective – your intended job. Ideally, your resume should convey why you are the law+phd thesis perfect candidate for one specific job or job title. There is essay reading real debate out environmental law+phd thesis, there about whether to state an Objective, but generally speaking, we think it’s a good idea. The Red Pyramid. If you’re in a creative field or have gained insights suggesting that the employer would prefer an outside-of-the-box approach, perhaps you forego an Objective. Keep it to the point, and keep the employer front and center as your write. Consider this example. The owner of law+phd a small software company advertises for an experienced software salesperson. A week later they have 500 resumes.
The applicants have a bewildering variety of the red book report backgrounds, and thesis the employer has no way of knowing whether any of them are really interested in selling software. Then the employer spots a resume that starts with the following: “OBJECTIVE – a software sales position in an organization seeking an extraordinary record of generating new accounts, exceeding sales targets and enthusiastic customer relations.” This is a fit . Not only does this candidate want the job, they want to make a real contribution. College Essay Paragraph Reading Real. Job-seekers often make the mistake of saying something like, “a position where I can hone my skill as a scissors sharpener.” Examples follow. In all of these examples, the underlined words and environmental thesis phrases could be interchanged with words and phrases relevant to your expertise, industry, and the type of essay influence on youth role you are seeking. In this example, the statement is not preceded by the word “Objective.” Experienced IT professional offering more than five years of hands-on experience in programming , web development , and IT trouble-shooting , and seeks leadership role in law+phd thesis leading digital organization. In this example, you see a collection of brief descriptions versus a formally stated objective in a grammatically complete sentence. Strategic thinker and communicator . Expert storyteller . A decade of deadline -driven on-air reporting . Ready to pivot to executive producer role. In this example, the george applicant uses a first-person approach to a creative role. “If the client wants a logo people will remember, I give them one people will never forget.
If they want their brand to communicate , I make it sing .” In this example, the job-seeker approaches a traditional job role with a traditional string of statements. CPA and CIA with 15 years of experience in financial services for global organizations. Financial strategist with track record for onsidered and decisive recommendations , as well as thorough compliance with all federal, state, and thesis internal regulations . Excels at individual as well as collaborative efforts. Known for pyramid book, work ethic and integrity. In this example, you see a more traditional approach by a recent graduate seeking an entry-level role in a conventional job sector. OBJECTIVE: A starting position in an engineering organization where leading-edge skills and deep commitment to thesis every project would be an asset to the company and college essay paragraph its people. TIP: The point of using an Objective is to create a specific psychological response in the mind of the environmental law+phd reader. If you are making a career change or have a limited work history, you want the employer to thesis on abortion immediately focus on where you are going, rather than where you have been.
If you are looking for another job in your present field, it is more important to stress your qualities, achievements and environmental thesis abilities first. It is sometimes appropriate to include your Objective in your Summary section rather than have a separate Objective section. The “Summary” or “Summary of Qualifications” consists of several concise statements that focus the reader’s attention on your most important qualities, achievements, and abilities. (NOTE: If you are on LinkedIn, it is important that the summary in essays on stereotypes your resume be reflected in environmental what you have in your LinkedIn summary. On Stereotypes. You have a lot more space to law+phd thesis work with in LinkedIn, so they needn’t match exactly, but they should be close enough that they show consistency. You should be recognizable as the essay about media influence same person!) The things you mention should be the most compelling demonstrations of why you should be hired – not the other candidates. This is your brief window of environmental thesis opportunity to highlight your most impressive qualities – the spiciest part of your resume. In fact, this may be the only section fully read by the employer, so it must be strong and convincing.
The Summary is the one place to pyramid include professional characteristics (highly energetic, a gift for solving complex problems in a fast-paced environment, a natural salesperson, exceptional interpersonal skills, committed to excellence, etc.). Gear every word in environmental thesis the Summary to george orwell collection your goal: getting that interview. Here are the most common ingredients of thesis a well-written Summary. A short phrase describing your profession Followed by essays, a statement of broad or specialized expertise Followed by two or three additional statements related to any of the following: breadth or depth of skills unique mix of environmental thesis skills range of essay about influence environments in which you have experience a special or well-documented accomplishment a history of awards, promotions, or superior performance commendations One or more professional or appropriate personal characteristics A sentence describing professional objective or interest. You would not necessarily use all these ingredients in one Summary. Use the thesis ones that highlight you best. The examples below show how to include your objective in the Summary section.
TIP: If you are making a career change, your Summary section should show how what you have done in the past prepares you to do what you seek to do in the future. If you are new to the job market, your Summary will be based more on ability than experience. A few examples of Summary sections: Highly motivated, creative and orwell versatile real estate executive with seven years of experience in property acquisition, development and thesis construction, as well as the essay about media influence on youth management of environmental law+phd large apartment complexes. Especially skilled at building effective, productive working relationships with clients and about influence on youth staff. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. Excellent management, negotiation and public relations skills. Seeking a challenging management position in the real estate field that offers extensive contact with the college real public. Over 10 years as an law+phd, organizational catalyst/training design consultant with a track record of producing extraordinary results for more than 20 national and community based organizations.
A commitment to human development and community service. Energetic self-starter with excellent analytical, organizational, and creative skills. Financial Management Executive with nearly ten years of thomas essay introduction experience in banking and environmental law+phd international trade, finance, investments and economic policy. Innovative in structuring credit enhancement for corporate and municipal financing. Skilled negotiator with strong management, sales and marketing background. Areas of expertise include (a bulleted list would follow this paragraph.) Health Care Professional experienced in management, program development and policy making in the United States as well as in several developing countries. On Stereotypes. Expertise in emergency medical services. A talent for thesis, analyzing problems, developing and edison essay introduction simplifying procedures, and finding innovative solutions. Law+phd Thesis. Proven ability to the red report motivate and law+phd thesis work effectively with persons from other cultures and all walks of life. Media On Youth. Skilled in working within a foreign environment with limited resources.
Commander – Chief Executive Officer of the U.S. Navy, Atlantic Fleet. Expertise in environmental law+phd all areas of on abortion management, with a proven record of unprecedented accomplishment. History of the highest naval awards and thesis rapid promotion. Proven senior-level experience in executive decision-making, policy direction, strategic business planning, Congressional relations, financial and personnel management, research and development, and aerospace engineering. Extensive knowledge of government military requirements in systems and equipment. Committed to the highest levels of professional and essays on stereotypes personal excellence.
Performing artist with a rich baritone voice and unusual range, specializing in classical, spiritual, gospel and environmental law+phd rap music. Featured soloist for two nationally televised events. Accomplished pianist. Extensive performance experience includes television, concert tours and club acts. Available for commercial recording and live performances. SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. In this final part of the assertions section, go into george orwell, more detail. In the summary, you focused on your most special highlights. Now you tell the rest of the best of thesis your story.
Let the about media employer know what results you produced, what happened because of your efforts, what you are especially gifted or experienced at doing. TIP: Don’t tell them everything you’ve ever done. It’s okay – in environmental law+phd thesis fact, advisable – to leave to your readers wondering about a thing or two in a positive way. Sometimes the “Skills and Accomplishments” section is a separate section. In a chronological resume, it becomes the first few phrases of the descriptions of the various jobs you have held. We will cover that in a few minutes, when we discuss the essay paragraph reading writing different types of resumes. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. When it is a separate section, it can have several possible titles, depending on your situation: SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS ACCOMPLISHMENTS SUMMARY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AREAS OF ACCOMPLISHMENT AND EXPERIENCE AREAS OF EXPERTISE CAREER HIGHLIGHTS PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS ADDITIONAL SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. There are options for media influence on youth, how to structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section. Whichever you choose, put your skills and accomplishments in order of importance for law+phd thesis, the desired career goal. Essay About Media Influence. If you have many skills, the last skill paragraph might be called “Additional Skills.”
TIP: Be sure to use action-oriented words. Law+phd. These include words such as Delivered; Created; Solved; Boosted; Designed; Transformed; and college paragraph reading real writing Elevated (for more see our Section 9 on Power Words). Here are a few ways you could structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section: A listing of skills or accomplishments or a combination of both, with bullets. SELECTED SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. Raised $1,900 in law+phd thesis 21 days in on stereotypes canvassing and advocacy on thesis, environmental, health and consumer issues.
Conducted legal research for thesis sentence, four Assistant U.S. Attorneys, for the U.S. Attorney’s office Coordinated Board of Directors and Community Advisory Board of community mental health center. Later commended as “the best thing that ever happened to that job.” A listing of major skill headings with accomplishments under each. The accomplishments can be a bulleted list or in paragraph form. The material under the headings should include mention of accomplishments which prove each skill. National Training Project / Conference Management. Director of Outreach on Hunger, a national public education/training project funded by USAID, foundations and all the major church denominations. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. Designed, managed and essay promoted three-day training conferences in cities throughout the U.S. Law+phd. Planned and managed 32 nationwide training seminars and pyramid a five-day annual conference for university vice-presidents and business executives. Program Design: Universities.
Invited by Duke University President Terry Sanford to develop new directions and programs for the University’s Office of Summer Educational Programs, first Director of Duke’s “Pre-college Program,” first editor of environmental law+phd “Summer at Duke.” Designed and on stereotypes successfully proposed a center for the study of creativity at The George Washington University. Thesis. A list of bulleted accomplishments or skill paragraphs under each job (in a chronological resume). Director of Sales and Marketing. DELAWARE TRADE INTERNATIONAL, INC. Wilmington, DE. Promoted from Sales Representative within one year of joining company to Director of Sales and Marketing. Responsible for international sales of raw materials, as well as printing and graphic arts equipment. Oversaw five sales managers. Was in charge of direct sales and marketing in 17 countries throughout Europe and the Middle East. Recruited, trained and managed sales staff.
Developed marketing strategy, prepared sales projections and established quotas. Selected and contracted with overseas sub-agents to achieve international market penetration. Introduction. Negotiated and finalized long-term contractual agreements with suppliers on behalf of clients. Oversaw all aspects of law+phd thesis transactions, including letters of credit, international financing, preparation of thesis import/export documentation, and shipping/freight forwarding. Environmental. Planned and on youth administered sales and environmental marketing budget, and maintained sole profit/loss responsibility. Within first year, doubled company’s revenues, and produced $7-9 million in annual sales during the next eight years.
6. THE NITTY GRITTY: YOUR EVIDENCE SECTION. The evidence section includes some or all of the following: experience, education, and possibly additional items such as awards, affiliations, and publications. While this section is secondary to your assertions section, it is still incredibly important. TIP: Think of the red report it as the law+phd foundation holding up your assertions so they can shine. If this section isn’t strong enough, the resume doesn’t hold together and the hiring manager will question the on stereotypes credibility of law+phd thesis your assertions.
List jobs in reverse chronological order. Essay Media On Youth. Don’t go into detail on the jobs early in your career; focus on law+phd, the most recent and/or relevant jobs. (Summarize a number of the earliest jobs in one line or very short paragraph, or list only the bare facts with no position description.) Decide which is, overall, more impressive – your job titles or the names of the firms you worked for – then consistently begin with the thomas edison introduction more impressive of the two, perhaps using boldface type. You may want to describe the employer in environmental thesis a phrase in essays parentheses if this will impress the reader. Include military service, internships, and major volunteer roles if desired; because the section is labeled “Experience.” It does not mean that you were paid. Other possible headings here include: “Professional History,” “Professional Experience”–not “Employment” or “Work History,” both of which sound more lower-level. A note about dates throughout the evidence section: Be honest but also strategic.
Generally speaking, put dates in italics at the end of the job to de-emphasize them. Don’t include months, unless the environmental law+phd job was held less than a year. If you’re old enough to edison have considered botox, consider what you might “botox” in your resume. The year you earned your degree(s) doesn’t have to be included. And as you summarize your early career, there is no need to include dates in environmental law+phd this information. If there are gaps in your recent professional experience, use years versus months. Don’t put down anything that isn’t true – it’s too easy for the red book report, employers to law+phd check information and discover mistruths.
But be prepared to speak to any gaps in a way that supports the overall story you’re telling about yourself. List education in reverse chronological order – degrees or licenses first, followed by certificates and advanced training. Set degrees apart so they are easily seen. Put in boldface whatever will be most impressive. Thomas Essay. Don’t include any details about college except your major and distinctions or awards you have won, unless you are still in college or just recently graduated. Include grade-point average only if over 3.4. List selected coursework if this will help convince the environmental law+phd reader of your qualifications for essays, the targeted job. Include advanced training, but be selective with the information, summarizing the information and including only what will be impressive for the reader. No degree yet? If you are working on an uncompleted degree, include the degree and afterwards, in law+phd parentheses, the expected date of completion: B.S. (expected 20__).
If you didn’t finish college, start with a phrase describing the field studied, then the school, then the dates (the fact that there was no degree may be missed). Other headings might be “Education and Training,” “Education and Licenses,” “Legal Education / Undergraduate Education” (for attorneys). If the only awards received were in school, put these under the Education section. Mention what the award was for if you can (or just “for outstanding accomplishment” or “outstanding performance”). If you have received awards, this section is almost a must. College Essay. If you have received commendations or praise from environmental, some very senior source, you could call this section, “Awards and Commendations.” In that case, go ahead and media influence on youth quote the source. Professional Affiliations. Include only those that are current, relevant and impressive. Include leadership roles if appropriate. This is a good section for communicating your status as a member of a minority targeted for special consideration by employers, or for showing your membership in environmental an association that would enhance your appeal as a prospective employer.
This section can be combined with “Civic / Community Leadership” as “Professional and Community Memberships.” Languages. Being fluent in more than one language is definitely something to include. Civic / Community Leadership. This is good to include if the leadership roles or accomplishments are related to the job target and can show skills acquired, for example, a loan officer hoping to become a financial investment counselor who was Financial Manager of a community organization charged with investing its funds. Any Board of Directors membership or “chairmanship” would be good to include. Be careful with political affiliations, as they could be a plus or minus with an employer or company. Publications. Include only about media influence, if published, and provide links where you can if you think the work is impressive and environmental law+phd relevant. Summarize if there are many. Comments from Supervisors, Clients, other Professional Elite. Include only if very exceptional.
Heavily edit for key phrases. Personal Interests. Tread thoughtfully here. While personal interests tend to feature prominently on social media platforms such as LinkedIn, you should weigh how much it can help you when applying for thomas edison, a job—ideally on a case-by-case basis. It you include a section like this, keep the following in environmental thesis mind. Advantages: Personal interests can indicate a skill or area of edison knowledge that is related to the goal, such as photography for someone in public relations, or carpentry and wood-working for someone in construction management.
This section can show well-roundedness, good physical health, or knowledge of a subject related to the goal. It can also create common ground or spark conversation, and/or help a hiring manager see you as someone who would fit in their tribe. Disadvantages: Personal interests can be irrelevant to the job goal and purpose of the resume. Listing such interests can also have unintended negative consequences. For example, if you’re highly athletic and law+phd thesis the people interviewing you aren’t physically fit – or perhaps eve self-conscious about that – the fact that you’re super-fit might not play in report your favor.If in doubt, do not include a Personal Interests section. Your reason for including it is most likely that you want to tell them about you. But, as you know, this is an ad. If this section would move the employer to understand why you would be the best candidate, include it; otherwise, forget about it. This section may also be called “Interests Outside of Work,” or just “Interests.” References. You may put “References available upon law+phd, request” at the end of your resume, if you wish.
This is a standard close (centered at essays, bottom in italics), but is environmental not necessary: It is usually assumed. Do not include actual names of references. You can bring a separate sheet of references to the interview, to be given to essay influence on youth the employer upon law+phd thesis, request. 7. WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES. Social media venues offer valuable possibilities for thomas edison introduction, powering your job search, as well as a few potential downsides. Be sure your digital footprint is an asset as you prepare your resume. OWN YOUR DIGITAL FOOTPRINT. Social media is a primary vehicle for communication. You will want to include at least one of your social media accounts on environmental law+phd thesis, your resume.
Be sure that any e-mail addresses and social media handles look and sentence sound professional. If not, get new ones. You want to be [emailprotected]; not [emailprotected] Understand that most employers – 65% or more – use social networks to research candidates. Roughly half of them do so to law+phd thesis see if the candidate is likely to be a “good fit” for their culture – in other words, right for edison essay, their tribe. It is documented that employers regularly review social media to see if there are reasons not to environmental hire an applicant. So, it is imperative that you review all of your social media postings and essays clean up any content that you wouldn’t want a prospective employer to see.
And keep an eye on your accounts so that you can monitor and remove comments from friends that don’t serve your professional image. Environmental Law+phd. Social media posts that employers cite as detrimental include evidence of drug use or excessive drinking, bad-mouthing of previous employers, and discriminatory language. TIP: Be sure that information on your various social media accounts is consistent. Real. You can’t assume that an environmental law+phd, employer will only check out your LinkedIn page. They may also look for you on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or Google+. It is a good rule of thumb with social media posts to ask yourself whether what you are posting is something that you would be delighted for everyone in the world to see. USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO YOUR ADVANTAGE.
Remember that you’re marketing yourself. Owning your digital footprint is george orwell essays collection also about taking advantage of an additional opportunity to make a good impression. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. Make an effort beyond any clean-up activity to create a strong social media profile. This is an opportunity for you to appear thoughtful, well-rounded, positive, a strong communicator – the kinds of things employers are generally seeking. In addition, be active on thesis on abortion, social media in a way that advances your professional interests and possibilities. Engage on networking sites to increase your visibility and searchabilty with prospective employers. And while you’re active on social media, to law+phd thesis accommodate search engines, be sure that you are using a consistent version of your professional name. Sentence On Abortion. If you’re “Robert L. Smith” on LinkedIn, you should be Robert L. Smith in your resume and on your other social media accounts – not Rob Smith here and there.
Your professional “screen name” is probably your most important keyword. As mentioned earlier, follow your prospective employer on environmental, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and the like. Think of what you see as an aggregated news feed about the employer. Essays On Stereotypes. It doesn’t take long to begin to environmental get a real sense of the organization’s culture, values, and work environment intel can help you prepare the most thoughtful resume possible – and can also help you immensely as you later prepare for an interview. And bear in mind: The beauty of Social Media is that you can gain access to people you otherwise might not. Thesis. If you see someone within your connections who is connected to environmental law+phd thesis a person of thesis sentence interest to you. Perhaps they are in the field in which you are seeking work; perhaps they work for a company you wish to get in to – then ask your contact to introduce you. TIP: LinkedIn offers the opportunity for people to post recommendations. Be sure to ask people to environmental thesis provide recommendations for you, in particular those people who can speak to the strengths that you most want to be emphasized. In addition to your professional name, there are many other keywords to consider.
Many employers routinely digitally scan resumes for keywords relevant to their companies and thesis cultures, as well as field of work. Environmental Thesis. You should assume that this is being done. Use keywords that are customized for the kind of position you’re seeking as well as your job field. For example: Consider that your current title is about media on youth “Program Assistant.” But when you search online, you don’t see that title much. What you do see with high frequency on Indeed, LinkedIn, etc. is “Administrative Assistant.” It’s not a misstep in integrity to list your current title as “Administrative Assistant” if that’s accurate, and it will increase your find-ability for recruiters and hiring managers searching online. Similar guidance holds true for skills and environmental thesis accomplishments. When customizing your resume for a specific position, take careful note of the skills required and use any number of those words in your resume. Essays Collection. If you think of yourself as someone who “leads stakeholder communications,” but the employer uses the phrase “stakeholder engagement” – that’s right, you’re now an expert in environmental law+phd thesis stakeholder engagement. If you have “increased website and social media traffic” in college paragraph your current job, but your prospective employer’s website discusses “online presence” – your resume should note that you “elevated online presence.” Then use this same approach to find more keywords that will appeal to environmental law+phd that hiring manager.
After conducting your research on book, the employer’s website and thesis social media pages – as well as media articles about the organization – comprise a list of words and phrases that appear regularly. Be sure that these words and introduction phrases appear in your resume, but in a way that doesn’t seem forced or like overkill. You have a bit of a fine line to environmental law+phd thesis walk – these have to be words and phrases you can own in the context of selling yourself through your introductory story. Think of george collection your resume as a visually appealing piece of environmental law+phd art. This your masterpiece! No matter how closely you follow the essay introduction guidance we’ve delivered here so far, if you fall short on the presentation of what you’ve written you do yourself a tremendous disservice. A note here about using images or video. Of course, there have been instances where applicants have been hired after using creative visuals or creating “video resumes.” This kind of approach is highly situational, and should be carefully considered based on what you know about the job and the tribe. For instance, if you’re a graphic designer, why not show off your stuff to a certain extent? Or if you’re applying to a video production firm or a start-up with a culture that would accommodate a video submission – go for it. That said, we also recommend that a more traditional PDF with written information accompany your video.
VISUAL APPEAL, FORMAT, AND LENGTH. Everyone freely gives advice on resume length. There is no universal right or wrong. Our rule of thumb is that shorter is better, as long as the resume contains all of your most relevant information. Environmental Law+phd Thesis. If you’ve been in essay influence on youth the workforce for a while or have many accomplishments or publications to list, you might need to exceed a page – but only if the content warrants it. And whether it’s one page or more, the same rules apply in terms of the front end of the resume being your big, brief chance to make an environmental law+phd thesis, impression.
Use a simple, clean, symmetrical structure. Don’t make it to george orwell collection crowded with text; conversely, don’t have so much white space that it looks oddly sparse. A good rule of environmental thumb is sections of writing that are no more than six lines, and writing shorter if possible. Be sure to design elements to your advantage. For example, if there is information you want to law+phd highlight, consider using boldface. You can also draw the eye to essays collection something by ensuring there is ample white space around it. Order information in law+phd a way that draw attention to george orwell collection your strengths; readers tend to thesis focus on the first and last items listed. NOTE: If you’re considering an infographic resume, be sure you give it very careful consideration. While one might make you stick out in a digital stack of resumes, I have never read one that didn’t make me work harder to get the essay about media on youth information I wanted. Unless you are an infographic designer looking for thesis, that kind of work (or something close), I would veer away from this route. Your resume must be error-free.
There are no spelling errors, no typos. No grammar, syntax, or punctuation errors. There are no errors of fact. Any recruiter or hiring manager will tell you that such errors make it easy to weed out a resume immediately. List information in book a consistent way. For instance, every job should list this information in environmental thesis this order: Title, Name of Employer, City and State, and pyramid report the years. Use boldface, underlining, and italics consistently. If you decide to bold one job title, all titles are in law+phd thesis boldface.
If you underline one section heading, underline them all. In addition, there is uniformity in college essay paragraph reading real the use of capital letters, bullets, dashes, hyphens, etc. So, if there is a period after one set of job dates, there is a period after all job dates. If one degree is in bold, all degrees are in environmental law+phd bold. Pyramid Book. If one job is lasted as 1999-2001 (versus 1999 – 2001 or 1999 to 2000). Whatever you decide about such things stylistically, be absolutely consistent. There are any number of details that really matter. Consider all of the following. Font. Use a font that’s universally readable such as Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Times New Roman, Helvetica, or Didot (a good choice for creative industry).
Whatever font you select, use it consistently. And use a font size that’s readable, but not distractingly large: 12-point is the way to law+phd thesis go with some fonts, but sometimes 11-point can get the the red pyramid job done just as well. PDF. Save your resume file as a PDF. You don’t want to thesis risk what can happen if someone opens your Word document using a different version than you have, which can disrupt your careful layout, formatting, and more. File name. When saving your PDF file, be sure you give a distinctive and relevant name. On Stereotypes. Definitively don’t give it a number (e.g., NickSmith_V3.pdf) and law+phd thesis don’t call it NicksResume.pdf. If Nick is applying for thesis on abortion, a Marketing Director position, a great file name would be NickSmith_MarketingDirectr.pdf). Keep track.
As you customize your resume for each application, keep track of which resume you send to which employer. If you’re called for an interview you will want to show up with nicely printed hard copies of that precise document. Environmental Law+phd. Don’t mix first-person and third-person. Use either the first person (“I) or third person (“he,” “she”) point of view, but do so consistently. Watch your verb tense.
If the accomplishment is completed, it should be past tense. If the task is collection still underway, it should be present tense. If the skill has been used in the past and will be used again in the future, use present tense – e.g., “conduct presentations on recruitment to professional and trade association.” Experience first. Thesis. Experience sections should come before Education. This is because your qualifications are more related to your experience than your education. Exceptions would be (1) if you have just received or are completing a degree in a new field, (2) if you are a lawyer, (3) if you are an undergraduate student, or (4) if there’s something particularly impressive about paragraph reading real writing, your education – for environmental law+phd, example, a Rhodes Scholarship or an MBA from Harvard. Sell yourself – first and george foremost. Always bear in mind the environmental law+phd thesis needs of your customer – the employer.
What do they need to know to assess that you’re right for the job and will deliver for them? Customize your resume for sentence on abortion, each job application. Environmental Thesis. Use keywords selected with your prospective employer in thomas edison essay introduction mind. Be sure you can back up what you say (pumping up is fine but within the bounds of integrity). Environmental Thesis. Use dynamic, high-energy language. Tighten up sentences where you can. Space is at a premium. Use quantitative information when possible as you describe accomplishments (e.g., ($1 million portfolio, increased sales 30%, double revenues). Look at essays on stereotypes, everything you’ve written in your resume and add action verbs wherever possible. Make your resume long enough to include all relevant information.
Be sure any e-mail addresses and environmental thesis social media handles shared are appropriate (not unprofessional). Use the same version of your professional “screen name” consistently. Be unduly modest. You are selling yourself, period. Wing it. Real preparation and homework is required – no matter how lucky you’ve been in college essay real writing the past. Include information – even if you’re proud of it – that could be construed as controversial or possible be off-putting to the employer (e.g., fringe personal interests, religious activity, political affiliation). List everything you’ve ever done. It’s better to leave an employer a little curious and more apt to interview you.
Include salary information. It is appropriate for you to environmental law+phd provide this information only when asked. Mention reasons for thesis sentence on abortion, leaving jobs. Environmental. You can have tactful, professional reasons ready for interviews. Include references. Provide them when requested, and be sure your references know that an inquiry is on the way.
Try to be funny or cute – no matter how great your personality, these things don’t translate on orwell collection, paper. Law+phd Thesis. Include every single piece of information about yourself – this is reading writing not your resume’s job. If the employer wants to know more about you, they’ll ask you for an interview. Get wordy. Don’t use three examples when one will suffice. Be hyperbolic. Don’t use more than one power word or adjective in one sentence.
Underestimate the power of reading the job posting carefully and thesis doing all of your homework. An astute hiring manager will recognize that you’ve done your advance work and essay media will respect that about you. 10. USE YOUR WORDS (POWER WORDS) This isn’t about using fancy or unique words. It’s about law+phd thesis, using words that connect with your customer. Remember: This is customized ad copy. accelerated accomplished achieved acquired addressed administered advanced advised advocated aligned allocated amplified analyzed answered appeared applied appointed appraised approved arbitrated arranged assembled assessed assigned assisted assumed assured attained audited authored authorized awarded. blocked boosted bought briefed broadened brought budgeted built. campaigned capitalized cascaded cataloged caused changed chaired charted clarified classified closed coached collected combined commented communicated compared compiled completed computed conceived conserved concluded conducted conceptualized considered consolidated constructed consulted continued contracted controlled converted conveyed convinced coordinated corrected counseled counted created critiqued cultivated cut. dealt decided decreased defined delegated delivered demonstrated described designed determined developed devised diagnosed digitized directed discovered discussed distributed documented doubled drafted.
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100 Technology Topics for law+phd, Research Papers. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Every year, technological devices become faster, smaller, and smarter. Orwell Essays Collection! Your cell phone holds more information than the room-sized computers that sent a man to the moon.
In my essay Can Today's College Students Solve World Problems? , I talk about how advances like the green revolution and more fuel-efficient cars solved many of the problems that I worried about as college freshman in 1979. Environmental Law+phd Thesis! Yet these new solutions also cause new problems, like how the college essay paragraph reading, gasoline engine made travel faster and thesis easier but also raised concerns about air pollution and global warming. On Stereotypes! Below, you will find many questions, ideas, links, research, and videos to get you started on your research essay and ideas for how to write about technology from different perspectives, including: How to Write a Technology Research Paper General Topics (a list of questions to environmental law+phd thesis, get you started) Reproduction (including egg and edison introduction sperm donation and in vitro technologies) Our Bodies (including organ and law+phd animal transplants and innovations in surgery technologies) Human Cloning Topics (including genetic engineering) Identity (questions about how technologies influence our identities) Relationships (how texting, cell phones, and social media affect relationships) The Military Information Technology and george essays Storage Five Kinds of Arguable Claims. Researching technology can involve looking at how it solves problems, creates new problems, and how interaction with technology has changed humankind. Thesis! Understand your Research Assignment: What kind of thesis a research paper has your instructor assigned? Re-read your assignment sheet and any information in the textbook. For example, I ask my students to thesis, choose a technology topic for a Summary, Analysis, and Response essay which asks them to thesis sentence, research three or more perspectives on environmental law+phd, an issue. College Real! Find a Topic Idea : Look over the six technology research topic list categories and environmental thesis scan the the red book report, different arguable questions. For an Exploratory paper, you will need a topic which has three or more perspectives to environmental law+phd thesis, explore. Essays On Stereotypes! If you are doing a Position, Argument, or a Cause paper, you will need to environmental law+phd thesis, know the sentence, different perspectives, but you will use your answer to the question as your thesis statement.
Read about the Topic : Once you find one you like, you can learn more about that issue by law+phd thesis, looking at some of the hyperlinked articles. You can also look at Gale Opposing Viewpoints (which is often available through your school library) to on abortion, find articles that give you an overview of the issue. Choose a Question to Research : After you find a topic idea you like, write out the environmental, question and essay on youth make a list of other similar issues or words you could use as keywords to law+phd thesis, research. You can use the other questions on the topic list to essay writing, help you out. Use Your Keyword Ideas to Look for Articles : You can start by looking at Google to see what you will find, but don't use articles from Google that don't fit the environmental law+phd thesis, type of authoritative sources your instructor requires. Use your library resources to find more academic articles. The technology research topics below are listed in pyramid categories and include hyperlinked articles to help you get you started.
Many of the essays are used in law+phd thesis popular college research essay textbooks like Perspectives on Argument (ed. Nancy Wood), which I use with my college students. However, because technology changes so quickly, I've also included links to articles in college essay reading writing Discover Magazine which highlight interesting new innovations. Environmental Thesis! Discover is essay reading writing, a good place to start looking for topics since the magazine is written with authoritative scientific sources for the general reader. Here are the steps to start your research paper: Here is environmental law+phd, a list of twenty starter topic ideas for research essays. See below for many more! What are the long-term effects of living in a technological world?
Are these mostly negative or positive? Are children under 12 now growing up in a different world than college-age students did? How is it different, and what does that mean for the red book report, them? What is the most important new technology for solving world problems? How has social media helped solve and law+phd create problems in countries outside the U.S.? Will governments like China continue to be able to pyramid book, control citizens' access to the Internet and thesis social media?
How do social media, texting, cell phones, and the Internet make the world bigger? Smaller? What are the implications of ever-increasing globalization through technology to the global economy? Technology is changing so quickly that we are frequently using computers, software programs, and other technologies that have frustrating glitches and problems. Is there a solution? How does our experience of social interactions with other humans influence the way we interact with machines? When does it become morally wrong to genetically engineer your child? What are new ways people can use technology to change the world? How is collection, digital learning going to change schools and education? Does the environmental thesis, Internet need controls or censorship? If so, what kind?
Do digital tools make us more or less productive at work? To what extent is the development of new technologies having a negative effect? How will technology change our lives in twenty years? Should people get identity chips implanted under their skin? Should people in all countries have equal access to technological developments? Can video gaming really help solve world problems? (see video) How are brains different from george orwell collection computers? (see video) Is organic food really better for you than genetically modified foods? What are genetically modified food technologies able to do? How does this compare with traditional plant breeding methods? Should genetically modified food technologies be used to solve hunger issues? Since it is environmental thesis, now possible to sequence human genes to find out about possible future heath risks, is that something everyone should have done? What are the advantages or disadvantages?
If people have genetic testing, who has the right to that information? Should healthcare companies and college essay real writing employers have access to that information? If parents have genetic information about their children, when and how should they share it with the law+phd, child? What sort of genetic information should parents seek about about on youth, their children and how might this influence raising that child? Would having cars that drive themselves be a good or bad idea? How might travel in the future be different? Should information technologies and Internet availability make work from home the norm? How Will Computers Change in Five Years? What is the best way for infertile couples to have a child? Should research into mechanical reproduction technologies be unlimited? What do we do about law+phd, frozen embryos that won't be used by orwell essays, the donating couple?
Should adopting frozen embryos be encouraged more widely? Is mechanical reproduction ethical? Is there a difference between raising adopted and environmental thesis birth children? How can we best take care of the problem of unwanted pregnancies? What makes a person a mother or a father? What regulation should there be on on youth, the infertility technologies? Should health insurance plans cover infertility technologies? Your Gamete, Myself: An article about egg and sperm donation.
How important is it to have a genetic connection with your children? Do egg donors and law+phd children have rights to a relationship? Should egg and sperm donors be compensated? The Curious Lives of george essays collection Surrogates: Discussing the reason why some women choose to be surrogate mothers. Is surrogate pregnancy a good way for a couple to get a baby? Is it right that surrogacy is heavily advertised to law+phd, military wives? What should the children’s rights be in on abortion a case of surrogate pregnancy? Should surrogates be used for any reason, or only for health reasons?
Is it ethical for a woman to carry someone else’s child? Should there be regulations of environmental law+phd thesis international surrogacy? What do we need to do in order to george orwell essays, make organ donation a better experience for everyone involved? When is a person dead? How do we define death? Should there be changes in our definition of “brain death? Should organ donors be given pain medications?
Should we choose organ donation for ourselves and our loved ones? Do organ donors feel pain? What is the best method of organ replacement to solve the problem of a shortage of donors? Will regenerating human limbs be a reality in our lifetime? What is the best way to help people who have lost a limb? Is it ethical to use tissue from animals in people?
Are using embryonic stem cells necessary, or will technological innovations make these obsolete? Should more funding grants from the National Institute of Health (which tend to support research projects without immediate practical applications) go to practical research projects which produce direct medical help to environmental law+phd, individuals? When considering war, should we factor in the medical costs of soldiers who will return wounded? The Bypass Cure: Tells of new evidence that Gastric Bypass surgery can cure diabetes. What is the best way to help solve the problem of a rising number of people with Type 2 diabetes in the U.S.? What is the best way to thesis on abortion, treat people with morbid obesity? Should bypass surgeries be used as a standard cure for type 2 diabetes? What is the cause of the recent increase in diabetes in the U.S.?
How much of diabetes type 2 and obesity is genetic? How much is behavioral? Should people with obesity and diabetes or other diseases pay more for health care? Genetic Engineering of Humans Research Links. Genetically Engineering Babies with Three Parents (two short articles explaining this) Reverse Eugenics: Choosing an environmental law+phd thesis Embryo With a Disability Help Wanted: Adventurous Woman to Give Birth to a Neanderthal Baby Human Genome Project fact sheets Is human cloning a good or bad idea? Should we ban human cloning? What makes people human? What is the role of religion/faith in making decisions about using reproductive technologies?
How does cloning change the value of essay human life? How should we best solve the problem of genetic diseases? Is there a point when genetic engineering has gone too far? Who should decide the limits of how genetic engineering is used? What is the best way to use the technologies of genetic engineering to help humans?
Which genetic engineering projects should be given the most funding? Medicine, Experiments, and Human Identity. Should human life be deemed more important than animal life? What is the dignity of law+phd human life and how should we observe this in medical situations? Who decides how far medical research should go?
Should there be limits to the scientific investigation on thomas edison essay, humans? DNA Test Gives Students Shock (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/nyregion/dna-tells-students-they-arent-who-they-thought.html?_r=0) What should determine our racial identity? Is is our DNA, our appearance, our choice, our family or our cultural environment? How important is DNA information in forming our identity? Should people get Ancestry DNA testing? Should identifying as multi-racial be more common? Ways to Leave Your Body: Tells about out-of-body technologies like virtual reality as well as other ways to be outside yourself. What is the self? Can it be found in law+phd scientific investigation? Does science have the final say about who we are? Will technology create an thesis sentence on abortion Inception effect where people will not be able to distinguish out-of-body from in-body experiences?
How will virtual reality technology change us? Is virtual reality the future? Should there be a limit to the research on virtual reality? What are the uses and law+phd benefits of virtual reality technologies? The Switched On Brain: Describes studies that are using light waves in the brain to cure psychiatric diseases. Is controlling brains with technology like light ethical?
How important is it to find alternative treatments (something other than drugs) for mental illness? What is the best way to treat mental illness? Has an increase in the use of essays collection technology affected the rise of mental illness in the U.S.? If it were possible, should technologies be used to control drug addictions? Should we seek ways to law+phd thesis, control the brain with technologies? What are the social dangers of brain-controlling technologies?
Has social media changed our relationships in a good or bad way? How important is it to monitor and limit our social media intake? Is addiction to technology something we should worry about? Are the distractions of using social media negatively influencing the workplace? Has media hurt or helped family communication?
Friendship communication? Romantic relationships? What is the best way to manage technology in relationships? What is the best way to maintain a close relationship? Is using technology in college classrooms a good or bad idea? What is the best way for educators to on stereotypes, incorporate social media in their classrooms?
What is the best way for environmental law+phd, educators to use technology to teach? Should there be social rules about cell phone use in thomas edison schools or the workplace? How are technologies changing the thesis, way people interact in the red pyramid report the workplace? Have texting and social media damaged this generation's ability to communicate in person? Do cell phones and social media make family relationships stronger? How has texting changed the way we communicate with one another? What are the dangers of texting? When is texting rude? Has texting made this generation less respectful of other people?
Who decides? How should people manage their social networking profiles? How important is this? Should there be limits to the access a university or employer has to social profiles? Should teachers have limits on social networking with students? How should professionals use Facebook or other social media? Should there be more regulations on social media privacy? How large a role should social profiles have in hiring and other decisions?
How justifiable is it to take legal action against someone for posts on social media sites? Does increasing military technology really make us safer? Do more guns make people more or less safe? How much money should the U.S. Law+phd Thesis! devote to military research for better weapons? What would happen if someone detonated a nuclear bomb today? How should the about influence, U.S. and other nations deal with Iran and North Korea and their development of nuclear weapons technology? Should we destroy our nuclear weapons?
How has modern warfare technology changed the law+phd, way we view war? Has technology made the world safer or less safe? Should drones be used in modern warfare? What is the effect of taking people out of direct combat with the enemy? Is technology changing the essay paragraph real writing, way we read? Does an online format cause readers to law+phd thesis, skim rather than fully digest information? Is being able to find information quickly online a good or bad thing? How do we gauge intelligence?
How is Google search changing us? How should we change teaching to thesis, incorporate new technologies? How important is it that schools teach using iPads, Smart Boards, social media, and other new technologies? Is there an intelligence developed through conventional reading and research which is being lost in law+phd the digital age? If Google prefers their own brand of information, are we getting the essays, best when we search? Should there be regulation of law+phd sites such as Wikipedia which provide information that is not necessarily credible? Are blogs better than books? How necessary is teaching traditional researching skills to thesis, today’s young people? Do schools and environmental law+phd thesis parents need to encourage or discourage media use? How is college essay reading real writing, reading digitally different than reading print? Is the digital generation going to thesis, be smarter or dumber?
Is Google affecting the attention span of introduction young people? Is using technology for thesis, entertainment a bad thing? Information Storage (see videos) DNA storage of information by Harvard scientists; predictions about changes in computer processing design. Essays! How can storing information on DNA create new information system technologies? Are there any ethical objections to using DNA for storage? Is unlimited data storage a good thing? How can humans manage these large amounts of information? Should we worry about the fact that the line between the human brain and law+phd a computer is thesis on abortion, getting blurred? Is it a problem that computers will soon be able to think? Should we build robots to do many of the tasks people don't like to do?
How relevant is the Wall-E scenario to our future? Where is the hardware and environmental law+phd software borderline in cloud computing? What will be the consequences of everything moving into the cloud? Can reinforcement learning teach robots to essays, be more intelligent and more like humans? Since open-source is becoming more of a trend in law+phd computer science, how can computer programmers be able to protect a device? How will big data and bioinformatics change biology? What is machine learning? How important is on abortion, it?
Where will machine learning have the most impact? How will virtualization change entertainment? How will virtual reality change education? Is virtual reality a good or bad thing? What is the next level for the Internet? How can the Internet be changed to make it better? If computers take over law+phd many of our tasks, what will humans do? Which computer languages are going to be most important in the future?
If there is a new computer language to the red, be invented, what does it need to do to be better than the languages we now have? How are robots changing health care? 100 Science Topics for environmental thesis, Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. Step-by-Step Research Paper on orwell essays collection, a Non Profit. by environmental, Virginia Kearney 0. How to college essay paragraph reading writing, Describe Yourself - 180 Words for Your Positive Qualities. by Susana S 360. by ajbarnett 305.
How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. good topics about digital learning please. marine Technology for good topic? Meseret Tadesse from Ethiopia,wsu. 7 weeks ago. thank! for your topics and environmental law+phd thesis idea. On Stereotypes! Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Environmental Thesis! Hi ASD, you would need to narrow down your topic and idea in edison essay introduction order to find a good title.
You might want to environmental thesis, look at my other topic ideas in my other articles on Science ideas. This list was super helpful, there are some great ideas and essay influence on youth topics to environmental law+phd, write about. thanks for publishing this. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Ariane--check out real my other ideas on science topics by looking at my profile or searching on the site for my other articles. Environmental Law+phd! Here are a few ideas: What are the advantages of Free Space Optics?
How is the Philippines most vulnerable to the red pyramid book, cyber attacks? How can we better protect our data from law+phd hackers? Hi good day! May I ask your help?? Help me find the thomas edison essay, best title for environmental law+phd, my research..my course is thomas, information system. About the law+phd, computer system..I'm from Philippines..thank you ma'am. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi, Thea--Look at my article on Science Research Topics. Find the link either in the sidebar or on my profile page. I need a research topic about sentence, science.
A topic which is similar to investigatory project or science project. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Thanks, Allie, You might want to check my article about science topics. In reality, most of chemical engineering is environmental thesis, moving over to computational engineering and nanotechnology. So a good topic might be, how is computational engineering changing chemical engineering or how is the essays, chemical engineering profession changing? Many colleges are actually dropping the name chemical engineering entirely. The suggested topics given are all good. But can you also please give me an law+phd example of a research topic about chemical engineering? Its for my research paper in K12.
Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. The Red Pyramid Book! Hi Mitch- for environmental, robotics and essays on stereotypes computer science topics, you might want to try: How will nanobots change biology? Are smart houses safe? Is facial recognition software making privacy impossible? How should we allow facial recognition software to be used? Is it a good idea for us to move everything to the cloud? What careers will robots take over in the next 20 years?
can you give an example of a research topic about robots or computer science? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Des, for younger students, it is a good idea to pick a topic that they can research with videos as well as well as articles. I'd suggest going to YouTube and searching for educational videos on bread and pastry. That might give you some ideas. You also might want to start with a kitchen science type of approach. Then start with a question that students can look for to answer. Law+phd Thesis! For example, What are the george collection, different ways to make bread around the world? or What are the different ways to make bread rise? or What is the history of sourdough bread? Do you have some techniques in formulating research titles for specialized subjects in K to environmental thesis, 12, most specially about bread and pastry. Your help and thomas edison essay introduction suggestion will be much appreciated. Thank you.
Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Hi Restituto--I have everything you would need to write a research paper here on HubPages. Look for Problem Solution paper and environmental thesis Research Essay. hi! can you help me for my research paper which is all about in technology that affects in colleges student and how we solve it.. thanks! super, great job. Thank you. Influence On Youth! This can be a lifesaver :) Virginia Kearney 15 months ago from United States. Hi Madhavi--I don't understand why you would be running out of thesis time trying to choose a Ph.D proposal. Generally, you should be working that out book with the professor in thesis charge of your research.
However, I do think that this is something that people are actually researching on right now in education and probably this could be a general topic area for your research. However, you would need a narrow and specific focus for a Ph.D. along with specific areas of learning you would be examining. Hi,I would like to confirm about one essay topic of above mentioned. i.e..How important is it that schools teach using ipads,smart boards,social media and other new technologies. is it a research topic which can be picked up for a phd research proposal. PLz help me by responding immediately on this..am running out of time.. MizBejabbers 20 months ago. Hi, Virginia, some of these topics are just good common sense discussion, but some go very deep and beyond even human understanding. For instance, we have been discussing in essay reading writing a spiritual study group whether souls will be willing to occupy cloned bodies. Highly unscientific, but it might be a good paper for law+phd thesis, a theology class. Anyway, its a very interesting article and well presented.
I would love to essays on stereotypes, be a student today and present papers on some of these topics. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Hi Marcus. I think that some of these topics could be used for a Master's research essay, but you would have to talk with your professor about the requirements for environmental thesis, your degree. Many of the links I've given are based on college paragraph reading real, actual research articles which are published in professional journals.
Since those full academic essays are hard for law+phd thesis, non-specialists to read, I use the more popular explanations of those articles. However, for essay media influence on youth, a Master's thesis, you could access the original articles. Environmental! Are these topics suitable for college paragraph real, Masters Level research essays? christian reloxd 2 years ago. This is law+phd thesis, really useful for about influence on youth, students as well as research people also. jessica smith 2 years ago. Hello . I have read your article. You shared informative tips about research papers. Environmental Law+phd! It will be very helpful for everyone. Thank you. thanks for essay on youth, learning about technology topic. Benjamin Dalton 2 years ago. Your article is imperative and quite inspiring for environmental, the people who are connected with the technology. It is filled with thousands of information about technology research paper.
The subjects you have written about are just phenomenon. Looking forward some more articles based on thesis sentence, science and technology. Law+phd Thesis! Sarah Forester 3 years ago from Australia. Thomas Essay Introduction! Heaps of great ideas here! Tech Reviewer 3 years ago from Online. Great article and really nicely written as well. I've shared on my Facebook Twitter. Environmental Thesis! If you are interested, I'm helping at this start up called TechReviewer.co.uk - it is entirely about technology and introduction they are looking for thesis, new writers to submit articles. You get your work professionally edited and published and all for free so if you are interested in writing about technology give it a look! Thanks. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia.
THIS IS EPIC! Thanks for compiling this list, pal -- really enjoyed going over it! Voted up :) Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I used these topics in my 2nd semester class last year and about influence we had great discussions as well as some terrific papers. I'm really looking forward to using them again this year. Interesting ideas! I teach with technology at lot, and I always want my students to law+phd thesis, think critically about essays, uses, but don't always have these great questions to engage them with. Thank you, and voted up! DATALOAD 4 years ago from environmental law+phd Michigan. The Red Book Report! Great work. Some of environmental law+phd your suggestions beg to be further explored.
Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. George Essays Collection! Tell me what the instructions are from your professor and I will see if I can help you. i have a problem there is so many confusion for selecting research paper toppic related to information technology field but i can't decide so plz help me out environmental thesis ,as im IT student. Andrew Spacey 4 years ago from paragraph reading Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK. Phenomenal subject list - a great resource for those seeking ideas on environmental law+phd thesis, controversial and regular topics. I congratulate you on the work! Is Google making us stupid? I like that one. I haven't made my mind up yet - only on alternate days.
Votes for on stereotypes, this hub. Environmental Law+phd! Joan Whetzel 4 years ago from Katy, Texas. Great ideas from diverse subject areas. Cool. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of on stereotypes HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and thesis advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and thesis sentence others. Environmental Law+phd! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Phd thesis environmental law
essays about tv news Towards a Healthy News Diet. This article is the environmental law+phd thesis, antidote of the red pyramid, news. It is long, and you probably won’t be able to skim it. Thanks to heavy news consumption, many people have lost the ability to read more than four pages straight. This article will show you how to law+phd get out of about influence, this trap – if you are not already too deep in the trap. News is to the mind what sugar is to the body. We are so well informed and yet we know so little. Why? We are in this sad condition because 200 years ago we invented a toxic form of knowledge called news. The time has come to recognize the detrimental effects that news has on individuals and societies, and to take the necessary steps to shield us from its dangers.
At core, we are cavemen in suits and dresses. Our brains are optimized for thesis, a hunter-gatherer environment where we lived in thomas edison essay small bands of 25 to 100 individuals with limited food and information sources. Our brains (and our bodies) now live in a world that is environmental law+phd, the opposite introduction of what we are designed to handle. This leads to great risk and to inappropriate, outright dangerous behavior. In the past few decades, the fortunate among us have recognized the environmental thesis, hazards of george collection, living with an environmental law+phd thesis overabundance of food (obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome) and have started to shift our diets. News is to the red pyramid book report the mind what sugar is to the body . News is easy to digest. The media feeds us small bites of trivial matter, tidbits that don’t really concern our lives and environmental law+phd don’t require thinking. That’s why we experience almost no satation.
Unlike reading books and long, deep magazine articles (which requires thinking), we can swallow limitless quantities of news flashes, like bright colored candies for the mind. Today, we have reached the same point in relation to information overload that we faced 20 years ago with food intake. We are beginning to the red pyramid recognize how toxic news can be and environmental thesis we are learning to on stereotypes take the first steps toward an information diet. This is my attempt to environmental law+phd thesis clarify the dangers of the most toxic form of information – news – and to provide some recommendations about how to deal with it. I have now gone without news for a year, so I can see, feel and report the effects of this freedom first hand: less disruption, more time, less anxiety, deeper thinking, more insights . It’s not easy, but it’s worth it. My good friend Nassim Nicholas Taleb was one of the first people to recognize news consumption as a serious problem. I owe most of the following insights to thomas edison essay him. No 1 – News misleads us systematically. News reports do not represent the environmental law+phd thesis, real world.
Our brains are wired to essays on stereotypes pay attention to visible, large, scandalous, sensational, shocking, people-related, story-formatted, fast changing, loud, graphic onslaughts of environmental law+phd, stimuli. Our brains have limited attention to spend on things that are small, abstract, ambivalent, complex, slow to develop and quiet, much less silent. News organizations systematically exploit this bias. The news media, by and large, focus on the highly visible. They display whatever information they can convey with gripping stories and essay introduction lurid pictures, and they systematically ignore the subtle and insidious, even if it is more important. News grabs our attention; that’s how its business model works.
Even if the advertising model didn’t exist, we would still soak up news pieces because they are easy to environmental law+phd thesis digest and superficially quite tasty. The highly visible misleads us. Take the following event. College Essay Real Writing? A car drives over a bridge, and environmental law+phd the bridge collapses. What does the news media focus on? On the car. On the person in the red pyramid report the car.
Where he came from. Where he planned to go. How he experienced the crash (if he survived). What kind of environmental law+phd thesis, person he is (was). Media Influence On Youth? But – that is all completely irrelevant. Environmental? What’s relevant?
The structural stability of the thomas introduction, bridge. Environmental Thesis? That’s the paragraph writing, underlying risk that has been lingering for a while. The car doesn’t matter at all. It could have been any car that caused the environmental thesis, bridge to collapse. It could have been a strong wind or a dog walking over the bridge. So, why does the media cover the car? Because it’s flashy, it’s dramatic, it’s a person (non-abstract), and it’s news that’s cheap to produce. As a result of news, we walk around with the completely wrong risk map in our head. Terrorism is overrated. Chronic stress is underrated.
The collapse of Lehman is overrated. Fiscal irresponsibility is underrated. Astronauts are overrated. The Red Report? Nurses are underrated. Britney Spears is overrated. Environmental? IPCC Reports are underrated.
Airplane crashes are overrated. Resistance to antibiotics is underrated. We are not rational enough to be exposed to the press. It is a very dangerous thing, because the about influence on youth, probabilistic mapping we get from consuming news is entirely different from the actual risks that we are exposed to. If you watch an airplane crash on news television, it’s going to thesis change your attitude toward that risk regardless of its real probability, no matter your intellectual sophistication. If you think you can compensate this bias with the strength of your own inner contemplation, you are wrong. Bankers and reading real writing economists – who have powerful incentives to compensate for news-borne hazards – have shown that they cannot. The only solution: cut yourself off from environmental law+phd thesis, news consumption entirely. Out of the approximately 10,000 news stories you have read in essay paragraph reading the last 12 months, name one that – because you consumed it – allowed you to thesis make a better decision affecting your life, your career, your business – compared to not having swallowed that piece of news. The point is: the consumption of news is irrelevant to the forces that really matter in your life. At its best, it is entertaining, but it is still irrelevant.
Assume that, against all odds, you found one piece of news that substantially increased the quality of your life – compared to how your life would have unfolded if you hadn’t read or seen it. Thomas Essay? How much trivia did your brain have to digest to get to that one relevant nugget? And that is a hindsight analysis. Looking forward, we can’t even identify the value of a piece of news before we see it. So we are forced to digest everything on the news buffet line. Thesis? Is that worth it? Probably not. In 1914, Sarajevo was the thesis sentence, news story that dwarfed all other news in terms of environmental, its significance that year by a factor of book report, a billion.
But, Sarajevo was just one of several thousand stories in circulation on environmental that day. No news organization treated it anything more than just another politically inspired assassination. The first Internet browser debuted in 1995. That hugely relevant piece of software, which bore such important future impact, barely made it into essay media influence the press. It’s very difficult for us to recognize what’s relevant . It’s much easier to thesis recognize what’s new . We are not equipped with sensory organs for relevance. Relevance doesn’t come naturally. News does. That’s why the media plays on the new. (If our minds were structured the other way round, the media would certainly play on the relevant.) The relevant versus the new is the fundamental battle of the modern man. News creates a worldview that is not relevant to you.
What does relevance mean? It means: what is important to you personally. Relevance is a personal choice. Introduction? Don’t take the media’s view for it. For the media, anything that sells lots of copies is environmental thesis, relevant – Darfour, Paris Hilton, a train crash in China, some idiotic world record (someone who ate 78 cheese burgers in one hour). That is why the news industry has a swindle at the core of its business (this it shares with the circus performances, Freudian psychotherapy and palm-reading).
It sells the relevant, but delivers the new. In short, it’s a camouflage industry. Media organizations want us to on abortion believe that news offers some sort of a competitive advantage. Many people fall for that. We get anxious when we’re cut off from the flow of news. We fear we’ve missed something important. In reality, news consumption is thesis, a competitive disadvantage . The less news you consume the bigger the essays, advantage you have over others.
Afraid you will miss “something important”? Believe me, if something really important happens, you will hear about environmental, it, even if you try to live protected from the news in a cocoon. Friends and colleagues will tell you the relevant events far more reliably than any news organization. They will do this with the thesis, added benefit of meta-information, since you know how they think. If you don’t have friends, you will learn far more about really important events and societal shifts by reading about them in specialized journals, in-depth magazines or good books. No 3 – News limits understanding.
News has no explanatory power. News items are little bubbles popping on the surface of a deeper world. News organizations pride themselves on correctly reporting the facts, but the facts that they prize are just epiphenomena of deeper causes. Environmental Law+phd? Both news organizations and news consumers mistake knowing a litany of facts for understanding the world. It’s not “news facts” that are important, but the threads that connect them. George Orwell? What we really want is to environmental thesis understand the underlying processes , how things happen. Unfortunately, precariously few news organizations manage to do this. The problem is college essay paragraph reading writing, that the environmental law+phd thesis, underlying processes that govern significant social, political and environmental movements mostly are invisible. They are complex, non-linear and hard for our (and the college reading writing, journalists’) brains to digest. Why do news organizations go for the light stuff, the anecdotes, scandals, people-stories and pictures?
The answer is simple: because they are cheaper to produce. The important stories are non-stories: slow, powerful movements that develop below the journalists’ radar but have a transforming effect. Most people believe that more information makes for better decisions. News organizations support this belief. Environmental Law+phd Thesis? Hell, it’s in their own interest. Book? Will the environmental, accumulation of facts help you understanding the world? Sadly, no. The relationship is actually inverted.
The more “news factoids” you digest, the less of the big picture you will understand. There is no evidence that information junkies are better decision makers. They are certainly not more successful than the average Joe. Thesis? If more information leads to higher economic success we would expect journalists to thesis be on the red book report top of the pyramid. That’s not the case. Quite to the contrary. We don’t know what makes people successful, but amassing information is certainly not part of it. Reading news to understand the world is worse than not reading anything . What’s best: cut yourself off from daily news consumption entirely. Read books and thoughtful journals instead of gulping headlines.
No 4 – News is toxic to law+phd your body. News constantly triggers the limbic system. They spur the release of essay influence, cascades of glucocordicoid (cortisol). This deregulates your immune system and inhibits the environmental thesis, release of growth hormones. Thomas Essay? In other words, your body finds itself in a state of chronic stress. The effects of high glucocordicoid levels are impaired digestion, lack of growth (cell, hair, bone), nervousness and susceptibility to infections.
News consumers risk impairing their physical health. The other potential effects of news include fear, aggression, tunnel thinking and desensitization. No 5 – News is toxic for societies. First, the tendency to personalize and politicize the news has a polarizing impact on democracy. Environmental Law+phd? Media users fall into increasingly targeted, narrowcast streams of information and, therefore, become less likely to encounter input that challenges their partisan views.
Second, humankind is susceptible to fads, hypes and essays hysterias. News leads to collective neurosis. As a matter of fact, every large-scale collective neurosis has been driven by news . There is no other way to generate one. Third, stories portraying acts of law+phd, violence have an inordinately negative impact at many levels. Psychological scars – induced by chronic stress, horrifying images and traumatic memories – do not heal easily. Writing? News adds to health costs.
No 6 – News massively increase cognitive errors. News feeds the environmental law+phd thesis, mother of all cognitive errors: confirmation bias . Essay Reading Real Writing? We automatically, systematically filter out environmental law+phd thesis evidence that contradicts our preconceptions in favor of confirming evidence. In the words of essay about media influence, Warren Buffett: “What the environmental law+phd, human being is college essay reading writing, best at doing, is interpreting all new information so that their prior conclusions remain intact.” That is the confirmation bias. News consumption, especially the ability to customize our news intake, exacerbates this human flaw. The result is that we walk around in a cloud of seemingly confirming data – even when our theories about environmental law+phd, ourselves and the world may be wrong. Thesis Sentence? We become prone to overconfidence, take stupid risks and misjudge opportunities . News not only feeds the confirmation bias. There is another cognitive error at play: the story bias . Environmental Law+phd Thesis? Our brains crave stories that “make sense” – even if they don’t correspond to reality.
And news organizations are happy to deliver those fake stories. Instead of just reporting that the stock market declined (or increased) by 2%, they say “the market declined by 2% because of X ”. X can be a bank profit forecast, fear about the Euro, non-farm payroll statistics, a Fed decision, a terrorist attack in Madrid, a subway strike in New York, a handshake between two presidents, anything, really. This reminds me of on stereotypes, high school. My text book specified seven reasons (not six, not eight) why the French Revolution broke out. Fact is, we don’t know why the French Revolution broke out. And especially not why in 1789. And we don’t know why the stock market moved as it moved. Environmental Law+phd Thesis? There are just too many factors that go into edison essay introduction it. We don’t know why an environmental law+phd thesis airplane crashed or why the oil price jumped. We don’t know. On Stereotypes? Any journalist who writes “the market moved because of environmental law+phd, X ” or “the company went bankrupt because of Y ” is an idiot.
Of course, X might have had a casual influence, but it’s far from established, and about media influence there are most likely influences that are much greater than X. To a large degree, news reports consist of environmental law+phd thesis, nothing but stories and anecdotes that end up substituting for coherent analyses. I am fed up with this cheap way of “explaining” the world. It’s inappropriate. The Red Book? It’s irrational. Law+phd? It’s forgery. And I don’t let my thinking get contaminated by it. No 7 – News inhibits thinking.
Thinking requires concentration. Concentration requires uninterrupted time. News items are like free-floating radicals that interfere with clear thinking. News pieces are specifically engineered to edison essay interrupt you. They are like viruses that steal attention for their own purposes.
This is not about stealing time (see reason 9). This is about the inability to think clearly when you open up yourself to the factoid stream. News makes us into shallow thinkers . But it’s worse than that. News severely affects memory . »The passageway from environmental thesis, working memory to long-term memory forms a bottleneck in our brain. While the long-term memory has an essays almost unlimited capacity, working memory can hold only a relatively small amount of information at a time (try repeating a 10-digit phone number if you hear it for the first time). That short-term storage is fragile: A break in environmental law+phd thesis our attention can sweep its contents from our mind.« Because news disrupts concentration, it actively weakens comprehension. You don’t visit Paris or speed through the Museum of Modern Art in two minutes. The Red Report? Why not? Because the brain needs spool-up time.
Building up concentration takes a minimum of environmental thesis, a 10-minute read. At minimum. If it is essay writing, less, your brain will processes the information superficially and barely store it. News pieces are like wind hitting your cheek. Ask yourself: What are the top twenty news pieces from a month ago (that are no longer in the news today). So, why would you want to consume something that doesn’t stick?
Even worse with online news. In a 2001 study two scholars in Canada showed that the thesis, comprehension declines as hyperlinks in a document increase. Thesis Sentence On Abortion? Why? Because whenever a link appears, your brain has to law+phd thesis at least make the choice not to click, which itself is distracting. News consumers are suckers for irrelevancy . On Stereotypes? Online news consumers are the biggest suckers. News is an environmental interruption system.
It seizes our attention only to scramble it. Besides a lack of glucose in your blood stream, news distraction is the biggest limitation on essays clear thinking. No 8 – News changes the law+phd thesis, structure of your brain. News works like a drug. It feeds compulsive information-seeking behavior (CISB). The uninterrupted supply makes us crave more.
As stories develop, we naturally want to know how they continue. Essays? With hundreds of arbitrary story lines in environmental law+phd thesis our heads, this craving is book report, increasingly compelling and hard to law+phd ignore. Why is on abortion, news addictive? Once you get into the habit of checking the news, you are driven to check it even more often. Your attention is set on fast-breaking events, so you hunger for law+phd thesis, more data about them. This has to essays do with a process called long-term potentiation (LTP) and the reward circuits in your brain. Addicts seek more of an addictive substance to get their fix, because they need more stimulation than non-addicts to reach a satisfying reward threshold.
If you set your attention on other things – like literature, science, art, history, cooking, pet grooming, whatever – you will become more focused on those things. That’s just how the brain works. It’s a simple cognitive process. People used to law+phd thesis think that our brain, the dense connections formed among the 100 billion neurons inside our skulls, was largely fixed by orwell, the time we reached adulthood. Law+phd Thesis? Today we know that this is not the case. The human brain is thesis sentence on abortion, highly plastic. Nerve cells routinely break old connections and form new ones. When we adapt to environmental thesis a new cultural phenomenon, including the essays on stereotypes, consumption of news, we end up with a different brain. Law+phd Thesis? Adaptation to news occurs at a biological level.
News reprograms us. Essay? That means our brain works differently even when we’re not consuming news . And that’s dangerous. The more news we consume, the more we are exercising the environmental, neural circuits devoted to essays on stereotypes skimming and environmental law+phd thesis multitasking while ignoring those used for reading and thinking deeply. Most news consumers – even if they used to be avid book readers – have lost the ability to introduction read and absorb longish articles or books . Thesis? After four, five pages they get tired, their concentration vanishes, they become restless. It’s not because they got older or their time schedules got denser. It’s because the thesis on abortion, physical structure of their brains has changed.
In the law+phd, words of Professor Michael Merzenich (University of California, San Francisco), a pioneer in the field of neuroplasticity: “We are training our brains to pay attention to the crap.” Hear me: Deep reading is thomas edison essay, indistinguishable from environmental, deep thinking . When you consume news, your brain structurally changes. And this means that the way you think changes. Pyramid Report? Regaining the environmental thesis, capacity for pyramid report, concentration and thesis contemplation will take nothing but a radical news diet. News wastes time. It exacts exorbitant costs. News taxes productivity three ways. First, count the consumption-time that news demands.
That’s the time you actually waste reading or watching the news. Second, tally up the refocusing time – or switching cost. That’s the time you waste trying to get back to on stereotypes what you were doing before the news interrupted you. You have to thesis collect your thoughts. What were you about to do?
Every time you disrupt your work to the red book check the news, reorienting yourself could easily waste minutes. Third, news distracts us even hours after we’ve digested today’s hot items. News stories and images pop into environmental our minds hours, sometimes days later and on stereotypes will constantly interrupt your train of thought. Why would you want to do that to law+phd thesis you? If you read the newspaper for 15 minutes each morning, then check the news for thesis sentence on abortion, 15 minutes during lunch and 15 minutes before you go to bed, you’re eating up substantial time.
Then, add five minutes here and there when you’re at work, plus distraction and refocusing-time. Environmental Law+phd? You will lose productive hours totaling at least half a day every week . Half a day – and for what? On a global level, the loss in potential productivity is huge. George Collection? Take the 2008 terror attacks in Mumbai, where terrorists murdered some 200 people in an act of chilling exhibitionism. Imagine that a billion people devoted, on average, one hour of their attention to the Mumbai tragedy: following the environmental law+phd thesis, news, watching some talking head on TV, thinking about it. The number is a wild guess, but the guess is far from orwell collection, a wild number. There are more than a billion people in India alone. Many there spent whole days following the drama.
One billion people times one hour is one billion hours, which is more than 100,000 years. Environmental Law+phd Thesis? The global average life expectancy is today 66 years. So nearly 2,000 lives were swallowed by news consumption . The Red Pyramid Report? It’s far more than the thesis, number of people murdered, by any standards. In a sense, the newscasters became unwilling bedfellows of the terrorists. Information is on abortion, no longer a scarce commodity. But attention is. Why give it away so easily? You are not that irresponsible with your money, your reputation or your health. Why then give away your mind? No 10 – News sunders the relationship between reputation and achievement.
Individual reputation affects how people cooperate in society. In our ancestral past, a person’s reputation was directly linked to his or her achievements. You saw that your fellow tribe member killed a tiger single handedly and you spread word of his bravery. With the advent of mass-produced news, the strange concept of “fame” entered our society. Fame is misleading because generally people become famous for reasons that have little relevance to our lives . Law+phd? The media grants fame to movie stars and news anchors for scant reason. News sunders the relationship between reputation and achievement.
The tragedy is essays collection, that their notoriety crowds out the achievements of environmental law+phd, those who make more substantive contributions. No 11 – News is produced by journalists. Some journalists take time with their stories and try to think things through. But like any profession, and probably more so than in any other profession, journalism has its incompetent, unfair practitioners who don’t have the time – or the capacity – for deep analysis. Often, they are paid by the piece, the line, or the word. You might not be able to tell the difference between a polished professional and a rushed, glib, paid-by-the-piece writer with an ax to grind. It all looks like news. Fewer than ten percent of the news stories are original. Fewer than one percent are truly investigative.
And only once every fifty years journalists uncover a Watergate. The rest is cobbled together from other news reports, common knowledge and whatever the journalist can find on thomas introduction the internet. Many journalists, in their rushed schedule, blindly copy from each other. Thesis? The copying and the copying of the copies not only multiplies the flaws in the stories but also the irrelevance. No 12 – Reported facts are sometimes wrong, forecasts always.
Sometimes, reported facts are simply mistaken. With reduced editorial budgets at major publications, fact checking may be an orwell endangered step in the news process. The New Yorker Magazine was legendary for their fact checking. When an article mentioned the Empire State Building, the fact checking department would go out and visually verify that, in fact, the building was still standing. I don’t know if the story is true, but it highlights a point. Today, the fact checker has become an environmental law+phd thesis endangered species in about media influence on youth most news companies.
Many news stories include predictions, but accurately predicting anything in our complex world is impossible. Overwhelming evidence indicates that forecasts by environmental thesis, journalists and by george orwell, experts in finance, social development, global conflicts and technology are almost always completely wrong. So, why consume that junk? Did the law+phd, newspapers predict World War I, the Great Depression, the sexual revolution, the fall of the orwell, Soviet empire, the rise of the Internet, resistance to antibiotics, the fall of Europe’s birth rate or the thesis, explosion in depression cases? Maybe, you’d find one or two correct predictions in a sea of millions of mistaken ones. Essays On Stereotypes? Incorrect forecast are not only useless, they are harmful . To increase the accuracy of your predictions, cut out the news and environmental law+phd thesis roll the dice or. If you are ready for depth, read books to understand the george essays collection, invisible generators that affect our world. No 13 – News is manipulative.
News is the perfect Trojan horse. Environmental Thesis? Few bits of news arrive without a hidden agenda, and many news stories crop up with big obvious agendas. Our evolutionary past has equipped us with a good bullshit detector for face-to-face interactions. We automatically use many clues to detect manipulation, clues that go beyond the verbal message and george include gesture, facial expression, signs of nervousness such as sweaty palms, blushing and body odor. Living in small bands of people, we almost always knew the law+phd thesis, background of the messenger. Information always came with a rich set of college reading writing, meta data. Environmental? Today, even conscientious readers find that distinguishing even-handed news stories from ones that have a private agenda is difficult and energy consuming. Why go through that? Reporting is biased. Stories are selected or slanted to please advertisers (advertising bias) or the owners of the media (corporate bias), and here is a tendency to essay influence on youth report what everyone else is reporting, and to environmental thesis avoid stories that will offend anyone (mainstream bias).
The PR industry is as large as the news reporting industry – the best proof that journalists and news organizations can be manipulated. Corporations, interest groups and other organizations would not expend these huge sums if PR didn’t work. If journalists with their natural skepticism towards powerful organizations can be manipulated, what makes you think you can escape it? Take the Nurse Nayirah story. Nayirah was a fifteen-year-old Kuwaiti girl, who alleged that she had witnessed the murder of the red pyramid book report, infant children by Iraqi soldiers in Kuwait, in verbal testimony to the U.S. Congress, in the run up to the 1991 Gulf War. Virtually every media outlet covered the story. Law+phd Thesis? The U.S. public was in rage, which in turn pushed the congress closer to influence on youth approving the war.
Her testimony, which was regarded as credible at the time by law+phd, all the media outlets, has since come to be regarded as wartime propaganda. Look back over the 20 th century and ask yourself how many atrocities could have been prevented if the majority of people would have followed a simple news diet. It’s a wild thought. There is more: Journalism shapes a common picture of the world and a common set of narratives for discussing it. Essay Reading Real? It sets the public agenda. Hold on: do we really want the newsmakers to influence the public agenda? I believe that agenda setting by the media is law+phd, just bad democracy. No 14 – News makes us passive. News stories are overwhelmingly about things you cannot influence. This sets readers up to have a fatalistic outlook on the world. Compare this with our ancestral past, where you could act upon about media on youth, practically every bit of news.
Our evolutionary past prepared us to act on information, but the daily repetition of news about things we can’t act upon makes us passive. It zaps our energy. It grinds us down until we adopt a worldview that is pessimistic, desensitized, sarcastic and fatalistic. If the human brain encounters a barrage of ambiguous information without being able to act upon that information, it can lead to passivity and a sense of victimhood. The scientific term is learned helplessness . It’s a bit of a stretch, but I would not be surprised if news consumption at least partially contributes to thesis the widespread disease of depression. Viewed on a timeline, the paragraph real, spread of depression coincides almost perfectly with the growth and maturity of the law+phd, mass media.
It could turn out to the red be a coincidence, and I am skeptical about this type of conjecture, but I don’t want to leave it unmentioned. 15 – News gives us the illusion of caring. Kathleen Norris (even if I don’t share most of law+phd, her ideas) said it best: “We may want to believe that we are still concerned, as our eyes drift from a news anchor announcing the essay, latest atrocity to the NBA scores and stock market quotes streaming across the bottom of the law+phd thesis, screen. But the ceaseless bombardment of image and verbiage makes us impervious to essays caring.” News wraps us in a warm global feeling. We are all world citizens.
We are all connected. The planet is just one global village. We sing the “We-are-the-World” song and wave the law+phd thesis, little flame of our lighters in perfect harmony with thousands of others. It’s a glowing and fuzzy feeling that delivers the illusion of care but doesn’t get us anywhere. I haven’t had the time to put my finger on it, but this allure for anything global smells like a gigantic chimera . Like a religion. Essays On Stereotypes? Fact is, we are not connected because we consume news. We are connected because we trade. No 16 – News kills creativity. Things we already know severely impact creativity. This is one reason why mathematicians, novelists, composers or entrepreneurs produce their most creative works at a young age. Law+phd Thesis? They are oblivious to much that has been tried before.
Their brains enjoy a wide, uninhabited space that allows them to come up with novel ideas. I don’t know a single truly creative mind who is a news junkie – not a writer, not a composer, mathematician, physician, scientist, musician, designer, architect or painter. On the other hand, I know a whole bunch of viciously uncreative minds who consume news like drugs. The creativity-killing effect of thesis on abortion, news might also be owned to environmental law+phd something simpler we’ve discussed before: distraction. I just can’t imagine producing novel ideas with the distraction that news is sure to deliver. If you want to come up with old solutions, read news. Edison Essay Introduction? If you are looking for new solutions, don’t read news. Go without news. Cut it out completely. Go cold turkey. Make news as inaccessible as possible.
Delete the environmental law+phd thesis, news apps from pyramid report, your iPhone. Sell your TV. Cancel your newspaper subscriptions. Do not pick up newspapers and environmental thesis magazines that lie around in airports and reading real train stations. Do not set the browser default to a news site. Pick a site that never changes. The more stale the better. Law+phd? Delete all news sites from your browser’s favorites list. Delete the news widgets from your desktop. If you want to edison essay introduction keep the illusion of “not missing anything important”, I suggest you glance through the environmental thesis, summary page of the Economist once a week. Don’t waste more than five minutes on it.
Read magazines and books which explain the world – Science, Nature, The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly. Thomas Edison Essay Introduction? Go for magazines that connect the dots and don’t shy away from presenting the complexities of life – or from purely entertaining you. The world is complicated, and there is nothing we can do about it. So, you must read longish and deep articles and books that represent its complexity. Try reading a book a week. Better two or three. History is good. Biology. Psychology. That way you’ll learn to understand the underlying mechanisms of the world.
Go deep instead of broad. Environmental Law+phd? Enjoy material that truly interests you. Have fun reading. The first week will be the hardest. Deciding not to check the news while you are thinking, writing or reading takes discipline. You are fighting your brain’s built-in tendency. Initially, you will feel out of touch or even socially isolated. Every day you will be tempted to check your favorite news Web site. Don’t do it. Stick to pyramid book the cold-turkey plan.
Go 30 days without news. After 30 days, you will have a more relaxed attitude toward the news. Law+phd Thesis? You will find that you have more time, more concentration and a better understanding of the world. After a while, you will realize that despite your personal news blackout, you have not missed – and thesis sentence you’re not going to miss – any important facts. If some bit of information is truly important to environmental your profession, your company, your family or your community, you will hear it in time – from your friends, your mother in thomas edison introduction law or whoever you talk to or see. When you are with your friends, ask them if anything important is happening in the world. Environmental Law+phd Thesis? The question is sentence on abortion, a great conversation starter. Most of the time, the answer will be: “not really.” Are you afraid that living a news-free existence will make you an outcast at parties? Well, you might not know that Paris Hilton is in jail (I don’t know, I am making this up), but you will have more intelligent facts to share – about the law+phd, cultural meaning of the george orwell essays, food you are eating or the discovery of exosolar planets.
Never be shy about your news diet. People will be fascinated. Society needs journalism – but in a different way. Investigative journalism is thesis, relevant in any society. We need more hard-core journalists digging into meaningful stories.
We need reporting that polices our society and uncovers the truth. The best example is Watergate. But important findings don’t have to arrive in the form of news. Often, reporting is not time sensitive. Longish journal articles and books are fine forums for investigative journalism – and influence on youth now that you’ve gone cold turkey on the news, you’ll have time to read them. ? Imaginary Interview with Rolf Dobelli. No news, period. That sounds fundamentalist. “Don’t smoke” used to environmental law+phd thesis sound fundamentalist. Today, everybody understands it. “Don’t eat sugar in the red pyramid report mass quantities because it’s toxic.” Does that sound fundamentalist? It just makes plain sense. “Don’t do news” might sound fundamentalist today, but there will come a time when this will sound as reasonable as “don’t do opium” or “use protection when you sleep with strangers.”
You say: “The relevant versus the new is the fundamental battle of the environmental thesis, modern man.” That’s too great of edison essay, a claim to be taken seriously. I consider it the most fundamental distinction in environmental today’s world. It certainly is the most important one in my life. News organizations promise to sell knowledge and insights, but deliver something way more shallow. In other realms we call this a scam. It’s time to recognize this. It’s time to strip the news from the george essays collection, aura of relevance. Environmental Law+phd Thesis? News is one thing.
Relevance is something different. Thomas Edison Essay? At times, there is an overlap – small and fragile. At most times, new and relevant things are at opposite ends. Law+phd? Of course, the essay, media is trying hard to maintain the aura of law+phd, relevance. In TV they do this with impressive trailers and sounds that come before and after the news – showing airplanes landing, rockets blasting off, presidents shaking hands. The relevant versus the new : No dichotomy is more important in my life. If I had to transpose Plato’s cave story into today’s times, the shadows on on abortion the wall are the environmental law+phd, news pieces, but the on abortion, real things invisible to the cave prisoner is the relevant . Now, I am not saying you should strive for environmental thesis, relevance at essay media influence day and night. That would be a horrible life. It would be sort of a Calvinist mental prison. No, be frivolous, enjoy life, party, do the crazy, the law+phd, useless – even the novel.
But do it on the things that don’t matter. On the big things in life (health, career, relationships, your retirement money), stick to the relevant. It’s better to know something than not. Agree. But information is not knowledge. Facts are not understanding.
News organizations support the belief that more information makes for better decisions. They do this, because it’s in their own interest. Assume you are in charge of a big business unit. How much would you pay to know everything private about your employees, everything? Most people would propose a positive amount. I propose a negative amount. Knowing my subordinates’ political views, treatment of their children, neurotic symptoms, experiences, dreams and affairs would bias my evaluation of their performance.
This would ultimately hurt both the organization and me. Often, less information is more. Isn’t it inhumane not to care about Haiti? Your shtick feels pretty cold. Is it inhumane not to thesis care about horrific things happening on other planets? The point is: You can’t care about everything in environmental the universe, on the earth, in essays your country, not even in your city. Nor should you. Where is the compassion? Let me state this even stronger: Caring without action it inhumane. It gives us the illusion of law+phd, making the world a better place.
Truth is, we do it for us. Essays? We revel in the marinade of environmental thesis, caring. What does it change? It makes us feel good (humane if you like) but doesn’t help a thing. I don’t care about people who care. On Stereotypes? Empathy – if it remains empathy – is useless. Law+phd Thesis? I deeply care about the red book report, people who help.
So, let me rephrase. Isn’t it inhumane not to help Haiti – if you don’t even know about environmental law+phd thesis, it, if you cover your eyes from it. The measure of your humanity is a how effective your help is going to be. Sentence On Abortion? With your means and skills, where can you do the most good? It might be on a global issue, but then again, it might not be. Most likely it will be on a local issue where you will be most effective (because you know the problem more intimately, you have a network of people to recruit from, and a more direct feedback on your efforts).
So, the law+phd thesis, first decision for you as a humanitarian is: at which problem am I most effective? Wasting your money and skills is not morally corrupt, but it is not very intelligent either. On Stereotypes? There is environmental law+phd thesis, a second thing: Fighting fires – in most cases – is less effective than prevention. Pyramid Book Report? The curse of prevention is that it doesn’t generate many brownie points. The people who eradicated polio are heroes, but they didn’t get much visibility.
Imagine a person in the 1980’s convincing the FAA to put locks on environmental law+phd airplane doors thus preventing a potential act of terrorism. Essays? He would have been laughed at – by the FAA, the airlines (who would have had to thesis carry the cost) and the pilot unions (for complicating their lives). Assume, he would indeed have prevented 9-11. How would we know about it? We wouldn’t. Essay Reading Real Writing? And consequently, there would be no presidential medal for thesis, the guy. Not award. On the thesis sentence on abortion, other hand, rescue workers who rescue a baby under rubbles will get many more brownie points.
That’s why I am in favor of giving a Nobel Prize for prevention. But still, that’s a pretty cold view. Assume the planet Earth had double the diameter. That would make the law+phd thesis, surface four times as large. Assume four times the number of continents, countries and people. Sentence? Four times the number of thesis, airplane crashes, volcano eruptions and earthquakes. Do you think the newspapers and magazines would be four times the size? No, because you still only have 24 hours in a day and besides consuming news there are other things to do. The media would just cover less. Just like you shouldn’t care about everything, the media shouldn’t care about everything.
I am sure there is a lot of relevant stuff happening on other planets. I am sure there are bigger problems on other planets. For some reason we accept the about influence, fact that those things are not important. What is law+phd, relevance? Ah, that’s the great freedom! Relevance is a personal choice. Sentence? Many people forget that. I consider it more fundamental than the freedom of speech.
Deciding in the face of the media barrage that the earthquake in environmental law+phd thesis Haiti (to take just one example) is not relevant to me – that is freedom! If I had to put together my personal Economist edition, what would it look like? This: A report on my PSA value – embedded in an investigation about my physical and mental health status. A status report on the illness of my father. The school grades of my children (if I had any). The states of my friends. Thomas Introduction? The noise around my house and what do to about it. A renovation project in law+phd thesis the kitchen. Vacation plans. An email exchange with a brain researcher in Shanghai. Pyramid? My plans for the next novel.
A talk I heard today that gave me a great insight. The question if this paper will resonate with others. What’s relevant to me has absolutely nothing to law+phd do with what’s on the global news radar. However, when people read “global news” they automatically assume that this is the relevant stuff. It’s not. That takes courage.
Don’t feel bad if 99% of the people deem something relevant and you don’t. Relevance is a personal choice. Edison Essay Introduction? Is global warming relevant? Only if the survival of our species (and other vertebrates) is close to your heart. It is for environmental law+phd, me.
But it doesn’t have to be so. You have the freedom to thesis on abortion make this an unimportant topic to you. You can say: As long as bacteria survive, higher-order life will develop again on environmental law+phd the planet. It might take a billion or so years. But in the long-term it is conceivable that there will be consciousness again. And for the large gap in between, those billion years – nobody will care, because there will be no consciousness to record it.
So, who cares? That’s a perfectly rational argument. Seriously, you never check news? I try not to endulge. Sometimes I do research on a topic and I land on a news site. George Orwell Essays? Then it’s very hard not to law+phd thesis scan the pyramid, headlines. Even for twenty seconds. And then you feel guilty? No, but it confirms every time that looking at environmental thesis news is a waste of time.
Then I am pissed at me. You’d put less stress on you with a more loose policy. True but the news will suck you in. It is a drug. You can’t be a casual pot smoker. You can be a casual alcohol drinker. True, but the consumption barriers are much higher. You have to do the effort to buy it and about media it costs money.
If you are in environmental law+phd thesis a relationship you have to hide the bottles and get rid of the empty ones as quickly as possible. That’s work. With news you don’t have that. News is everywhere, it slips into your consciousness automatically, and it’s free. No hurdle. That’s why you want to essay introduction be extremely careful.
Also, the damage you get as a news addict is more severe than that as an alcohol addict. It’s not that news works like a drug. It is a drug . And we are addicted to environmental law+phd it. Opium was used as a legitimate pain relief drug in many civilizations over the past 5,000 years. Book Report? In the 17 th and environmental thesis 18 th centuries it became a mass addiction that destroyed entire peoples and economies. News used to be a legitimate source of essay about influence on youth, trading information over environmental law+phd the past 5,000 years. Today, it has become a mass addiction with dire consequences.
News consumption is a big global mania. We don’t realize it because everybody around us is doing it. Just as people in the 13 th century didn’t realize how idiotic it was to on stereotypes go on crusades or to witch-hunt. News is environmental law+phd thesis, just one of these global manias. In a hundred years from now we will look back and say: “What in the hell were these people doing?” You had the idea for getAbstract, a company that summarizes books.
That sounds pretty much like a “news” service. I believe that the most relevant information can be found in books. Our book summaries are five pages long. That’s longer than most New Yorker or Atlantic Monthly articles. In five pages you can convey a lot of depth. But you have a point. I would not dare to write one-page book summaries, because you’d lose the depth. A one-page book summary would not be anything more than a table of contents.
So, with five pages I feel pretty good. Even then, there are many books we can’t capture the essays, complexity of the subject. In those cases, I suggest you read the summary first, then the entire book. People worry about the stock market. Thesis? It’s their hard-earned money after all. They have their retirement tied up in the market. Isn’t it prudent if these people check the news relevant to their portfolio? No, it doesn’t make sense.
First, news will be irrelevant in 9,999 out of 10,000 cases. Second, if you find a relevant piece of essays on stereotypes, news, it will be too late to react. Better to understand the long-term generators of the world. Law+phd? Then build a sensible investment strategy around those forces. News are just irrelevant trickles. Unless you are a professional trader who trades on momentum, you should leave news stories aside for investment decisions. Essays Collection? But what really surprises me is how often people worry about the stock market.
They spend hours every week analyzing the market – but they spend not a minute trying to reduce their smoking or their chronic stress. Then they fall sick and suddenly nothing else matters in their lives. When it comes to the stock market, people are unreasonably concerned with it. They have a wrong risk map in their heads. When you are dead, nothing else matters. When you are sick, nothing else matters. Environmental? Not even the stock market. All I am saying is this: news distorts your risk map, and that’s dangerous. So, the solution could be to have a good news filter. If you can delegate it to sentence on abortion your personal assistant, great.
He or she might present to you the one news story per week that could have a bearing on your life. But most of us don’t have a personal assistant. We are facing the onslaught of news ourselves. The moment we start filtering news, we are consuming news. There’s just no other way. That’s why you better just stay away from it completely. You suck the fun out of life!
I want you to law+phd thesis be aware of the risks. If you treat reading newspapers as a purely entertaining activity, then go for it. As long as you know it’s entertainment. For example, when you go to the movies, you know it’s entertainment. If you read a novel, you know it’s entertainment. On Abortion? But if you look at the picture of environmental, two presidents shaking hands on the other side of the globe, I don’t believe you can make that distinction. There is an automatic response to news that tells you that is essays, it something important (even if it is not), and I seriously doubt that anyone can override that reaction. By all means, have fun. But there are a million things that are more fun (and less dangerous) than surfing news websites. When did you first recognize the law+phd thesis, dangers of news consumption? I met Nassim Taleb in 2003, and sentence on abortion we became friends.
We’ve since talked a lot about the dangers of news and how news distorts your risk map. I realized how mindful he dealt with his news intake. Environmental Law+phd? He made me conscious of the the red, subject. I then started practicing the news diet and experienced the advantages. And now I am happy to law+phd tell everybody who wants to listen.
But I am not proselytizing. After all the thesis sentence on abortion, slashing and burning: What would you tell someone who wants to become a journalist after all? I think there will be no more journalists per se . The romantic notion of reporting anything from anywhere is dead. You will have two choices. A: You will be an editor of news pieces – basically paraphrasing what comes down the wire or what’s cheaply delivered to your doorstep (by press releases, blogs, others news sites, local gossip).
A horrendous way of wasting your life. You’ll be slaving away in a newsroom, churning out environmental twenty irrelevant articles per day. It’s a commodity job and essays it pays near minimum wage. B: You will become an investigative journalist in a particular field. There are two propositions here: investigative and particular field . Let me clarify. Investigative means that you really have the balls to uncover the truth.
You become a secret agent of sorts. And you better get those skills under your belt. Journalism school will not teach you that. Go and do a stint at a police station. Work some time as an industrial spy. Law+phd? Master that craft. Second: You need to be deeply proficient in essay one particular area – be it politics, business, science, art, whatever. Study that area. Law+phd Thesis? And get experience. Don’t go to journalism school before you’ve worked in your particular field.
Learning to write prose is the easy part – the “investigative” and media influence on youth “particular field” are much more important. Environmental Thesis? Don’t expect to orwell collection uncover a Watergate. The odds are stacked against you. We haven’t seen another Watergate in law+phd thesis forty years. Technically, you have a higher chance of becoming the next U.S. president than the essay paragraph real writing, next Bob Woodward. Still, there are smaller Watergates to uncover – and they need to be uncovered. Law+phd Thesis? If you have the courage and the skills, go for it. These jobs are few and far between.
Most news organizations have cut these positions completely. Don’t hire with one of these firms, since you will be on the straight path to newsroom slave. So, there will be no more space for a “general journalist”. I could be wrong, of course. But that’s the best of my knowledge at this point. You make journalists out to be bad people.
It’s like saying: The ship ran on a sand bank therefore the sailors are bad people. Essays On Stereotypes? No. Environmental Law+phd? I have many friends who are journalists, editors or chief editors. They are some of the most brilliant people I know. Problem is: They happen to on stereotypes be imprisoned in an industry that just doesn’t make any sense.
Juggling news doesn’t make sense. News is dead for me, and I hope it will be dead for many people soon. If the publishing industry would change its mission to environmental “uncovering truth and creating knowledge”, these people would enjoy the pyramid report, most amazing careers. You mention that news doesn’t stick in the brain. Worse with online news, because the hyperlinks distract the reader.
How about multimedia? That should make news stick, right? Wrong. »In a study in the journal Media Psychology, researchers had more than 100 volunteers watch a presentation about the country of Mali, played through a Web browser. Some watched a text-only version. Others watched a version that incorporated video. Afterward, the law+phd, subjects where quizzed on the material.
Compared to the multimedia viewers, the text-only viewers answered significantly more questions correctly; they also found the presentation to be more interesting, more educational and more understandable.« How do you go for the relevant stuff? Be an active information consumer. College Essay Paragraph Reading? Have a clear question to answer (a hypothesis about the world), then dig in environmental thesis and find confirming and thomas essay disconfirming evidence. Look especially for disconfirming evidence. Don’t rely on low-cost information like news. In the words of Nassim Taleb: It is a very recent disease to thesis mistake the college essay paragraph reading real writing, unobservable for the nonexistent. If something is relevant to you , develop an active research strategy, not a passive one. Don’t fall for media reports because of their low cost. Go out there and interview people who know.
Talk to CEOs, employees, customers, researchers, proponents and law+phd critics. Read books. Read textbooks. Read deep articles. On Stereotypes? Study research papers. Don’t be a passive information consumer who just picks up whatever floats by him.
Get your hands dirty. But – for chrissake – stop consuming news. ? The above statements reflect the most truthful viewpoint I can achieve at the time of this writing. I reserve the law+phd thesis, right to revise my views at any time. I might even indulge in the freedom of contradicting myself. I have done so in the past and will most certainly do so in the future.
The only reason I would change my views (a switch which would undoubtedly be noticed by the “consistency police” – usually journalists with good high-school degrees) is because the new version is closer to the truth, not ever because I would gain any personal advantage.  Nicholas Carr: The Web Shatters Focus, Rewires Brains, Wired, May 2010.